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Aliases for HIST1H3G Gene

Aliases for HIST1H3G Gene

  • Histone Cluster 1 H3 Family Member G 2 3 5
  • H3 Histone Family, Member H 2 3
  • Histone Cluster 1, H3g 2 3
  • Histone 1, H3g 2 3
  • Histone H3/H 3 4
  • H3FH 3 4
  • HIST1H3A HIST1H3B HIST1H3C HIST1H3D HIST1H3E HIST1H3F HIST1H3G HIST1H3H HIST1H3I HIST1H3J 4
  • Histone H3.1 3
  • Histone H3/A 4
  • Histone H3/B 4
  • Histone H3/C 4
  • Histone H3/D 4
  • Histone H3/F 4
  • Histone H3/I 4
  • Histone H3/J 4
  • Histone H3/K 4
  • Histone H3/L 4
  • H3FA 4
  • H3FB 4
  • H3FC 4
  • H3FD 4
  • H3FF 4
  • H3FI 4
  • H3FJ 4
  • H3FK 4
  • H3FL 4
  • H3/H 3

External Ids for HIST1H3G Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for HIST1H3G Gene

  • H3FH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST1H3G Gene

  • GC06M026327
  • GC06M026379
  • GC06M026271
  • GC06M026214

Summaries for HIST1H3G Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HIST1H3G Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H3 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for HIST1H3G Gene

HIST1H3G (Histone Cluster 1 H3 Family Member G) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 and Meiosis. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and histone binding. An important paralog of this gene is HIST1H3H.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H3G Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

Gene Wiki entry for HIST1H3G Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HIST1H3G Gene

Genomics for HIST1H3G Gene

Regulatory Elements for HIST1H3G Gene

Enhancers for HIST1H3G Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06G026309 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 -40.0 -40026 4.9 CREB3L1 MLX DMAP1 FEZF1 YBX1 YY1 ZNF143 NFYC TBX21 MEF2D BTN3A2 HIST1H4H ABT1 HIST1H3E GUSBP2 ZNF322 HIST1H2APS4 HIST1H3G TRIM38 HIST1H2APS3
GH06G026303 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 -32.9 -32932 2.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS ABT1 HIST1H3E HIST1H2APS4 HIST1H3G TRIM38 HIST1H2APS3 HIST1H4G HIST1H2BE LARP1P1 BTN1A1
GH06G026294 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.2 -24.6 -24610 3.2 HDGF HNRNPUL1 FOXA2 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 HMGN4 HIST1H3E HIST1H2APS4 HIST1H3G HIST1H2BH HIST1H2BD HIST1H1E HIST1H4G HIST1H2BE LARP1P1
GH06G026330 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 -59.6 -59612 2.7 CREB3L1 MLX DMAP1 SLC30A9 MEF2D ZNF610 RCOR2 NR2C1 NBN KDM1A HMGN4 BTN3A2 ABT1 HIST1H4H BTN1A1 HIST1H3G HIST1H2APS4 HIST1H3E TRX-CAT1-4 TRW-CCA3-2
GH06G026193 1.5 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.7 +71.0 71024 14.6 CREB3L1 MLX AGO1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC ABT1 BTN3A2 HIST1H3E HMGN4 HIST1H2AE HIST1H2BE LARP1P1 HIST1H2APS3 HIST1H2BD HIST1H1E
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around HIST1H3G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for HIST1H3G Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000195013 -485 4601 HDGF ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 YY1 ETS1 CBX5 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS

Genomic Location for HIST1H3G Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
26,269,405 bp from pter
End:
26,271,815 bp from pter
Size:
2,411 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HIST1H3G Gene

Genes around HIST1H3G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HIST1H3G Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HIST1H3G Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HIST1H3G Gene

Proteins for HIST1H3G Gene

  • Protein details for HIST1H3G Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P68431-H31_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H3.1
    Protein Accession:
    P68431
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0PJT7
    • A5PLR1
    • P02295
    • P02296
    • P16106
    • Q6ISV8
    • Q6NWP8
    • Q6NWP9
    • Q6NXU4
    • Q71DJ3
    • Q93081

    Protein attributes for HIST1H3G Gene

    Size:
    136 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15404 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.
    Miscellaneous:
    • This histone is only present in mammals and is enriched in acetylation of Lys-15 and dimethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me2).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HIST1H3G Gene

neXtProt entry for HIST1H3G Gene

Post-translational modifications for HIST1H3G Gene

  • Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me). Acetylation at Lys-123 (H3K122ac) by EP300/p300 plays a central role in chromatin structure: localizes at the surface of the histone octamer and stimulates transcription, possibly by promoting nucleosome instability.
  • Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3 of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
  • Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Lysine deamination at Lys-5 (H3K4all) to form allysine is mediated by LOXL2. Allysine formation by LOXL2 only takes place on H3K4me3 and results in gene repression (PubMed:22483618).
  • Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at Lys-120. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Monomethylation at Lys-57 (H3K56me1) by EHMT2/G9A in G1 phase promotes interaction with PCNA and is required for DNA replication.
  • Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by chromatin-associated CHEK1 regulates the transcription of cell cycle regulatory genes by modulating acetylation of Lys-10 (H3K9ac). Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
  • Ubiquitination at posLast=116116
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for HIST1H3G Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HIST1H3G Gene

Domains & Families for HIST1H3G Gene

Gene Families for HIST1H3G Gene

Protein Domains for HIST1H3G Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P68431

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H31_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the histone H3 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H3 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HIST1H3G: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HIST1H3G Gene

Function for HIST1H3G Gene

Molecular function for HIST1H3G Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HIST1H3G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10949293
GO:0042393 histone binding IPI 20498094
GO:0045296 cadherin binding IDA 25468996
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H3G: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HIST1H3G: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HIST1H3G Gene

Localization for HIST1H3G Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HIST1H3G gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HIST1H3G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000228 nuclear chromosome IDA 14718166
GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region IDA 19135898
GO:0000786 nucleosome IDA 21636898
GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome IDA 20498094
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H3G: view

Pathways & Interactions for HIST1H3G Gene

SuperPathways for HIST1H3G Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3
2 Cellular Senescence
3 Cell Cycle, Mitotic
.60
4 Chromatin organization
5 Mitotic Prophase
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HIST1H3G: view

Interacting Proteins for HIST1H3G Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: P68431-H31_HUMAN for HIST1H3G Gene via MINT UniProtKB IID

Symbol External ID(s) Details
SGF29
AIRE
CBX1
CBX5
WDR5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HIST1H3G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000183 chromatin silencing at rDNA TAS --
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly IMP 25615412
GO:0006335 DNA replication-dependent nucleosome assembly IDA 14718166
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H3G: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for HIST1H3G Gene

Transcripts for HIST1H3G Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HIST1H3G Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(0) Additional mRNA sequences :
-
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HIST1H3G Gene

Histone cluster 1, H3g:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HIST1H3G Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HIST1H3G Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HIST1H3G
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HIST1H3G

Expression for HIST1H3G Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for HIST1H3G Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HIST1H3G Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x6.0), Colon - Transverse (x5.2), and Spleen (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HIST1H3G Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (41.5), Urine (13.4), and Cervix (9.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for HIST1H3G Gene