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Aliases for IL33 Gene

Aliases for IL33 Gene

  • Interleukin 33 2 3
  • C9orf26 3 4 6
  • Nuclear Factor From High Endothelial Venules 3 4
  • Nuclear Factor For High Endothelial Venules 2 3
  • Interleukin-1 Family Member 11 3 4
  • DVS27-Related Protein 2 3
  • IL-1F11 3 4
  • NFEHEV 3 6
  • IL1F11 3 4
  • NF-HEV 3 4
  • IL-33 3 4
  • Chromosome 9 Open Reading Frame 26 (NF-HEV) 2
  • Interleukin-1 Family 2
  • Interleukin-33 3
  • Member 11 2
  • DVS27 3
  • NFHEV 4

External Ids for IL33 Gene

Previous Symbols for IL33 Gene

  • C9orf26

Summaries for IL33 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for IL33 Gene

  • IL33 (MIM 608678) is a member of the IL1 (see MIM 147760) family that potently drives production of T helper-2 (Th2)-associated cytokines (e.g., IL4; MIM 147780). IL33 is a ligand for IL33R (IL1RL1; MIM 601203), an IL1 family receptor that is selectively expressed on Th2 cells and mast cells (summary by Yagami et al., 2010 [PubMed 20926795]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011]

GeneCards Summary for IL33 Gene

IL33 (Interleukin 33) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL33 include allergic conjunctivitis. Among its related pathways are Influenza A and NOD-like Receptor Signaling Pathways. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL33 Gene

  • Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL1/ST2 receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells (PubMed:16286016). Involved in the maturation of Th2 cells inducing the secretion of T-helper type 2-associated cytokines. Also involved in activation of mast cells, basophils, eosinophils and natural killer cells. Acts as a chemoattractant for Th2 cells, and may function as an "alarmin", that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury (PubMed:17853410, PubMed:18836528).

  • In quiescent endothelia the uncleaved form is constitutively and abundantly expressed, and acts as a chromatin-associated nuclear factor with transcriptional repressor properties, it may sequester nuclear NF-kappaB/RELA, lowering expression of its targets (PubMed:21734074). This form is rapidely lost upon angiogenic or proinflammatory activation (PubMed:18787100).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for IL33 Gene

Genomics for IL33 Gene

Genomic Location for IL33 Gene

Start:
6,215,149 bp from pter
End:
6,257,983 bp from pter
Size:
42,835 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for IL33 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for IL33 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for IL33 Gene

Regulatory Elements for IL33 Gene

Proteins for IL33 Gene

  • Protein details for IL33 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O95760-IL33_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Interleukin-33
    Protein Accession:
    O95760
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R8L1
    • B4DJ35
    • B4E1Q9
    • D3DRI5
    • E7EAX4
    • Q2YEJ5

    Protein attributes for IL33 Gene

    Size:
    270 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    30759 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms a 1:1:1 heterotrimeric complex with its primary high-affinity receptor IL1RL1 and the coreceptor IL1RAP.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for IL33 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for IL33 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for IL33 Gene

Proteomics data for IL33 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for IL33 Gene

  • The full length protein can be released from cells and is able to signal via the IL1RL1/ST2 receptor. However, proteolytic processing by CSTG/cathepsin G and ELANE/neutrophil elastase produces C-terminal peptides that are more active than the unprocessed full length protein. May also be proteolytically processed by calpains (PubMed:19596270). Proteolytic cleavage mediated by apoptotic caspases including CASP3 and CASP7 results in IL33 inactivation (PubMed:19559631). In vitro proteolytic cleavage by CASP1 was reported (PubMed:16286016) but could not be confirmed in vivo (PubMed:19465481) suggesting that IL33 is probably not a direct substrate for that caspase.

Other Protein References for IL33 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for IL33 Gene

Domains for IL33 Gene

Gene Families for IL33 Gene

HGNC:
  • IL :Interleukins and interleukin receptors

Protein Domains for IL33 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

IL33_HUMAN
Domain:
  • The homeodomain-like HTH domain mediates nuclear localization and heterochromatin association:
    • O95760
Family:
  • Belongs to the IL-1 family. Highly divergent.:
    • O95760
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with IL33: view

Function for IL33 Gene

Molecular function for IL33 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL1/ST2 receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells (PubMed:16286016). Involved in the maturation of Th2 cells inducing the secretion of T-helper type 2-associated cytokines. Also involved in activation of mast cells, basophils, eosinophils and natural killer cells. Acts as a chemoattractant for Th2 cells, and may function as an "alarmin", that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury (PubMed:17853410, PubMed:18836528).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: In quiescent endothelia the uncleaved form is constitutively and abundantly expressed, and acts as a chromatin-associated nuclear factor with transcriptional repressor properties, it may sequester nuclear NF-kappaB/RELA, lowering expression of its targets (PubMed:21734074). This form is rapidely lost upon angiogenic or proinflammatory activation (PubMed:18787100).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for IL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IDA 19841166
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16286016
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL33: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with IL33: view

Animal Models for IL33 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for IL33:

miRNA for IL33 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target IL33

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for IL33 Gene

Localization for IL33 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL33 Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle. Secreted. Note=Associates with heterochromatin and mitotic chromosomes. Translocation from the nucleus occurs upon biomechanical strain, depends on an intact microtubule network, and is ATP-dependent.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for IL33 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for IL33 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for IL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005694 chromosome IEA --
GO:0030133 transport vesicle IEA --
GO:0031410 cytoplasmic vesicle --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL33: view

Pathways for IL33 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with IL33: view

Pathways by source for IL33 Gene

1 R&D Systems pathway for IL33 Gene
2 KEGG pathways for IL33 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for IL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002686 negative regulation of leukocyte migration IEA --
GO:0002826 negative regulation of T-helper 1 type immune response IEA --
GO:0002830 positive regulation of type 2 immune response IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0010628 positive regulation of gene expression --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL33: view

Transcripts for IL33 Gene

Unigene Clusters for IL33 Gene

Interleukin 33:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for IL33 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for IL33 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
IL33
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
IL33

Expression for IL33 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for IL33 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for IL33 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for IL33 Gene Hs.731660

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for IL33 Gene

O95760-IL33_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed at high level in high endothelial venules found in tonsils, Peyer patches and mesenteric lymph nodes. Almost undetectable in placenta.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with IL33: view

Orthologs for IL33 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for IL33 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia IL33 36
  • 99.75 (n)
  • 99.63 (a)
IL33 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia IL33 36
  • 77.69 (n)
  • 65.77 (a)
IL33 37
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia IL33 36
  • 76.95 (n)
  • 64.06 (a)
IL33 37
  • 58 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Il33 36
  • 69.99 (n)
  • 54.02 (a)
Il33 16
Il33 37
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Il33 36
  • 70.4 (n)
  • 54.83 (a)
Species with no ortholog for IL33:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for IL33 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for IL33 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for IL33 (if available)

Paralogs for IL33 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for IL33 Gene

Variants for IL33 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for IL33 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1375 -- 6,235,753(-) GTAAA(A/C)TATCT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs8172 -- 6,257,898(-) TATTG(C/T)ACAGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs885090 -- 6,250,690(+) CTCAC(A/T)CCAAG intron-variant
rs914602 -- 6,228,228(-) AAGTG(A/G)TCCTC intron-variant
rs928413 -- 6,213,387(+) GTTAC(A/G)AGAGC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for IL33 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv892157 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv831496 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv521598 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv892158 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv892159 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2674589 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for IL33 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
IL33
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
IL33

Disorders for IL33 Gene

(1) MalaCards Diseases for IL33 Gene

Search for IL33 Gene in MalaCards »

(3) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for IL33 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
inflammation 41.8 5
arthritis 19 2
sepsis 0 3

Relevant External Links for IL33

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
IL33
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
IL33
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with IL33: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL33 Gene

Publications for IL33 Gene

  1. Molecular characterization of NF-HEV, a nuclear factor preferentially expressed in human high endothelial venules. (PMID: 12819012) Baekkevold E.S. … Girard J.-P. (Am. J. Pathol. 2003) 2 3 4 23
  2. IL-33, an interleukin-1-like cytokine that signals via the IL-1 receptor-related protein ST 2 and induces T helper type 2-associated cytokines. (PMID: 16286016) Schmitz J. … Kastelein R.A. (Immunity 2005) 3 4 23
  3. IL-33, the IL-1-like cytokine ligand for ST2 receptor, is a chromatin-associated nuclear factor in vivo. (PMID: 17185418) Carriere V. … Girard J.P. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2007) 3 4 23
  4. The IL-1-like cytokine IL-33 is constitutively expressed in the nucleus of endothelial cells and epithelial cells in vivo: a novel 'alarmin'? (PMID: 18836528) Moussion C. … Girard J.P. (PLoS ONE 2008) 3 4 23
  5. Transcriptomic and genetic studies identify IL-33 as a candidate gene for Alzheimer's disease. (PMID: 19204726) Chapuis J. … Lambert J.C. (Mol. Psychiatry 2009) 3 23 49

Products for IL33 Gene

Sources for IL33 Gene

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