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Aliases for HBM Gene

Aliases for HBM Gene

  • Hemoglobin, Mu 2 3
  • Hemoglobin, Alpha Pseudogene 2 2 3
  • Hemoglobin Mu Chain 3 4
  • Mu-Globin 3 4
  • HBAP2 3 4
  • Alpha Globin Pseudogene 2 3
  • Hemoglobin Subunit Mu 3
  • HBK 3

External Ids for HBM Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for HBM Gene

  • HBAP2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HBM Gene

  • GC16U900495
  • GC16P000161
  • GC16P000163
  • GC16P000164
  • GC16P000165
  • GC16P000174
  • GC16P000175
  • GC16P000177
  • GC16P000179
  • GC16P000203
  • GC16P000134

Summaries for HBM Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HBM Gene

  • The human alpha globin gene cluster located on chromosome 16 spans about 30 kb and includes seven loci: 5'- zeta - pseudozeta - mu - pseudoalpha-1 - alpha-2 - alpha-1 - theta - 3'. This gene has an ORF encoding a 141 aa polypeptide which is similar to the delta globins found in reptiles and birds. This locus was originally described as a pseudogene; however, it is currently thought to be a protein-coding gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for HBM Gene

HBM (Hemoglobin, Mu) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and oxygen binding. An important paralog of this gene is HBA2.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HBM Gene

Genomics for HBM Gene

Regulatory Elements for HBM Gene

Genomic Location for HBM Gene

153,892 bp from pter
166,768 bp from pter
12,877 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for HBM Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HBM Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HBM Gene

Proteins for HBM Gene

  • Protein details for HBM Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Hemoglobin subunit mu
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for HBM Gene

    141 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15618 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for HBM Gene

Proteomics data for HBM Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HBM Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for HBM Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HBM Gene

Domains for HBM Gene

Protein Domains for HBM Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HBM Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q6B0K9
  • Belongs to the globin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HBM: view

No data available for Gene Families for HBM Gene

Function for HBM Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HBM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005344 oxygen transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005506 iron ion binding IEA --
GO:0019825 oxygen binding IEA --
GO:0020037 heme binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBM: view

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for HBM Gene

Localization for HBM Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for HBM Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HBM gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HBM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005833 hemoglobin complex IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBM: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBM Gene

Pathways for HBM Gene

SuperPathways for HBM Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for HBM Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HBM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015671 oxygen transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBM: view

No data available for Pathways by source for HBM Gene

Compounds for HBM Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for HBM Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (protoporphyrinato)iron
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HBM: view

Transcripts for HBM Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HBM Gene

(2898) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HBM Gene

Hemoglobin, mu:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HBM Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HBM Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for HBM Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HBM Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HBM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (50.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for HBM Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HBM Gene Hs.647389

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HBM Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in erythroid tissues.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HBM: view

Orthologs for HBM Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for HBM Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HBM 35
  • 99.05 (n)
  • 97.87 (a)
HBM 36
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HBM 35
  • 84.87 (n)
  • 84.4 (a)
HBM 36
  • 84 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HBM 35
  • 89.36 (n)
  • 87.94 (a)
HBM 36
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HBAD 36
  • 50 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia HBM 36
  • 46 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii HBQ1 36
  • 40 (a)
Species with no ortholog for HBM:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for HBM Gene

Gene Tree for HBM (if available)
Gene Tree for HBM (if available)

Paralogs for HBM Gene

Paralogs for HBM Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for HBM Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HBM: view

Variants for HBM Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HBM Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2541676 -- 166,739(-) TGACA(G/T)GCACA utr-variant-3-prime
rs2541677 -- 165,380(-) AGGCG(C/T)CCCCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs2698752 -- 165,863(-) AACGT(A/G)ACCAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs2858935 -- 165,856(+) ACCCG(C/G)GCTGG upstream-variant-2KB
rs2858936 -- 166,517(+) CCGGG(A/G)TGGGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HBM Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2455n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2422427 CNV Duplication 17116639
nsv518291 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv904635 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv2458n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv904637 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv827473 CNV Gain 20364138
dgv2459n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2460n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv904646 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv2461n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv904652 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2662940 CNV Deletion 23128226
dgv2462n71 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for HBM Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBM Gene

Disorders for HBM Gene

No disorders were found for HBM Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBM Gene

Publications for HBM Gene

  1. A newly discovered human alpha-globin gene. (PMID: 15855277) Goh S.-H. … Miller J.L. (Blood 2005) 2 3 4
  2. A review of the molecular genetics of the human alpha-globin gene cluster. (PMID: 2649166) Higgs D.R. … Weatherall D.J. (Blood 1989) 2 3
  3. Unusual features of CpG-rich (HTF) islands in the human alpha globin complex: association with non-functional pseudogenes and presence within the 3' portion of the zeta gene. (PMID: 2825132) Fischel-Ghodsian N. … Higgs D.R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1987) 2 3
  4. A previously undetected pseudogene in the human alpha globin gene cluster. (PMID: 3952001) Hardison R.C. … Schmid C.W. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1986) 3
  5. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3

Products for HBM Gene

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate HBM
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HBM
    • Block miRNA regulation of HBM using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for HBM Gene

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