External Ids for HIST2H2BF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST2H2BF Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. This structure consists of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a nucleosome, an octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2B family and is found in a histone cluster on chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for HIST2H2BF Gene
HIST2H2BF (Histone Cluster 2, H2bf) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening and Chromatin organization. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is HIST1H2BN.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST2H2BF Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling