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Aliases for HIST1H2BK Gene

Aliases for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • Histone Cluster 1, H2bk 2 3
  • H2B Histone Family, Member T 2 3
  • HIRA-Interacting Protein 1 3 4
  • Histone 1, H2bk 2 3
  • H2B K 3 4
  • H2BFT 3 4
  • H2BK 3 6
  • Histone Family Member 3
  • Histone H2B Type 1-K 3
  • H2BFAiii 3
  • HIRIP1 4
  • H2B/S 3

External Ids for HIST1H2BK Gene

Previous Symbols for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • H2BFT

Summaries for HIST1H2BK Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene encodes a member of the histone H2B family. The protein encoded is an antimicrobial protein with antibacterial and antifungal activity. This gene is found in the histone microcluster on chromosome 6p21.33. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

GeneCards Summary for HIST1H2BK Gene

HIST1H2BK (Histone Cluster 1, H2bk) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Disease and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is HIST1H2BN.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

  • Has broad antibacterial activity. May contribute to the formation of the functional antimicrobial barrier of the colonic epithelium, and to the bactericidal activity of amniotic fluid

Gene Wiki entry for HIST1H2BK Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HIST1H2BK Gene

Genomics for HIST1H2BK Gene

Genomic Location for HIST1H2BK Gene

Start:
27,138,293 bp from pter
End:
27,146,858 bp from pter
Size:
8,566 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HIST1H2BK Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HIST1H2BK Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HIST1H2BK Gene

Regulatory Elements for HIST1H2BK Gene

Proteins for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • Protein details for HIST1H2BK Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O60814-H2B1K_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2B type 1-K
    Protein Accession:
    O60814
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K7P7
    • Q2VPI7

    Protein attributes for HIST1H2BK Gene

    Size:
    126 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    13890 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HIST1H2BK Gene

neXtProt entry for HIST1H2BK Gene

Proteomics data for HIST1H2BK Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HIST1H2BK Gene

  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • GlcNAcylation at Ser-113 promotes monoubiquitination of Lys-121. It fluctuates in response to extracellular glucose, and associates with transcribed genes (By similarity).
  • Monoubiquitination at Lys-35 (H2BK34Ub) by the MSL1/MSL2 dimer is required for histone H3 Lys-4 (H3K4me) and Lys-79 (H3K79me) methylation and transcription activation at specific gene loci, such as HOXA9 and MEIS1 loci. Similarly, monoubiquitination at Lys-121 (H2BK120Ub) by the RNF20/40 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation and is also prerequisite for histone H3 Lys-4 and Lys-79 methylation. It also functions cooperatively with the FACT dimer to stimulate elongation by RNA polymerase II. H2BK120Ub also acts as a regulator of mRNA splicing: deubiquitination by USP49 is required for efficient cotranscriptional splicing of a large set of exons.
  • Phosphorylation at Ser-37 (H2BS36ph) by AMPK in response to stress promotes transcription (By similarity). Phosphorylated on Ser-15 (H2BS14ph) by STK4/MST1 during apoptosis; which facilitates apoptotic chromatin condensation. Also phosphorylated on Ser-15 in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), and in correlation with somatic hypermutation and immunoglobulin class-switch recombination.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys6, Lys44, Lys47, Lys58, Lys109, Lys117, and Lys121
  • Glycosylation at Ser113

Other Protein References for HIST1H2BK Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HIST1H2BK Gene

Domains for HIST1H2BK Gene

Gene Families for HIST1H2BK Gene

HGNC:
  • HIST :Histones / Replication-dependent

Protein Domains for HIST1H2BK Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H2B1K_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H2B family.:
    • O60814
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HIST1H2BK: view

Function for HIST1H2BK Gene

Molecular function for HIST1H2BK Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Has broad antibacterial activity. May contribute to the formation of the functional antimicrobial barrier of the colonic epithelium, and to the bactericidal activity of amniotic fluid

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HIST1H2BK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IBA --
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding --
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BK: view

Phenotypes for HIST1H2BK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HIST1H2BK: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for HIST1H2BK Gene

Localization for HIST1H2BK Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BK Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for HIST1H2BK Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HIST1H2BK gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HIST1H2BK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000786 nucleosome --
GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome IBA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 12860195
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 16319397
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BK: view

Pathways for HIST1H2BK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HIST1H2BK: view

Pathways by source for HIST1H2BK Gene

29 Reactome pathways for HIST1H2BK Gene
3 KEGG pathways for HIST1H2BK Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HIST1H2BK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002227 innate immune response in mucosa IDA 12860195
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly IBA --
GO:0019731 antibacterial humoral response IDA 12860195
GO:0050830 defense response to Gram-positive bacterium IDA 12860195
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BK: view

Transcripts for HIST1H2BK Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HIST1H2BK Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(7) Additional mRNA sequences :
(253) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HIST1H2BK Gene

Histone cluster 1, H2bk:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HIST1H2BK Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HIST1H2BK Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HIST1H2BK
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HIST1H2BK

Expression for HIST1H2BK Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HIST1H2BK Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HIST1H2BK Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (10.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for HIST1H2BK Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HIST1H2BK Gene Hs.437275

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HIST1H2BK: view

Orthologs for HIST1H2BK Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for HIST1H2BK Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HIST1H2BK 36
  • 99.47 (n)
  • 100 (a)
HIST1H2BK 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HIST1H2BK 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
HIST1H2BM 36
  • 90.74 (n)
  • 98.41 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HIST1H2BK 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
LOC488303 36
  • 92.86 (n)
  • 100 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hist1h2bk 36
  • 92.06 (n)
  • 99.21 (a)
Hist1h2bk 16
Hist1h2bk 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 91 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hist1h2bk 36
  • 90.74 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Species with no ortholog for HIST1H2BK:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for HIST1H2BK Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HIST1H2BK (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HIST1H2BK (if available)

Paralogs for HIST1H2BK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HIST1H2BK: view

Variants for HIST1H2BK Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HIST1H2BK Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2021278 -- 27,143,211(-) ccatg(C/G)ctggc intron-variant
rs2393916 -- 27,141,044(+) TCAAT(C/T)TGGGG intron-variant
rs3999103 -- 27,140,769(+) TTCCC(A/G)CTTTC intron-variant
rs3999104 -- 27,140,777(+) TTCCT(C/T)GGAAT intron-variant
rs3999105 -- 27,141,032(+) GAGCT(A/G)CAGGC intron-variant

Relevant External Links for HIST1H2BK Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
HIST1H2BK

No data available for Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HIST1H2BK Gene

Disorders for HIST1H2BK Gene

No disorders were found for HIST1H2BK Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BK Gene

Publications for HIST1H2BK Gene

  1. The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. (PMID: 12408966) Marzluff W.F. … Maltais L.J. (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4
  2. Antimicrobial polypeptides of the human colonic epithelium. (PMID: 15019208) Howell S.J. … Bevins C.L. (Peptides 2003) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. Apoptotic phosphorylation of histone H2B is mediated by mammalian sterile twenty kinase. (PMID: 12757711) Cheung W.L. … Allis C.D. (Cell 2003) 3 4
  5. Antimicrobial peptides in the first line defence of human colon mucosa. (PMID: 12860195) Tollin M. … Agerberth B. (Peptides 2003) 3 4

Products for HIST1H2BK Gene

Sources for HIST1H2BK Gene

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