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Aliases for HIST1H4B Gene

Aliases for HIST1H4B Gene

  • Histone Cluster 1, H4b 2 3
  • H4FI 3 4 6
  • H4 Histone Family, Member I 2 3
  • Histone 1, H4b 2 3
  • H4/I 3 4
  • HIST1H4A HIST1H4B HIST1H4C HIST1H4D HIST1H4E HIST1H4F HIST1H4H HIST1H4I HIST1H4J HIST1H4K HIST1H4L HIST2H4A HIST2H4B HIST4H4 4
  • Histone H4 3
  • HIST2H4 4
  • H4/G 4
  • H4FG 4
  • H4/A 4
  • H4/B 4
  • H4/C 4
  • H4/D 4
  • H4/E 4
  • H4/H 4
  • H4/J 4
  • H4/K 4
  • H4/M 4
  • H4/N 4
  • H4/O 4
  • H4F2 4
  • H4FA 4
  • H4FB 4
  • H4FC 4
  • H4FD 4
  • H4FE 4
  • H4FH 4
  • H4FJ 4
  • H4FK 4
  • H4FM 4
  • H4FN 4
  • H4FO 4

External Ids for HIST1H4B Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for HIST1H4B Gene

  • H4FI

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST1H4B Gene

  • GC06M026084
  • GC06M026135
  • GC06M025971

Summaries for HIST1H4B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HIST1H4B Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H4 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for HIST1H4B Gene

HIST1H4B (Histone Cluster 1, H4b) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Disease and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4B Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

Gene Wiki entry for HIST1H4B Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HIST1H4B Gene

Genomics for HIST1H4B Gene

Regulatory Elements for HIST1H4B Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for HIST1H4B Gene

Start:
26,026,815 bp from pter
End:
26,027,252 bp from pter
Size:
438 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HIST1H4B Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HIST1H4B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HIST1H4B Gene

Proteins for HIST1H4B Gene

  • Protein details for HIST1H4B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P62805-H4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H4
    Protein Accession:
    P62805
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2VCL0
    • P02304
    • P02305
    • Q6DRA9
    • Q6FGB8
    • Q6NWP7

    Protein attributes for HIST1H4B Gene

    Size:
    103 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    11367 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAI28106.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=3; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HIST1H4B Gene

neXtProt entry for HIST1H4B Gene

Proteomics data for HIST1H4B Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HIST1H4B Gene

  • Acetylation at Lys-6 (H4K5ac), Lys-9 (H4K8ac), Lys-13 (H4K12ac) and Lys-17 (H4K16ac) occurs in coding regions of the genome but not in heterochromatin.
  • Citrullination at Arg-4 (H4R3ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation.
  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Monomethylated, dimethylated or trimethylated at Lys-21 (H4K20me1, H4K20me2, H4K20me3). Monomethylation is performed by SET8. Trimethylation is performed by SUV420H1 and SUV420H2 and induces gene silencing
  • Monomethylation and asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-4 (H4R3me1 and H4R3me2a, respectively) by PRMT1 favors acetylation at Lys-9 (H4K8ac) and Lys-13 (H4K12ac). Demethylation is performed by JMJD6. Symmetric dimethylation on Arg-4 (H4R3me2s) by the PRDM1/PRMT5 complex may play a crucial role in the germ-cell lineage.
  • Phosphorylated by PAK2 at Ser-48 (H4S47ph). This phosphorylation increases the association of H3.3-H4 with the histone chaperone HIRA, thus promoting nucleosome assembly of H3.3-H4 and inhibiting nucleosome assembly of H3.1-H4.
  • Sumoylated, which is associated with transcriptional repression.
  • Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins. Monoubiquitinated at Lys-92 of histone H4 (H4K91ub1) in response to DNA damage. The exact role of H4K91ub1 in DNA damage response is still unclear but it may function as a licensing signal for additional histone H4 post-translational modifications such as H4 Lys-21 methylation (H4K20me).
  • Ubiquitination at Lys32, Lys60, Lys78, and Lys80
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for HIST1H4B Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HIST1H4B Gene

Domains for HIST1H4B Gene

Gene Families for HIST1H4B Gene

HGNC:
  • HIST :Histones / Replication-dependent

Protein Domains for HIST1H4B Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P62805

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H4_HUMAN :
  • P62805
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H4 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HIST1H4B: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HIST1H4B Gene

Function for HIST1H4B Gene

Molecular function for HIST1H4B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HIST1H4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding TAS 3035717
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10220385
GO:0035575 histone demethylase activity (H4-K20 specific) TAS --
GO:0042393 histone binding IPI 20498094
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4B: view

Phenotypes for HIST1H4B Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for HIST1H4B:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HIST1H4B: view

miRNA for HIST1H4B Gene

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HIST1H4B

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for HIST1H4B Gene

Localization for HIST1H4B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4B Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for HIST1H4B Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HIST1H4B gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 4
extracellular 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HIST1H4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000228 nuclear chromosome IDA 14718166
GO:0000786 nucleosome TAS 3035717
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 14585971
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4B: view

Pathways for HIST1H4B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HIST1H4B: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HIST1H4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000183 chromatin silencing at rDNA TAS --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance TAS --
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4B: view

Transcripts for HIST1H4B Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HIST1H4B Gene

(8) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HIST1H4B Gene

Histone cluster 1, H4b:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HIST1H4B

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for HIST1H4B
  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HIST1H4B Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HIST1H4B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HIST1H4B
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HIST1H4B

Expression for HIST1H4B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HIST1H4B Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for HIST1H4B Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HIST1H4B Gene Hs.143080

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HIST1H4B: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HIST1H4B Gene

Orthologs for HIST1H4B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for HIST1H4B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC462507 35
  • 83.17 (n)
  • 100 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC529647 35
  • 79.94 (n)
  • 100 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hist1h4b 16
Hist4h4 35
  • 81.23 (n)
  • 100 (a)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hist2h4 35
  • 82.85 (n)
  • 100 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HIST1H46L3 35
  • 82.2 (n)
  • 100 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100496758 35
  • 80.91 (n)
  • 100 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100332668 35
  • 80.91 (n)
  • 100 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta His4:CG33871 35
  • 79.29 (n)
  • 99.03 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HHF1 38
Species with no ortholog for HIST1H4B:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for HIST1H4B Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HIST1H4B (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HIST1H4B (if available)

Paralogs for HIST1H4B Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for HIST1H4B Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HIST1H4B: view

No data available for Paralogs for HIST1H4B Gene

Variants for HIST1H4B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HIST1H4B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1540276 -- 26,028,591(-) ATTTA(A/C)GAATG upstream-variant-2KB
rs3752419 -- 26,027,205(-) GGTGC(C/T)AAGCG reference, synonymous-codon
rs3752420 -- 26,026,907(-) CTTTT(C/T)AGGGC utr-variant-3-prime
rs28688702 -- 26,027,232(+) TTACC(A/G)CCTTT reference, synonymous-codon
rs56051828 -- 26,027,998(+) TTCTC(A/C/T)TGTTA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HIST1H4B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428137 CNV Loss 18775914
nsv509122 CNV Insertion 20534489

Relevant External Links for HIST1H4B Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
HIST1H4B

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4B Gene

Disorders for HIST1H4B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

H4_HUMAN
  • Note=Chromosomal aberrations involving HISTONE H4 is a cause of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-cell NHL). Translocation t(3;6)(q27;p21), with BCL6.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for HIST1H4B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HIST1H4B: view

Publications for HIST1H4B Gene

  1. The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. (PMID: 12408966) Marzluff W.F. … Maltais L.J. (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4
  2. Human histone gene organization: nonregular arrangement within a large cluster. (PMID: 9119399) Albig W. … Doenecke D. (Genomics 1997) 2 3 4
  3. Isolation and characterization of two human H1 histone genes within clusters of core histone genes. (PMID: 1916825) Albig W. … Doenecke D. (Genomics 1991) 3 4
  4. Protein-DNA interactions in vivo upstream of a cell cycle-regulated human H4 histone gene. (PMID: 3035717) Pauli U. … Nick H. (Science 1987) 3 4
  5. The human histone gene cluster at the D6S105 locus. (PMID: 9439656) Albig W. … Doenecke D. (Hum. Genet. 1997) 3 4

Products for HIST1H4B Gene

Sources for HIST1H4B Gene

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