Aliases for KCNU1 Gene
External Ids for KCNU1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KCNU1 Gene
GeneCards Summary for KCNU1 Gene
KCNU1 (Potassium Channel, Subfamily U, Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA and Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA. GO annotations related to this gene include voltage-gated potassium channel activity and large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is KCNT2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KCNU1 Gene
Testis-specific potassium channel activated by both intracellular pH and membrane voltage that mediates export of K(+). May represent the primary spermatozoan K(+) current. In contrast to KCNMA1/SLO1, it is not activated by Ca(2+) or Mg(2+). Critical for fertility. May play an important role in sperm osmoregulation required for the acquisition of normal morphology and motility when faced with osmotic challenges, such as those experienced after mixing with seminal fluid and entry into the vagina.
Ca2+-activated potassium channels (KCa) are a group of 6/7-TM ion channels that selectively transport K+ ions across biological membranes. They are broadly classified into three subtypes, SK, IK and BK channels, based on their conductance (small, intermediate and big conductance respectively). The small conductance KCa channels (KCa2.1, 2.2 and 2.3, also known as SK1, SK2 and SK3 respectively) and the intermediate conductance KCa channel (KCa3.1, also known as SK4) are voltage-insensitive and are activated by Ca2+-calmodulin. Both play important roles in many processes involving Ca2+-dependent signalling in both electrically excitable and non-excitable cells. The BK family of KCa channels (also known as Slo or Maxi-K channels) are also voltage-sensitive and include KCa1.1 (Slo1), KCa4.1 (Slo2.2), KCa4.2 (Slo2.1) and KCa5.1 (Slo3). These channels do not require calmodulin for activation as they contain three direct bivalent cation binding sites.