Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for HFE2 Gene

Aliases for HFE2 Gene

  • Hemochromatosis Type 2 (Juvenile) 2 3 5
  • Hemochromatosis Type 2 Protein 3 4
  • Repulsive Guidance Molecule C 2 3
  • RGM Domain Family Member C 3 4
  • RGMC 3 4
  • HJV 3 4
  • Haemojuvelin 3
  • HFE2A 3
  • JH 3

External Ids for HFE2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HFE2 Gene

  • GC01U990224
  • GC01P143161
  • GC01P142902
  • GC01P144124
  • GC01P145413
  • GC01P119377

Summaries for HFE2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HFE2 Gene

  • The product of this gene is involved in iron metabolism. It may be a component of the signaling pathway which activates hepcidin or it may act as a modulator of hepcidin expression. It could also represent the cellular receptor for hepcidin. Two uORFs in the 5' UTR negatively regulate the expression and activity of the encoded protein. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. Defects in this gene are the cause of hemochromatosis type 2A, also called juvenile hemochromatosis (JH). JH is an early-onset autosomal recessive disorder due to severe iron overload resulting in hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis and cardiomyopathy, occurring typically before age of 30. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]

GeneCards Summary for HFE2 Gene

HFE2 (Hemochromatosis Type 2 (Juvenile)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HFE2 include Hemochromatosis, Type 2A and Juvenile Hereditary Hemochromatosis. Among its related pathways are Developmental Biology and Signaling by BMP. GO annotations related to this gene include coreceptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is RGMA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HFE2 Gene

  • Acts as a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) coreceptor. Through enhancement of BMP signaling regulates hepcidin (HAMP) expression and regulates iron homeostasis.

Gene Wiki entry for HFE2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HFE2 Gene

Genomics for HFE2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for HFE2 Gene

Enhancers for HFE2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around HFE2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for HFE2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around HFE2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for HFE2 Gene

146,017,468 bp from pter
146,021,918 bp from pter
4,451 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for HFE2 Gene

Genes around HFE2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HFE2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HFE2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HFE2 Gene

Proteins for HFE2 Gene

  • Protein details for HFE2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1ALI7
    • Q2PQ63
    • Q6IMF6
    • Q8NAH2
    • Q8WVJ5

    Protein attributes for HFE2 Gene

    426 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    45080 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with BMP2 and BMP4 (By similarity). Interacts with BMPR1B. Interacts with TMPRSS6.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HFE2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for HFE2 Gene


neXtProt entry for HFE2 Gene

Proteomics data for HFE2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HFE2 Gene

  • Autocatalytically cleaved at low pH; the two chains remain linked via two disulfide bonds. Also proteolytically processed by TMPRSS6, several fragments being released in the extracellular space; regulates HFE2 activity in BMP signaling and thefore iron homeostasis.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 118, Asn 213, and Asn 372
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for HFE2 (RGM-C/Hemojuvelin)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HFE2 Gene

Domains & Families for HFE2 Gene

Protein Domains for HFE2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HFE2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family.
  • Belongs to the repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HFE2: view

No data available for Gene Families for HFE2 Gene

Function for HFE2 Gene

Molecular function for HFE2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Acts as a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) coreceptor. Through enhancement of BMP signaling regulates hepcidin (HAMP) expression and regulates iron homeostasis.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HFE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005102 receptor binding IPI 18326817
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HFE2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HFE2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for HFE2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for HFE2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HFE2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HFE2 Gene

Localization for HFE2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HFE2 Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor. Note=Also released in the extracellular space. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25156943}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for HFE2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HFE2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 3
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HFE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031225 anchored component of membrane IEA --
GO:1990712 HFE-transferrin receptor complex IDA 22728873
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HFE2: view

Pathways & Interactions for HFE2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HFE2: view

Pathways by source for HFE2 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for HFE2 Gene
3 Reactome pathways for HFE2 Gene

Interacting Proteins for HFE2 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q6ZVN8-RGMC_HUMAN for HFE2 Gene via I2D

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HFE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007411 axon guidance TAS --
GO:0055072 iron ion homeostasis IGI 16075058
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HFE2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for HFE2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HFE2 Gene

(1) Drugs for HFE2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for HFE2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Armco iron
  • Carbonyl iron
  • FE
  • Ferrovac e
  • Hematite
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HFE2: view

Transcripts for HFE2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for HFE2 Gene

Hemochromatosis type 2 (juvenile):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HFE2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for HFE2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for HFE2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HFE2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HFE2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x33.9), Liver (x10.6), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HFE2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon muscle (61.0) and Breast (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for HFE2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HFE2 Gene Hs.632436

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HFE2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Adult and fetal liver, heart, and skeletal muscle.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HFE2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for HFE2 Gene

Primer Products

Orthologs for HFE2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for HFE2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HFE2 35
  • 91.25 (n)
  • 92.67 (a)
HFE2 36
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HFE2 35
  • 90.5 (n)
  • 93.35 (a)
HFE2 36
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hfe2 35
  • 84.09 (n)
  • 88.01 (a)
Hfe2 16
Hfe2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HFE2 35
  • 99.67 (n)
  • 99.5 (a)
HFE2 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hfe2 35
  • 84.44 (n)
  • 86.49 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HFE2 36
  • 81 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia HFE2 36
  • 62 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 55 (a)
-- 36
  • 57 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia hfe2 35
  • 62.1 (n)
  • 60.27 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii hfe2 35
  • 55.49 (n)
  • 50.74 (a)
hfe2 36
  • 44 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea drag-1 36
  • 22 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 39 (a)
Species with no ortholog for HFE2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for HFE2 Gene

Gene Tree for HFE2 (if available)
Gene Tree for HFE2 (if available)

Paralogs for HFE2 Gene

Paralogs for HFE2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for HFE2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HFE2: view

Variants for HFE2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HFE2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs28940586 Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A) 146,019,594(-) GCCTC(C/T)GTCGA intron-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
VAR_019618 Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A)
VAR_019619 Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A)
VAR_019620 Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A)
VAR_019621 Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HFE2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428212 CNV Gain 18775914
dgv104e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv7181 OTHER Inversion 18451855
dgv15n16 CNV Deletion 17901297
dgv46e201 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv509457 CNV Insertion 20534489
dgv105e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv111e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv2422428 CNV Duplication 17116639
nsv831359 CNV Loss 17160897
essv16633 CNV CNV 17122850
dgv112e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv2699 CNV Insertion 18451855
dgv346n71 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv347n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv831370 CNV Gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for HFE2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 33.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.70; 57.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for HFE2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HFE2 Gene

Disorders for HFE2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for HFE2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hemochromatosis, type 2a
  • hemochromatosis type 2
juvenile hereditary hemochromatosis
  • hemochromatosis
hjv -related juvenile hemochromatosis
  • hemochromatosis, type 2a
  • hfe hemochromatosis, modifier of
hemochromatosis type 2
  • hef2a
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search HFE2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Hemochromatosis 2A (HFE2A) [MIM:602390]: A juvenile form of hemochromatosis, a disorder of iron metabolism with excess deposition of iron in a variety of organs leading to their failure, bronze skin pigmentation, hepatic cirrhosis, arthropathy and diabetes. The most common symptoms of juvenile hemochromatosis at presentation are hypogonadism and cardiomyopathy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:14647275, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14982867, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14982873, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15461631}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for HFE2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HFE2: view

No data available for Genatlas for HFE2 Gene

Publications for HFE2 Gene

  1. Mutations in HFE2 cause iron overload in chromosome 1q-linked juvenile hemochromatosis. (PMID: 14647275) Papanikolaou G. … Goldberg Y.P. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Non-classical hereditary hemochromatosis in Portugal: novel mutations identified in iron metabolism-related genes. (PMID: 18762941) Mendes A.I. … Faustino P. (Ann. Hematol. 2009) 3 23
  3. Processing of hemojuvelin requires retrograde trafficking to the Golgi in HepG2 cells. (PMID: 19029439) Maxson J.E. … Zhang A.S. (Blood 2009) 3 23
  4. Mutations in HAMP and HJV genes and their impact on expression of clinical hemochromatosis in a cohort of 100 Spanish patients homozygous for the C282Y mutation of HFE gene. (PMID: 19214511) AltA"s A. … Baiget M. (Ann. Hematol. 2009) 3 23
  5. Hemojuvelin: the hepcidin story continues. (PMID: 19287179) Malyszko J. (Kidney Blood Press. Res. 2009) 3 23

Products for HFE2 Gene

Sources for HFE2 Gene