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Aliases for HCRTR2 Gene

Aliases for HCRTR2 Gene

  • Hypocretin Receptor 2 2 3 5
  • Hypocretin (Orexin) Receptor 2 2 3
  • Hypocretin Receptor Type 2 3 4
  • Ox-2-R 3 4
  • Ox2-R 3 4
  • OX2R 3 4
  • Orexin Receptor Type 2 3
  • Orexin Type-2 Receptor 3
  • Orexin Receptor 2 2

External Ids for HCRTR2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HCRTR2 Gene

  • GC06P055041
  • GC06P055085
  • GC06P055147
  • GC06P054873

Summaries for HCRTR2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HCRTR2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a G-protein coupled receptor involved in the regulation of feeding behavior. The encoded protein binds the hypothalamic neuropeptides orexin A and orexin B. A related gene (HCRTR1) encodes a G-protein coupled receptor that selectively binds orexin A. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2009]

GeneCards Summary for HCRTR2 Gene

HCRTR2 (Hypocretin Receptor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HCRTR2 include Cluster Headache and Sleep Disorder. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and RET signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and peptide hormone binding. An important paralog of this gene is HCRTR1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HCRTR2 Gene

  • Nonselective, high-affinity receptor for both orexin-A and orexin-B neuropeptides (PubMed:9491897, PubMed:26950369). Triggers an increase in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels in response to orexin-A binding (PubMed:9491897, PubMed:26950369).

Tocris Summary for HCRTR2 Gene

  • The OX2 receptors, also known as hypocretin receptor 2, are located primarily in the cerebral cortex, paraventricular hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, subthalamic and paraventricular thalamus where they are thought to regulate sleep-wakefulness.

Gene Wiki entry for HCRTR2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HCRTR2 Gene

Genomics for HCRTR2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for HCRTR2 Gene

Enhancers for HCRTR2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06G054698 0.7 ENCODE 9.6 -407.2 -407173 1.6 SOX13 PKNOX1 FOXA2 RAD21 RELA CTBP1 GATA3 FOS RELB RCOR1 HCRTR2 ENSG00000224984 ENSG00000261116 RPSAP44 GC06P054771
GH06G055277 0.6 ENCODE 10.1 +171.0 171025 0.8 SCRT1 CTCF ZNF654 SCRT2 SMC3 BCL6 RAD21 HCRTR2 FAM83B GFRAL GC06M055192
GH06G055276 0.6 ENCODE 10.1 +170.5 170488 0.2 SCRT1 CTCF ZNF654 SCRT2 SMC3 BCL6 RAD21 HCRTR2 GFRAL GC06M055192
GH06G055047 0.4 ENCODE 10.5 -58.8 -58823 0.2 JUND HCRTR2 GC06P055030 PIR44936
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around HCRTR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for HCRTR2 Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
55,106,460 bp from pter
End:
55,282,620 bp from pter
Size:
176,161 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for HCRTR2 Gene

Genes around HCRTR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HCRTR2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HCRTR2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HCRTR2 Gene

Proteins for HCRTR2 Gene

  • Protein details for HCRTR2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43614-OX2R_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Orexin receptor type 2
    Protein Accession:
    O43614
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5VTM0

    Protein attributes for HCRTR2 Gene

    Size:
    444 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50694 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HCRTR2 Gene

neXtProt entry for HCRTR2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for HCRTR2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=14, isoforms=22, and posLast=202202
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for HCRTR2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HCRTR2 Gene

Domains & Families for HCRTR2 Gene

Gene Families for HCRTR2 Gene

Protein Domains for HCRTR2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HCRTR2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O43614

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

OX2R_HUMAN :
  • The N-terminal region is required for orexin signaling.
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
Domain:
  • The N-terminal region is required for orexin signaling.
Family:
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HCRTR2: view

Function for HCRTR2 Gene

Molecular function for HCRTR2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
hypocretin receptor 2,G protein coupled receptor superfamily binding both HCRT isoforms A and B
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Nonselective, high-affinity receptor for both orexin-A and orexin-B neuropeptides (PubMed:9491897, PubMed:26950369). Triggers an increase in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels in response to orexin-A binding (PubMed:9491897, PubMed:26950369).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HCRTR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004930 G-protein coupled receptor activity IEA --
GO:0008188 neuropeptide receptor activity TAS 9491897
GO:0016499 orexin receptor activity IDA 26950369
GO:0017046 peptide hormone binding IEA --
GO:0042277 peptide binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HCRTR2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HCRTR2: view

Animal Models for HCRTR2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HCRTR2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for HCRTR2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target HCRTR2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for HCRTR2 (Orexin R2/HCRTR2)

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HCRTR2 Gene

Localization for HCRTR2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HCRTR2 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HCRTR2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HCRTR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS,IDA 26950369
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HCRTR2: view

Pathways & Interactions for HCRTR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HCRTR2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for HCRTR2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HCRTR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0007200 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway IDA,TAS 26950369
GO:0007268 chemical synaptic transmission TAS 9491897
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HCRTR2: view

Drugs & Compounds for HCRTR2 Gene

(32) Drugs for HCRTR2 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Suvorexant Approved Pharma Antagonist, Target, antagonist 24
Allopurinol Approved Pharma 145
SB-649868 Experimental Pharma Antagonist, antagonist 0
EMPA Pharma Highly potent and selective OX2 antagonist; brain penetrant 0
JNJ 10397049 Pharma Selective OX2 receptor antagonist 0

(7) Additional Compounds for HCRTR2 Gene - From: IUPHAR, Novoseek, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
1-(2,4-dibromo-phenyl)-3-((4S,5S)-2,2-dimethyl-4-phenyl-[1,3]dioxan-5-yl)-urea
Antagonist
ACT-078573
Antagonist
MK-6096
Antagonist
N-ethyl-2-[(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl)-(toluene-2-sulphonyl)-amino]-N-pyridin-3-ylmethyl-acetamide
Antagonist
IPSU
1373765-19-5

(5) Tocris Compounds for HCRTR2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B Potent, selective OX2 receptor agonist 532932-99-3
EMPA Highly potent and selective OX2 antagonist; brain penetrant 680590-49-2
IPSU OX2 receptor antagonist; orally bioavailable 1373765-19-5
JNJ 10397049 Selective OX2 receptor antagonist 708275-58-5
TCS OX2 29 Potent and selective OX2 antagonist 372523-75-6

(15) ApexBio Compounds for HCRTR2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B 532932-99-3
Allopurinol 315-30-0
Almorexant OX1R/OX2R antagonist 871224-64-5
Almorexant hydrochloride OX1R/OX2R antagonist 913358-93-7
EMPA 680590-49-2
JNJ 10397049 708275-58-5
MK-4305 OX1/OX2 atagonist,potent and selective 1030377-33-3
Orexin A (human, rat, mouse) 205640-90-0
Orexin B (human) 205640-91-1
Orexin B (mouse) 202801-92-1
OXA (17-33) 343268-91-7
SB-334867 free base 792173-99-0
SB408124 OX(1)receptor antagonist 288150-92-5
TCS 1102 916141-36-1
TCS OX2 29 372523-75-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HCRTR2: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for HCRTR2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HCRTR2 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(11) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HCRTR2 Gene

Hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for HCRTR2 (Orexin R2/HCRTR2)

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HCRTR2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HCRTR2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HCRTR2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HCRTR2

Expression for HCRTR2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for HCRTR2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HCRTR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hypothalamus (x9.4), Brain - Substantia nigra (x5.6), and Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x4.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for HCRTR2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of HCRTR2 Gene:

HCRTR2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HCRTR2 Gene:

Hs.151624
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HCRTR2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for HCRTR2 Gene

Orthologs for HCRTR2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for HCRTR2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HCRTR2 34 35
  • 99.55 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HCRTR2 34 35
  • 93.09 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HCRTR2 34 35
  • 89.86 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hcrtr2 34
  • 88.04 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hcrtr2 34 16 35
  • 87.96 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HCRTR2 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HCRTR2 34 35
  • 80.2 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia HCRTR2 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia hcrtr2 34
  • 75.09 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii hcrtr2 34 35
  • 68.88 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta NepYr 36
  • 31 (a)
SIFR 35
  • 17 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea npr-2 34
  • 42.7 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for HCRTR2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for HCRTR2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HCRTR2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HCRTR2 (if available)

Paralogs for HCRTR2 Gene

(16) SIMAP similar genes for HCRTR2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HCRTR2: view

Variants for HCRTR2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HCRTR2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000018173 -- 55,202,796(+) CTATA(A/G)CAATG intron-variant
rs1000018755 -- 55,239,742(+) TTTAA(G/T)ATACA intron-variant
rs1000051888 -- 55,267,258(+) ATGAA(A/G)TCTGT intron-variant
rs1000056124 -- 55,186,154(+) TTTTT(C/T)CCTGT intron-variant
rs1000078810 -- 55,204,591(+) AGAAG(-/CT)ATCAC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HCRTR2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1151776 CNV insertion 26484159

Variation tolerance for HCRTR2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 65.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.24; 40.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for HCRTR2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
HCRTR2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
HCRTR2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HCRTR2 Gene

Disorders for HCRTR2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for HCRTR2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cluster headache
sleep disorder
  • non-organic sleep disorder
narcolepsy
  • narcolepsy, without cataplexy
rohhad
  • rapid-onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation
hallucinogen dependence
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for HCRTR2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
HCRTR2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
HCRTR2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
HCRTR2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HCRTR2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for HCRTR2 Gene

Publications for HCRTR2 Gene

  1. Haplotype analysis confirms the association between the HCRTR2 gene and cluster headache. (PMID: 18399985) Rainero I. … Pinessi L. (Headache 2008) 3 22 46 64
  2. The G1246A polymorphism in the hypocretin receptor 2 gene is not associated with treatment response in cluster headache. (PMID: 17376114) SchA1rks M. … Rosskopf D. (Cephalalgia 2007) 3 22 46 64
  3. Association between the G1246A polymorphism of the hypocretin receptor 2 gene and cluster headache: a meta-analysis. (PMID: 17563843) Rainero I. … Pinessi L. (J Headache Pain 2007) 3 22 46 64
  4. The 1246G-->A polymorphism of the HCRTR2 gene is not associated with migraine. (PMID: 17645762) Pinessi L. … Vaula G. (Cephalalgia 2007) 3 22 46 64
  5. Association between migraine and the G1246A polymorphism in the hypocretin receptor 2 gene. (PMID: 17883525) SchA1rks M. … Rosskopf D. (Headache 2007) 3 22 46 64

Products for HCRTR2 Gene

Sources for HCRTR2 Gene

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