Aliases for IGKJ Gene
Immunoglobulins (Ig) are the antigen recognition molecules of B cells. An Ig molecule is made up of 2 identical heavy chains (see MIM 147100) and 2 identical light chains, either kappa or lambda (see MIM 147220), joined by disulfide bonds so that each heavy chain is linked to a light chain and the 2 heavy chains are linked together. The kappa and lambda light chains have no apparent functional differences. Each Ig kappa light chain has an N-terminal variable (V) region containing the antigen-binding site and a C-terminal constant (C) region, encoded by a C region gene (IGKC; MIM 147200), that provides signaling functions. The kappa light chain V region is encoded by 2 types of genes: V genes (see MIM 146980) and joining (J) genes. Random selection of just 1 gene of each type to assemble a V region accounts for the great diversity of V regions among Ig molecules. The kappa light chain locus on chromosome 2 contains approximately 40 functional V genes, followed by approximately 5 functional J genes. Due to polymorphism, the numbers of functional V and J genes differ among individuals (Janeway et al., 2005).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2008]
GeneCards Summary for IGKJ Gene
IGKJ (Immunoglobulin Kappa Joining Cluster) is an Uncategorized gene. Among its related pathways are Immune response Fc epsilon RI pathway and Immune response Role of DAP12 receptors in NK cells.