Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for JARID2 Gene

Aliases for JARID2 Gene

  • Jumonji, AT Rich Interactive Domain 2 2 3
  • JMJ 3 4 6
  • Jumonji/ARID Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • Jumonji (Mouse) Homolog 2
  • Jumonji-Like Protein 3
  • Jumonji Homolog 3
  • Protein Jumonji 3

External Ids for JARID2 Gene

Previous Symbols for JARID2 Gene

  • JMJ

Summaries for JARID2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for JARID2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a Jumonji- and AT-rich interaction domain (ARID)-domain-containing protein. The encoded protein is a DNA-binding protein that functions as a transcriptional repressor. This protein interacts with the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) which plays an essential role in regulating gene expression during embryonic development. This protein facilitates the recruitment of the PRC2 complex to target genes. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Mutations in this gene are associated with chronic myeloid malignancies. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

GeneCards Summary for JARID2 Gene

JARID2 (Jumonji, AT Rich Interactive Domain 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Transcriptional Regulatory Network in Embryonic Stem Cell. GO annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and histone demethylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is KDM5D.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for JARID2 Gene

  • Regulator of histone methyltransferase complexes that plays an essential role in embryonic development, including heart and liver development, neural tube fusion process and hematopoiesis. Acts by modulating histone methyltransferase activity and promoting the recruitment of histone methyltransferase complexes to their target genes. Binds DNA and mediates the recruitment of the PRC2 complex to target genes in embryonic stem cells. Does not have histone demethylase activity but regulates activity of various histone methyltransferase complexes. In embryonic stem cells, it associates with the PRC2 complex and inhibits trimethylation of Lys-27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) by the PRC2 complex, thereby playing a key role in differentiation of embryonic stem cells and normal development. In cardiac cells, it is required to repress expression of cyclin-D1 (CCND1) by activating methylation of Lys-9 of histone H3 (H3K9me) by the GLP1/EHMT1 and G9a/EHMT2 histone methyltransferases. Also acts as a transcriptional repressor of ANF via its interaction with GATA4 and NKX2-5. Participates in the negative regulation of cell proliferation signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for JARID2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for JARID2 Gene

Genomics for JARID2 Gene

Genomic Location for JARID2 Gene

Start:
15,245,975 bp from pter
End:
15,522,042 bp from pter
Size:
276,068 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for JARID2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for JARID2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for JARID2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for JARID2 Gene

Proteins for JARID2 Gene

  • Protein details for JARID2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92833-JARD2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein Jumonji
    Protein Accession:
    Q92833
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K9Z6
    • B7Z5S5
    • B7Z8L0
    • Q5U5L5
    • Q86X63

    Protein attributes for JARID2 Gene

    Size:
    1246 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    138734 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Associates with a histone methyltransferase complex containing GLP1/EHMT1 and G9a/EHMT2. Interacts with SUZ12; the interaction is direct. Interacts with GATA4 (via the N-terminal region). Interacts with NKX2-5 (via the C-terminal region). Interacts with RB1. Interacts with ZNF496 (By similarity). Associates with the PRC2 complex, which includes EED, EZH1, EZH2, SUZ12, RBBP4 and AEBP2; JARID2 is probably not a core component of the PRC2 complex and associates to PRC2 via its interaction with SUZ12.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC50822.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1233; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for JARID2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for JARID2 Gene

Proteomics data for JARID2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for JARID2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for JARID2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for JARID2 Gene

Domains for JARID2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92833

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

JARD2_HUMAN
Domain:
  • The ARID domain is required to target the PRC2 complex to its target genes.:
    • Q92833
  • The GSGFP motif is required for the interaction with SUZ12.:
    • Q92833
  • Contains 1 ARID domain.:
    • Q92833
  • Contains 1 JmjC domain.:
    • Q92833
  • Contains 1 JmjN domain.:
    • Q92833
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with JARID2: view

No data available for Gene Families for JARID2 Gene

Function for JARID2 Gene

Molecular function for JARID2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Regulator of histone methyltransferase complexes that plays an essential role in embryonic development, including heart and liver development, neural tube fusion process and hematopoiesis. Acts by modulating histone methyltransferase activity and promoting the recruitment of histone methyltransferase complexes to their target genes. Binds DNA and mediates the recruitment of the PRC2 complex to target genes in embryonic stem cells. Does not have histone demethylase activity but regulates activity of various histone methyltransferase complexes. In embryonic stem cells, it associates with the PRC2 complex and inhibits trimethylation of Lys-27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) by the PRC2 complex, thereby playing a key role in differentiation of embryonic stem cells and normal development. In cardiac cells, it is required to repress expression of cyclin-D1 (CCND1) by activating methylation of Lys-9 of histone H3 (H3K9me) by the GLP1/EHMT1 and G9a/EHMT2 histone methyltransferases. Also acts as a transcriptional repressor of ANF via its interaction with GATA4 and NKX2-5. Participates in the negative regulation of cell proliferation signaling.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for JARID2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003682 chromatin binding ISS --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0032452 NOT histone demethylase activity ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with JARID2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with JARID2: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for JARID2 Gene

Localization for JARID2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for JARID2 Gene

Nucleus. Note=Colocalizes with the PRC2 complex on chromatin.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for JARID2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for JARID2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for JARID2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 20075857
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0035097 histone methyltransferase complex ISS --
GO:0035098 colocalizes_with ESC/E(Z) complex IDA 20075857
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with JARID2: view

Pathways for JARID2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with JARID2: view

Pathways by source for JARID2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for JARID2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0001889 liver development IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0007417 central nervous system development TAS 8894700
GO:0008285 negative regulation of cell proliferation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with JARID2: view

Transcripts for JARID2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for JARID2 Gene

Jumonji, AT rich interactive domain 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for JARID2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18 ^ 19
SP1: - - - - -
SP2:
SP3: -
SP4:

Relevant External Links for JARID2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
JARID2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
JARID2

Expression for JARID2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for JARID2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for JARID2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for JARID2 Gene Hs.269059

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for JARID2 Gene

Q92833-JARD2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: During embryogenesis, predominantly expressed in neurons and particularly in dorsal root ganglion cells
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with JARID2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for JARID2 Gene

Orthologs for JARID2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for JARID2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia JARID2 35
  • 99.46 (n)
  • 99.52 (a)
JARID2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia JARID2 35
  • 91 (n)
  • 93.58 (a)
JARID2 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia JARID2 35
  • 92.67 (n)
  • 95.26 (a)
JARID2 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Jarid2 35
  • 90.36 (n)
  • 93.4 (a)
Jarid2 16
Jarid2 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia JARID2 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia JARID2 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Jarid2 35
  • 90.11 (n)
  • 93.07 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves JARID2 35
  • 82.96 (n)
  • 87.45 (a)
JARID2 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia JARID2 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.7923 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia jarid2 35
  • 76.21 (n)
  • 79.57 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii jarid2a 36
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
jarid2b 35
  • 67.6 (n)
  • 65.96 (a)
jarid2b 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Jarid2 36
  • 17 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rbr-2 36
  • 10 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes JHD2 36
  • 17 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for JARID2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for JARID2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for JARID2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for JARID2 (if available)

Paralogs for JARID2 Gene

Paralogs for JARID2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for JARID2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with JARID2: view

Variants for JARID2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for JARID2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs3759 -- 15,297,679(-) CCCCA(A/C)TGAGT intron-variant
rs3950 -- 15,311,870(+) GGGGG(A/G)AATTT intron-variant
rs3954 -- 15,311,854(+) TTAAC(C/T)ACGTG intron-variant
rs707827 -- 15,327,269(-) AAGAC(C/T)GTCTC intron-variant
rs707828 -- 15,327,328(-) AAGGC(A/G)CCTAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for JARID2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830594 CNV Loss 17160897
esv27933 CNV Loss 19812545
esv2034818 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2672598 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv509120 CNV Insertion 20534489
esv2677006 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv522265 CNV Loss 19592680
esv2731614 CNV Deletion 23290073

Relevant External Links for JARID2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
JARID2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
JARID2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for JARID2 Gene

Disorders for JARID2 Gene

Relevant External Links for JARID2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
JARID2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
JARID2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with JARID2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for JARID2 Gene

Publications for JARID2 Gene

  1. Characterization of the human jumonji gene. (PMID: 8894700) Berge-Lefranc J.-L. … Fontes M. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 1996) 2 3 4
  2. Induction by left ventricular overload and left ventricular failure of the human Jumonji gene (JARID2) encoding a protein that regulates transcription and reexpression of a protective fetal program. (PMID: 18805276) Bovill E. … Shaw T. (J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2008) 3 23
  3. A jumonji (Jarid2) protein complex represses cyclin D1 expression by methylation of histone H3-K9. (PMID: 19010785) Shirato H. … Takeuchi T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23
  4. The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. (PMID: 14574404) Mungall A.J. … Beck S. (Nature 2003) 3 4
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for JARID2 Gene

Sources for JARID2 Gene

Back to Top

Content