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Aliases for HIST1H2BG Gene

Aliases for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • Histone Cluster 1, H2bg 2 3
  • H2BFA 3 4 6
  • H2B Histone Family, Member A 2 3
  • Histone H2B.1 A 3 4
  • Histone 1, H2bg 2 3
  • Histone H2B.A 3 4
  • H2B/A 3 4
  • HIST1H2BC HIST1H2BE HIST1H2BF HIST1H2BG HIST1H2BI 4
  • Histone H2B Type 1-C/E/F/G/I 3
  • Histone H2B.G 4
  • Histone H2B.H 4
  • Histone H2B.K 4
  • Histone H2B.L 4
  • DJ221C16.8 3
  • H2B.1A 3
  • H2BFK 4
  • H2B/K 4
  • H2B/G 4
  • H2B/H 4
  • H2B/L 4
  • H2BFG 4
  • H2BFH 4
  • H2BFL 4

External Ids for HIST1H2BG Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • H2BFA

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • GC06M026273
  • GC06M026324
  • GC06M026159

Summaries for HIST1H2BG Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. The protein has antibacterial and antifungal antimicrobial activity. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H2B family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

GeneCards Summary for HIST1H2BG Gene

HIST1H2BG (Histone Cluster 1, H2bg) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Disease and Cell Cycle, Mitotic.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

  • Has broad antibacterial activity. May contribute to the formation of the functional antimicrobial barrier of the colonic epithelium, and to the bactericidal activity of amniotic fluid

Gene Wiki entry for HIST1H2BG Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HIST1H2BG Gene

Genomics for HIST1H2BG Gene

Regulatory Elements for HIST1H2BG Gene

Genomic Location for HIST1H2BG Gene

Start:
26,216,066 bp from pter
End:
26,216,692 bp from pter
Size:
627 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HIST1H2BG Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HIST1H2BG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HIST1H2BG Gene

Proteins for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • Protein details for HIST1H2BG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P62807-H2B1C_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I
    Protein Accession:
    P62807
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P02278
    • Q3B872
    • Q4VB69
    • Q93078
    • Q93080

    Protein attributes for HIST1H2BG Gene

    Size:
    126 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    13906 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA

neXtProt entry for HIST1H2BG Gene

Proteomics data for HIST1H2BG Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HIST1H2BG Gene

  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • GlcNAcylation at Ser-113 promotes monoubiquitination of Lys-121. It fluctuates in response to extracellular glucose, and associates with transcribed genes
  • Monoubiquitination at Lys-35 (H2BK34Ub) by the MSL1/MSL2 dimer is required for histone H3 Lys-4 (H3K4me) and Lys-79 (H3K79me) methylation and transcription activation at specific gene loci, such as HOXA9 and MEIS1 loci. Similarly, monoubiquitination at Lys-121 (H2BK120Ub) by the RNF20/40 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation and is also prerequisite for histone H3 Lys-4 and Lys-79 methylation. It also functions cooperatively with the FACT dimer to stimulate elongation by RNA polymerase II. H2BK120Ub also acts as a regulator of mRNA splicing: deubiquitination by USP49 is required for efficient cotranscriptional splicing of a large set of exons.
  • Phosphorylation at Ser-37 (H2BS36ph) by AMPK in response to stress promotes transcription (By similarity). Phosphorylated on Ser-15 (H2BS14ph) by STK4/MST1 during apoptosis; which facilitates apoptotic chromatin condensation. Also phosphorylated on Ser-15 in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), and in correlation with somatic hypermutation and immunoglobulin class-switch recombination.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys6, Lys44, Lys47, Lys58, Lys109, Lys117, and Lys121
  • Glycosylation at Ser113
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for HIST1H2BG Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HIST1H2BG Gene

Domains for HIST1H2BG Gene

Gene Families for HIST1H2BG Gene

HGNC:
  • HIST :Histones / Replication-dependent

Protein Domains for HIST1H2BG Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HIST1H2BG Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P62807

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H2B1C_HUMAN :
  • P62807
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H2B family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HIST1H2BG: view

Function for HIST1H2BG Gene

Molecular function for HIST1H2BG Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Has broad antibacterial activity. May contribute to the formation of the functional antimicrobial barrier of the colonic epithelium, and to the bactericidal activity of amniotic fluid

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HIST1H2BG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding NAS 422550
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding --
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BG: view

Phenotypes for HIST1H2BG Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for HIST1H2BG:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HIST1H2BG: view

miRNA for HIST1H2BG Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target HIST1H2BG

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for HIST1H2BG Gene

Localization for HIST1H2BG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BG Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for HIST1H2BG Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HIST1H2BG gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HIST1H2BG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000786 nucleosome NAS 422550
GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome IBA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 12860195
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BG: view

Pathways for HIST1H2BG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HIST1H2BG: view

Pathways by source for HIST1H2BG Gene

29 Reactome pathways for HIST1H2BG Gene
3 KEGG pathways for HIST1H2BG Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for HIST1H2BG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HIST1H2BG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002227 innate immune response in mucosa IDA 12860195
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly NAS 422550
GO:0019731 antibacterial humoral response IDA 12860195
GO:0050830 defense response to Gram-positive bacterium IDA 12860195
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H2BG: view

Transcripts for HIST1H2BG Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HIST1H2BG Gene

(38) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HIST1H2BG Gene

Histone cluster 1, H2bg:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HIST1H2BG Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HIST1H2BG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HIST1H2BG
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HIST1H2BG

Expression for HIST1H2BG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HIST1H2BG Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HIST1H2BG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix - Ectocervix (7.4), Whole Blood (5.2), and Vagina (4.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for HIST1H2BG Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HIST1H2BG Gene Hs.591809

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HIST1H2BG: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HIST1H2BG Gene

Orthologs for HIST1H2BG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for HIST1H2BG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC100610052 35
  • 89.95 (n)
  • 100 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC787465 35
  • 86.51 (n)
  • 100 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC611482 35
  • 88.62 (n)
  • 100 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hist1h2bf 35
  • 88.62 (n)
  • 99.21 (a)
Hist1h2bg 16
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hist1h2bf 35
  • 87.57 (n)
  • 99.21 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AEL002W 35
  • 66.67 (n)
  • 75 (a)
Species with no ortholog for HIST1H2BG:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for HIST1H2BG Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HIST1H2BG (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HIST1H2BG (if available)

Paralogs for HIST1H2BG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HIST1H2BG: view

No data available for Paralogs for HIST1H2BG Gene

Variants for HIST1H2BG Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HIST1H2BG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs71557325 -- 26,218,508(+) TGTTT(C/T)TACTA upstream-variant-2KB
rs78827412 -- 26,218,129(+) CTCAA(A/C)AAAAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs79199679 -- 26,218,148(+) AAAAA(A/G)ACTAC upstream-variant-2KB
rs112904335 -- 26,218,473(+) AGTTC(A/G)AGGCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs113189571 -- 26,218,608(+) GGAGG(A/C)GGGGG upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HIST1H2BG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428137 CNV Loss 18775914
nsv883490 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for HIST1H2BG Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
HIST1H2BG

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BG Gene

Disorders for HIST1H2BG Gene

No disorders were found for HIST1H2BG Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BG Gene

Publications for HIST1H2BG Gene

  1. Isolation and characterization of two human H1 histone genes within clusters of core histone genes. (PMID: 1916825) Albig W. … Doenecke D. (Genomics 1991) 2 3 4
  2. The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. (PMID: 12408966) Marzluff W.F. … Maltais L.J. (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4
  3. Antimicrobial polypeptides of the human colonic epithelium. (PMID: 15019208) Howell S.J. … Bevins C.L. (Peptides 2003) 3 4
  4. Apoptotic phosphorylation of histone H2B is mediated by mammalian sterile twenty kinase. (PMID: 12757711) Cheung W.L. … Allis C.D. (Cell 2003) 3 4
  5. Antimicrobial peptides in the first line defence of human colon mucosa. (PMID: 12860195) Tollin M. … Agerberth B. (Peptides 2003) 3 4

Products for HIST1H2BG Gene

Sources for HIST1H2BG Gene

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