Aliases for INHBB Gene
External Ids for INHBB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for INHBB Gene
The inhibin beta B subunit joins the alpha subunit to form a pituitary FSH secretion inhibitor. Inhibin has been shown to regulate gonadal stromal cell proliferation negatively and to have tumour-suppressor activity. In addition, serum levels of inhibin have been shown to reflect the size of granulosa-cell tumors and can therefore be used as a marker for primary as well as recurrent disease. Because expression in gonadal and various extragonadal tissues may vary severalfold in a tissue-specific fashion, it is proposed that inhibin may be both a growth/differentiation factor and a hormone. Furthermore, the beta B subunit forms a homodimer, activin B, and also joins with the beta A subunit to form a heterodimer, activin AB, both of which stimulate FSH secretion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for INHBB Gene
INHBB (Inhibin Beta B) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by NODAL and TGF-beta signaling pathway (KEGG). GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and growth factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is INHBE.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for INHBB Gene
Inhibins and activins inhibit and activate, respectively, the secretion of follitropin by the pituitary gland. Inhibins/activins are involved in regulating a number of diverse functions such as hypothalamic and pituitary hormone secretion, gonadal hormone secretion, germ cell development and maturation, erythroid differentiation, insulin secretion, nerve cell survival, embryonic axial development or bone growth, depending on their subunit composition. Inhibins appear to oppose the functions of activins.