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Aliases for HDC Gene

Aliases for HDC Gene

  • Histidine Decarboxylase 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • EC 4.1.1 63

External Ids for HDC Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HDC Gene

  • GC15M046091
  • GC15M043580
  • GC15M048113
  • GC15M048250
  • GC15M048321
  • GC15M050534
  • GC15M027365

Summaries for HDC Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HDC Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the group II decarboxylase family and forms a homodimer that converts L-histidine to histamine in a pyridoxal phosphate dependent manner. Histamine regulates several physiologic processes, including neurotransmission, gastric acid secretion,inflamation, and smooth muscle tone.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GeneCards Summary for HDC Gene

HDC (Histidine Decarboxylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HDC include gilles de la tourette syndrome and mastocytosis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include pyridoxal phosphate binding and histidine decarboxylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DDC.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HDC Gene

  • Catalyzes the biosynthesis of histamine from histidine.

Gene Wiki entry for HDC Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HDC Gene

Genomics for HDC Gene

Genomic Location for HDC Gene

50,241,947 bp from pter
50,266,026 bp from pter
24,080 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for HDC Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HDC Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HDC Gene

Proteins for HDC Gene

  • Protein details for HDC Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Histidine decarboxylase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1L4G0
    • B7ZM01

    Protein attributes for HDC Gene

    662 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    74141 Da
    Name=pyridoxal 5-phosphate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:597326;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HDC Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for HDC Gene


neXtProt entry for HDC Gene

Proteomics data for HDC Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HDC Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for HDC Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains for HDC Gene

Gene Families for HDC Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HDC Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.
  • Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HDC: view

Function for HDC Gene

Molecular function for HDC Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
histidine decarboxylase,brain,catalyzing the histidine synthesis
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=0.1 mM for histidine {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22767596}; Vmax=1880 nmol/min/mg enzyme {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22767596};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-histidine = histamine + CO(2).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the biosynthesis of histamine from histidine.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for HDC Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HDC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004398 histidine decarboxylase activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0016831 carboxy-lyase activity --
GO:0030170 pyridoxal phosphate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HDC: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HDC: view

Animal Models for HDC Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HDC:

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HDC

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HDC Gene

Localization for HDC Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for HDC Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HDC gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HDC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HDC: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HDC Gene

Pathways for HDC Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HDC: view

Pathways by source for HDC Gene

2 KEGG pathways for HDC Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P19113-DCHS_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amine and polyamine biosynthesis; histamine biosynthesis; histamine from L-histidine: step 1/1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HDC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001694 histamine biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006520 cellular amino acid metabolic process --
GO:0006547 histidine metabolic process TAS 1487235
GO:0006548 histidine catabolic process TAS --
GO:0019752 carboxylic acid metabolic process --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HDC: view

Drugs for HDC Gene

(2) Drugbank Compounds for HDC Gene

Compound Status Synonyms Cas Number PubChem ID Type Actions PubMed IDs
  • (S)-4-(2-Amino-2-carboxyethyl)imidazole
71-00-1 6274 Target approved, nutraceutical
Pyridoxal Phosphate
  • Codecarboxylase
54-47-7 1051 Target cofactor nutraceutical

(11) HMDB Compounds for HDC Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon oxide
  • b-Alanyl-L-histidine
  • 1H-Imidazole-4-ethanamine
  • (S)-1H-Imidazole-4-alanine
  • N'-Acetylspermine

(3) IUPHAR Ligand for HDC Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
SAM486A Inhibitor Inhibition 8
AMA Inhibitor Inhibition
FMH Inhibitor Inhibition

(41) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for HDC Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
histidine 93.6 187
histamine 90.1 177
alpha-fluoromethylhistidine 85.7 11
loxtidine 82.1 4
n,n-diethyl-2-((4-phenylmethyl)phenoxy)ethanamine 79.7 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HDC: view

Transcripts for HDC Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HDC Gene

Unigene Clusters for HDC Gene

Histidine decarboxylase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HDC

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HDC Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HDC Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for HDC Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HDC Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HDC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hypothalamus (28.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for HDC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (64.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for HDC Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HDC Gene Hs.1481

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HDC: view

Expression partners for HDC Gene

* - Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HDC Gene

Orthologs for HDC Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for HDC Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HDC 35
  • 89.87 (n)
  • 91.49 (a)
HDC 36
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HDC 35
  • 91.39 (n)
  • 92.6 (a)
HDC 36
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hdc 35
  • 85.9 (n)
  • 87.79 (a)
Hdc 16
Hdc 36
  • 87 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HDC 35
  • 99.7 (n)
  • 99.55 (a)
HDC 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hdc 35
  • 86.15 (n)
  • 87.69 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HDC 36
  • 84 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia HDC 36
  • 57 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HDC 35
  • 73.03 (n)
  • 77.71 (a)
HDC 36
  • 77 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia HDC 36
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia hdc 35
  • 70.24 (n)
  • 74.07 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii hdc 35
  • 66.86 (n)
  • 68.76 (a)
hdc 36
  • 62 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta amd 37
  • 38 (a)
CG30445 37
  • 49 (a)
CG30446 37
  • 49 (a)
Ddc 37
  • 51 (a)
Hdc 37
  • 61 (a)
Hdc 35
  • 60.99 (n)
  • 61.76 (a)
Hdc 36
  • 40 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009001 35
  • 61.66 (n)
  • 62.88 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C05D2.3 37
  • 33 (a)
F12A10.3 37
  • 30 (a)
tdc-1 37
  • 48 (a)
ZK829.2 37
  • 39 (a)
hdl-1 36
  • 22 (a)
tdc-1 36
  • 36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 21 (a)
-- 36
  • 22 (a)
Species with no ortholog for HDC:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for HDC Gene

Gene Tree for HDC (if available)
Gene Tree for HDC (if available)

Paralogs for HDC Gene

Paralogs for HDC Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for HDC Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HDC: view

Variants for HDC Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HDC Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs190512051 -- 50,265,201(+) AATGA(A/C)TGTTA intron-variant
rs190376177 -- 50,241,627(+) AAGGG(A/G)AAAAT downstream-variant-500B
rs190123246 -- 50,258,267(+) AAAGC(A/G)TAAGC intron-variant
rs190015441 -- 50,254,583(+) AGCAT(C/T)GGGCT missense, reference
rs189951609 -- 50,253,217(+) TCCCC(C/T)ACCCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HDC Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv483038 CNV Gain 15286789
nsv1531 CNV Insertion 18451855

Relevant External Links for HDC Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HDC Gene

Disorders for HDC Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for HDC Gene (142704)

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for HDC Gene

(32) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for HDC Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
leukemia basophilic 56.6 3
carcinoid 52.4 8
mastocytoma 47.5 9
gastric disorder 46.5 1
mastocytosis systemic 43.6 2

Relevant External Links for HDC

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HDC: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for HDC Gene

Publications for HDC Gene

  1. Preparation of a rat brain histidine decarboxylase (HDC) cDNA probe by PCR and assignment of the human HDC gene to chromosome 15. (PMID: 1487235) Bruneau G. … Thibault J. (Hum. Genet. 1992) 2 3 23
  2. Cloning of the cDNA encoding human histidine decarboxylase from an erythroleukemia cell line and mapping of the gene locus to chromosome 15. (PMID: 1768863) Zahnow C.A. … Joseph D.R. (DNA Seq. 1991) 3 4 23
  3. HDC gene polymorphisms are associated with age at natural menopause in Caucasian women. (PMID: 16919600) Zhang F. … Deng H.W. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2006) 3 23 48
  4. Structure of the L-histidine decarboxylase gene. (PMID: 8288622) Yatsunami K. … Ichikawa A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1994) 3 4 23
  5. Histidine decarboxylase, a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme, is an autoantigen of gastric enterochromaffin-like cells. (PMID: 12679420) SkAPldberg F. … KAompe O. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2003) 3 23 25

Products for HDC Gene

Sources for HDC Gene

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