External Ids for IGKV3D-20 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IGKV3D-20 Gene
GeneCards Summary for IGKV3D-20 Gene
IGKV3D-20 (Immunoglobulin Kappa Variable 3D-20) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include antigen binding. An important paralog of this gene is IGKV3-20.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IGKV3D-20 Gene
V region of the variable domain of immunoglobulin light chains that participates in the antigen recognition (PubMed:24600447). Immunoglobulins, also known as antibodies, are membrane-bound or secreted glycoproteins produced by B lymphocytes. In the recognition phase of humoral immunity, the membrane-bound immunoglobulins serve as receptors which, upon binding of a specific antigen, trigger the clonal expansion and differentiation of B lymphocytes into immunoglobulins-secreting plasma cells. Secreted immunoglobulins mediate the effector phase of humoral immunity, which results in the elimination of bound antigens (PubMed:20176268, PubMed:22158414). The antigen binding site is formed by the variable domain of one heavy chain, together with that of its associated light chain. Thus, each immunoglobulin has two antigen binding sites with remarkable affinity for a particular antigen. The variable domains are assembled by a process called V-(D)-J rearrangement and can then be subjected to somatic hypermutations which, after exposure to antigen and selection, allow affinity maturation for a particular antigen (PubMed:20176268, PubMed:17576170).