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Aliases for IL19 Gene

Aliases for IL19 Gene

  • Interleukin 19 2 3 5
  • Melanoma Differentiation Associated Protein-Like Protein 2 3
  • Melanoma Differentiation-Associated Protein-Like Protein 3 4
  • ZMDA1 3 4
  • NG.1 3 4
  • IL-10C 3
  • IL-19 4
  • MDA1 3

External Ids for IL19 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL19 Gene

  • GC01P205632
  • GC01P202682
  • GC01P203615
  • GC01P204055
  • GC01P203360
  • GC01P205038
  • GC01P206972
  • GC01P177670

Summaries for IL19 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for IL19 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a cytokine that belongs to the IL10 cytokine subfamily. This cytokine is found to be preferentially expressed in monocytes. It can bind the IL20 receptor complex and lead to the activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). A similar cytokine in mouse is reported to up-regulate the expression of IL6 and TNF-alpha and induce apoptosis, which suggests a role of this cytokine in inflammatory responses. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for IL19 Gene

IL19 (Interleukin 19) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL19 include Spongiotic Dermatitis. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and TGF-Beta Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity. An important paralog of this gene is IL24.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL19 Gene

  • May play some important roles in inflammatory responses. Up-regulates IL-6 and TNF-alpha and induces apoptosis (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for IL19 Gene

Genomics for IL19 Gene

Regulatory Elements for IL19 Gene

Enhancers for IL19 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around IL19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for IL19 Gene

206,798,870 bp from pter
206,842,981 bp from pter
44,112 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for IL19 Gene

Genes around IL19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
IL19 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for IL19 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for IL19 Gene

Proteins for IL19 Gene

  • Protein details for IL19 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B6VEV9
    • Q5VUT3
    • Q96QR4
    • Q9NUA0

    Protein attributes for IL19 Gene

    177 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20452 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for IL19 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for IL19 Gene


neXtProt entry for IL19 Gene

Proteomics data for IL19 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for IL19 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 56 and Asn 135

Other Protein References for IL19 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for IL19

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for IL19 Gene

Domains & Families for IL19 Gene

Gene Families for IL19 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for IL19 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the IL-10 family.
  • Belongs to the IL-10 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with IL19: view

Function for IL19 Gene

Molecular function for IL19 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play some important roles in inflammatory responses. Up-regulates IL-6 and TNF-alpha and induces apoptosis (By similarity).
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with IL19: view

Animal Models for IL19 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for IL19:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for IL19

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for IL19 Gene

Localization for IL19 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL19 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for IL19 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for IL19 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 2
chloroplast 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for IL19 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for IL19 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with IL19: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for IL19 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for IL19 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006955 immune response NAS 11196675
GO:0007165 signal transduction NAS 11196675
GO:0042226 interleukin-6 biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0046427 positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade IBA --
GO:0072593 reactive oxygen species metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL19: view

Drugs & Compounds for IL19 Gene

(2) Drugs for IL19 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for IL19 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with IL19: view

Transcripts for IL19 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for IL19 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(13) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for IL19 Gene

Interleukin 19:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for IL19 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for IL19 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for IL19 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for IL19 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for IL19 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (x13.8), Minor Salivary Gland (x13.2), and Stomach (x9.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for IL19 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Milk (53.4) and Cervix (15.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for IL19 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for IL19 Gene Hs.661017

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with IL19: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for IL19 Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for IL19 Gene

Orthologs for IL19 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for IL19 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia IL19 35
  • 83.43 (n)
  • 77.14 (a)
IL19 36
  • 52 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia IL19 35
  • 84.88 (n)
  • 76.74 (a)
IL19 36
  • 73 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Il19 35
  • 78.43 (n)
  • 70 (a)
Il19 16
Il19 36
  • 68 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia IL19 35
  • 97.98 (n)
  • 96.28 (a)
IL19 36
  • 96 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Il19 35
  • 77.91 (n)
  • 69.77 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia IL19 36
  • 55 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia IL19 36
  • 42 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves IL19 36
  • 42 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii il19l 36
  • 24 (a)
Species with no ortholog for IL19:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for IL19 Gene

Gene Tree for IL19 (if available)
Gene Tree for IL19 (if available)

Paralogs for IL19 Gene

Paralogs for IL19 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for IL19 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with IL19: view

Variants for IL19 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for IL19 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_013077 -
rs908703 -- 206,826,618(+) GTGAA(C/G)CCCTC intron-variant
rs908704 -- 206,826,715(+) CATCC(A/G)ATTTC intron-variant
rs1028181 -- 206,828,364(+) TATAG(C/T)TTCTT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1028182 -- 206,828,534(+) gatcc(C/T)ctttt intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for IL19 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1601718 CNV Insertion 17803354
esv997006 CNV Deletion 20482838

Variation tolerance for IL19 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 67.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.98; 20.22% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for IL19 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL19 Gene

Disorders for IL19 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for IL19 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
spongiotic dermatitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search IL19 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for IL19

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with IL19: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for IL19 Gene

Publications for IL19 Gene

  1. Cloning, expression and initial characterization of interleukin-19 (IL-19), a novel homolog of human interleukin-10 (IL-10). (PMID: 11196675) Gallagher G. … Kotenko S.V. (Genes Immun. 2000) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. IL-19 is involved in the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock. (PMID: 18246602) Hsing C.H. … Chang M.S. (Shock 2008) 3 23
  3. Expression and suppressive effects of interleukin-19 on vascular smooth muscle cell pathophysiology and development of intimal hyperplasia. (PMID: 18669613) Tian Y. … Autieri M.V. (Am. J. Pathol. 2008) 3 23
  4. The distribution of interleukin-19 in healthy and neoplastic tissue. (PMID: 18809337) Hsing C.H. … Chang M.S. (Cytokine 2008) 3 23
  5. Polymorphisms in the interleukin-10 gene cluster are possibly involved in the increased risk for major depressive disorder. (PMID: 19087313) Traks T. … KA/ks S. (BMC Med. Genet. 2008) 3 23

Products for IL19 Gene

Sources for IL19 Gene