Aliases for ICAM1 Gene
External Ids for ICAM1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ICAM1 Gene
This gene encodes a cell surface glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system. It binds to integrins of type CD11a / CD18, or CD11b / CD18 and is also exploited by Rhinovirus as a receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ICAM1 Gene
ICAM1 (Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ICAM1 include malaria and leukostasis. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Immune System. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity and protein complex binding. An important paralog of this gene is ICAM4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ICAM1 Gene
ICAM proteins are ligands for the leukocyte adhesion protein LFA-1 (integrin alpha-L/beta-2). During leukocyte trans-endothelial migration, ICAM1 engagement promotes the assembly of endothelial apical cups through ARHGEF26/SGEF and RHOG activation.
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for major receptor group rhinovirus A-B capsid proteins (PubMed:1968231, PubMed:2538243). Acts as a receptor for Coxsackievirus A21 capsid proteins (PubMed:11160747, PubMed:16004874, PubMed:9539703). Upon Kaposis sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 infection, is degraded by viral E3 ubiquitin ligase MIR2, presumably to prevent lysis of infected cells by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and NK cell (PubMed:11413168).
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are a large family of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the binding of a cell to another cell or to the extracellular matrix. They have roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, trafficking, apoptosis and tissue architecture.