Aliases for HNRNPU Gene
External Ids for HNRNPU Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for HNRNPU Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HNRNPU Gene
This gene belongs to the subfamily of ubiquitously expressed heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs). The hnRNPs are RNA binding proteins and they form complexes with heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA). These proteins are associated with pre-mRNAs in the nucleus and appear to influence pre-mRNA processing and other aspects of mRNA metabolism and transport. While all of the hnRNPs are present in the nucleus, some seem to shuttle between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The hnRNP proteins have distinct nucleic acid binding properties. The protein encoded by this gene contains a RNA binding domain and scaffold-associated region (SAR)-specific bipartite DNA-binding domain. This protein is also thought to be involved in the packaging of hnRNA into large ribonucleoprotein complexes. During apoptosis, this protein is cleaved in a caspase-dependent way. Cleavage occurs at the SALD site, resulting in a loss of DNA-binding activity and a concomitant detachment of this protein from nuclear structural sites. But this cleavage does not affect the function of the encoded protein in RNA metabolism. At least two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for HNRNPU Gene
HNRNPU (Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein U (Scaffold Attachment Factor A)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HNRNPU include diffuse gastric cancer. Among its related pathways are mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway and Gene Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HNRNPUL2-BSCL2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HNRNPU Gene
Component of the CRD-mediated complex that promotes MYC mRNA stabilization. Binds to pre-mRNA. Has high affinity for scaffold-attached region (SAR) DNA. Binds to double- and single-stranded DNA and RNA. Plays a role in the circadian regulation of the core clock component ARNTL/BMAL1 transcription (By similarity).