Aliases for HIST1H2BG Gene
External Ids for HIST1H2BG Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for HIST1H2BG Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST1H2BG Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. The protein has antibacterial and antifungal antimicrobial activity. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2B family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for HIST1H2BG Gene
HIST1H2BG (Histone Cluster 1, H2bg) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is HIST1H2BH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H2BG Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
Has broad antibacterial activity. May contribute to the formation of the functional antimicrobial barrier of the colonic epithelium, and to the bactericidal activity of amniotic fluid.