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Aliases for HBG1 Gene

Aliases for HBG1 Gene

  • Hemoglobin, Gamma A 2 3
  • Hemoglobin Gamma-1 Chain 3 4
  • Hemoglobin Gamma-A Chain 3 4
  • Gamma-1-Globin 3 4
  • Hb F Agamma 3 4
  • Hemoglobin, Gamma, Regulator Of 3
  • Gamma A Hemoglobin 3
  • A-Gamma Globin 3
  • Gamma Globin 3
  • PRO2979 3
  • HBG-T2 3
  • HSGGL1 3
  • HBGA 3
  • HBGR 3

External Ids for HBG1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HBG1 Gene

  • GC11M006017
  • GC11M005571
  • GC11M005228
  • GC11M005215
  • GC11M005234
  • GC11M005226
  • GC11M005271
  • GC11M004928
  • GC11M005304
  • GC11M005258

Summaries for HBG1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HBG1 Gene

  • The gamma globin genes (HBG1 and HBG2) are normally expressed in the fetal liver, spleen and bone marrow. Two gamma chains together with two alpha chains constitute fetal hemoglobin (HbF) which is normally replaced by adult hemoglobin (HbA) at birth. In some beta-thalassemias and related conditions, gamma chain production continues into adulthood. The two types of gamma chains differ at residue 136 where glycine is found in the G-gamma product (HBG2) and alanine is found in the A-gamma product (HBG1). The former is predominant at birth. The order of the genes in the beta-globin cluster is: 5'-epsilon -- gamma-G -- gamma-A -- delta -- beta--3'. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for HBG1 Gene

HBG1 (Hemoglobin, Gamma A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HBG1 include fetal hemoglobin quantitative trait locus 1 and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin - sickle cell disease. Among its related pathways are p70S6K Signaling and Hemostasis. GO annotations related to this gene include iron ion binding and oxygen binding. An important paralog of this gene is HBA2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBG1 Gene

  • Gamma chains make up the fetal hemoglobin F, in combination with alpha chains

Gene Wiki entry for HBG1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HBG1 Gene

Genomics for HBG1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for HBG1 Gene

Genomic Location for HBG1 Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
5,248,083 bp from pter
End:
5,249,892 bp from pter
Size:
1,810 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HBG1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HBG1 Gene

Proteins for HBG1 Gene

  • Protein details for HBG1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P69891-HBG1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Hemoglobin subunit gamma-1
    Protein Accession:
    P69891
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P02096
    • P62027
    • Q549G1
    • Q8TDA1
    • Q96FH7

    Protein attributes for HBG1 Gene

    Size:
    147 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    16140 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer of two alpha chains and two gamma chains in fetal hemoglobin (Hb F). In the case of deletions affecting one or more of the alpha chains, the excess gamma chains form homotetramers that exhibit neither Bohr effect nor heme-heme cooperativity (hemoglobin Barts).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HBG1 Gene

neXtProt entry for HBG1 Gene

Proteomics data for HBG1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HBG1 Gene

  • Acetylation of Gly-2 converts Hb F to the minor Hb F1.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for HBG1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for HBG1 (HBG1)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HBG1 Gene

Domains & Families for HBG1 Gene

Gene Families for HBG1 Gene

Protein Domains for HBG1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HBG1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P69891

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

HBG1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the globin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the globin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HBG1: view

Function for HBG1 Gene

Molecular function for HBG1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
globin,gamma A,fetal (A 136)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Gamma chains make up the fetal hemoglobin F, in combination with alpha chains
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By 5-azacytidine.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HBG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005344 oxygen transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005506 iron ion binding IEA --
GO:0019825 oxygen binding IEA --
GO:0020037 heme binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBG1: view

Phenotypes for HBG1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HBG1: view

Animal Models for HBG1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HBG1:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HBG1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HBG1 Gene

Localization for HBG1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for HBG1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HBG1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 4
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HBG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005833 hemoglobin complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBG1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBG1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for HBG1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HBG1: view

Pathways by source for HBG1 Gene

2 Qiagen pathways for HBG1 Gene
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for HBG1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HBG1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
GO:0015671 oxygen transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HBG1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for HBG1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HBG1 Gene

(18) Drugs for HBG1 Gene - From: NovoSeek and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Aminolevulinic acid Approved Pharma 128
Azathioprine Approved Pharma 145
Cytarabine Approved, Investigational Pharma 995
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist 1806
Doxorubicin Approved, Investigational Pharma Topo II inhibitor,immunosuppresive antineoplastic antibiotic 1525

(12) Additional Compounds for HBG1 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
5-Aza-2deoxycytidine
Aclacinomycin
benzidine
  • 4'-Amino[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-ylamine (ACD/Name 4.0)
  • 4, 4'-Biphenylenediamine
  • 4,4'-Bianiline
  • 4,4'-Biphenyldiamine
  • 4,4'-Biphenylenediamine
92-87-5
butyrate
Dimethyl sulfate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HBG1: view

Transcripts for HBG1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HBG1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for HBG1 Gene

Hemoglobin, gamma A:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HBG1

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HBG1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HBG1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HBG1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HBG1

Expression for HBG1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HBG1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HBG1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x48.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HBG1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Placenta (16.2), Fetal Liver (10.2), Fetal testis (9.5), Fetal gut (9.2), and Fetal heart (7.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for HBG1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HBG1 Gene Hs.702189

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HBG1 Gene

P69891-HBG1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Red blood cells
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HBG1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for HBG1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for HBG1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for HBG1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hbe2 35
  • 78.23 (n)
  • 74.15 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hbb-bh1 16
Hbb-bh1 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToMany
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HBE2 36
  • 71 (a)
ManyToMany
HBE4 36
  • 74 (a)
ManyToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 79 (a)
ManyToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HBG2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HBB 36
  • 70 (a)
ManyToMany
HBE 36
  • 66 (a)
ManyToMany
HBE1 36
  • 69 (a)
ManyToMany
HBG1 36
  • 67 (a)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii hbaa1 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
hbaa1 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
hbae1 36
  • 38 (a)
ManyToMany
hbae1 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
hbae3 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
hbz 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
si:ch211-5k11.2 36
  • 38 (a)
ManyToMany
si:ch211-5k11.6 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for HBG1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for HBG1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HBG1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HBG1 (if available)

Paralogs for HBG1 Gene

Paralogs for HBG1 Gene

(13) SIMAP similar genes for HBG1 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HBG1: view

Variants for HBG1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HBG1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs916111 -- 5,248,113(-) TTTTG(A/T)TGAGC downstream-variant-500B
rs916112 -- 5,248,048(-) GGTGT(A/T)GGAGA downstream-variant-500B
rs1061234 other, other, - 5,249,456(-) TGCCA(C/T)AAAGC reference, missense
rs1065686 -- 5,248,354(-) AGCTC(A/C/T)CTGCC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1143541 -- 5,248,100(-) ATAAA(A/T)GCAGT downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HBG1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv896929 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv194n67 CNV Gain 20364138
esv5471 CNV Loss 19470904
esv2744059 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv896930 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2671356 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2648523 CNV Deletion 19546169

Variation tolerance for HBG1 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 0.17; 3.90% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for HBG1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
HBG1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
HBG1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBG1 Gene

Disorders for HBG1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for HBG1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
fetal hemoglobin quantitative trait locus 1
  • hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin
hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin - sickle cell disease
  • hpfh - sickle cell disease
hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin - beta-thalassemia
  • hpfh - beta-thalassemia
sickle cell disease
  • hemoglobin s disease
sickle cell anemia
  • drepanocytosis
- elite association
Search HBG1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for HBG1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
HBG1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
HBG1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
HBG1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HBG1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for HBG1 Gene

Publications for HBG1 Gene

  1. Transcriptional silencing of {gamma}-globin by BCL11A involves long-range interactions and cooperation with SOX6. (PMID: 20395365) Xu J. … Orkin S.H. (Genes Dev. 2010) 23 67
  2. Compounds of the anthracycline family of antibiotics elevate human gamma-globin expression both in erythroid cultures and in a transgenic mouse model. (PMID: 19914848) Spyrou P. … Kleanthous M. (Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 2010) 23 67
  3. Hydroxyurea generates nitric oxide in human erythroid cells: mechanisms for gamma-globin gene activation. (PMID: 19657070) Lou T.F. … Pace B.S. (Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood) 2009) 23 67
  4. High levels of human gamma-globin are expressed in adult mice carrying a transgene of the Brazilian type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin ((A)gamma -195). (PMID: 19958189) da Cunha A.F. … Costa F.F. (Hemoglobin 2009) 23 67
  5. Correction of murine sickle cell disease using gamma-globin lentiviral vectors to mediate high-level expression of fetal hemoglobin. (PMID: 19050697) Pestina T.I. … Persons D.A. (Mol. Ther. 2009) 23 67

Products for HBG1 Gene

Sources for HBG1 Gene

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