Aliases for ITGA4 Gene
External Ids for ITGA4 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ITGA4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ITGA4 Gene
The product of this gene belongs to the integrin alpha chain family of proteins. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. This gene encodes an alpha 4 chain. Unlike other integrin alpha chains, alpha 4 neither contains an I-domain, nor undergoes disulfide-linked cleavage. Alpha 4 chain associates with either beta 1 chain or beta 7 chain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ITGA4 Gene
ITGA4 (Integrin, Alpha 4 (Antigen CD49D, Alpha 4 Subunit Of VLA-4 Receptor)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ITGA4 include chronic venous insufficiency and breast sarcoma. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and Regulation of actin cytoskeleton. GO annotations related to this gene include fibronectin binding. An important paralog of this gene is ITGA8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ITGA4 Gene
Integrins alpha-4/beta-1 (VLA-4) and alpha-4/beta-7 are receptors for fibronectin. They recognize one or more domains within the alternatively spliced CS-1 and CS-5 regions of fibronectin. They are also receptors for VCAM1. Integrin alpha-4/beta-1 recognizes the sequence Q-I-D-S in VCAM1. Integrin alpha-4/beta-7 is also a receptor for MADCAM1. It recognizes the sequence L-D-T in MADCAM1. On activated endothelial cells integrin VLA-4 triggers homotypic aggregation for most VLA-4-positive leukocyte cell lines. It may also participate in cytolytic T-cell interactions with target cells.
Integrins are ubiquitously expressed adhesion molecules. They are cell-surface receptors that exist as heterodimers of alpha and beta subunits. At physiological conditions, integrins are highly glycosylated and contain a Ca2+ or Mg2+ ion, which is essential for ligand binding. Integrin receptors are critical for cell attachment to the extracellular matrix (ECM) and this is mediated through integrin-fibronectin, -vitronectin, -collagen and -laminin interactions. Intracellularly, integrins form adhesion complexes with proteins including talin, vinculin, paxillin and alpha-actinin. They also regulate kinases, such as focal adhesion kinase and Src family kinases, to mediate attachment to the actin cytoskeleton. Integrins also have a significant role in cell signaling and can activate protein kinases involved in the regulation of cell growth, division, survival, differentiation, migration and apoptosis. Glycoprotein II/IIIb (alphaIIbeta3) is an integrin receptor found on the surface of platelets. It is involved in the cross-linking of platelets with fibrin, and so has a vital role in blood clot formation.