Aliases for ICAM1 Gene
External Ids for ICAM1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ICAM1 Gene
This gene encodes a cell surface glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system. It binds to integrins of type CD11a / CD18, or CD11b / CD18 and is also exploited by Rhinovirus as a receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ICAM1 Gene
ICAM1 (Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ICAM1 include Malaria and Leukostasis. Among its related pathways are Immune response CCR3 signaling in eosinophils and Immunoregulatory interactions between a Lymphoid and a non-Lymphoid cell. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity and protein complex binding. An important paralog of this gene is ICAM5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ICAM1 Gene
ICAM proteins are ligands for the leukocyte adhesion protein LFA-1 (integrin alpha-L/beta-2). During leukocyte trans-endothelial migration, ICAM1 engagement promotes the assembly of endothelial apical cups through ARHGEF26/SGEF and RHOG activation.
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for major receptor group rhinovirus A-B capsid proteins (PubMed:1968231, PubMed:2538243). Acts as a receptor for Coxsackievirus A21 capsid proteins (PubMed:11160747, PubMed:16004874, PubMed:9539703). Upon Kaposis sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 infection, is degraded by viral E3 ubiquitin ligase MIR2, presumably to prevent lysis of infected cells by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and NK cell (PubMed:11413168).
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are a large family of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the binding of a cell to another cell or to the extracellular matrix. They have roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, trafficking, apoptosis and tissue architecture.