Aliases for HIST4H4 Gene
External Ids for HIST4H4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST4H4 Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H4 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for HIST4H4 Gene
HIST4H4 (Histone Cluster 4, H4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HIST4H4 include fragile x syndrome. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and histone binding. An important paralog of this gene is HIST1H4C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST4H4 Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.