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Aliases for H6PD Gene

Aliases for H6PD Gene

  • Hexose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase/Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase 2 3 5
  • GDH/6PGL Endoplasmic Bifunctional Protein 2 3
  • Glucose Dehyrogenase 2 3
  • GDH 3 4
  • Hexose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase) 2
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, Salivary 3
  • 6-Phosphogluconolactonase 3
  • Glucose 1- Dehydrogenase 3
  • Glucose Dehydrogenase 3
  • G6PD, H Form 3
  • EC 61
  • EC 61
  • EC 61
  • CORTRD1 3
  • G6PDH 3

External Ids for H6PD Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for H6PD Gene

  • GDH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for H6PD Gene

  • GC01P008915
  • GC01P009105
  • GC01P009004
  • GC01P009229
  • GC01P008445

Summaries for H6PD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for H6PD Gene

  • There are 2 forms of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. G form is X-linked and H form, encoded by this gene, is autosomally linked. This H form shows activity with other hexose-6-phosphates, especially galactose-6-phosphate, whereas the G form is specific for glucose-6-phosphate. Both forms are present in most tissues, but H form is not found in red cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for H6PD Gene

H6PD (Hexose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase/Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with H6PD include Cortisone Reductase Deficiency 1 and Hyperandrogenism Due To Cortisone Reductase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Carbon metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is G6PD.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H6PD Gene

  • Oxidizes glucose-6-phosphate and glucose, as well as other hexose-6-phosphates.

Gene Wiki entry for H6PD Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for H6PD Gene

Genomics for H6PD Gene

Regulatory Elements for H6PD Gene

Enhancers for H6PD Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01G009232 1.7 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 19.9 -0.3 -294 3.3 MLX CREB3L1 DMAP1 YBX1 FEZF1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC H6PD GPR157 SLC2A5 GC01M009234 GC01P009203
GH01G009237 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.7 +7.1 7053 8.2 FOXA2 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 FOS PAF1 H6PD GPR157 MIR34A PIR53045
GH01G009231 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.2 -2.9 -2939 1.3 NFIB ZNF76 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF335 GLIS2 SCRT2 ZSCAN5C IKZF2 EGR2 H6PD MIR34A GPR157 GC01M009234 GC01P009203
GH01G009246 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.5 +14.7 14745 5.3 FOXA2 PKNOX1 ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF143 SP5 NFYC H6PD PIR53045
GH01G009210 1.3 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 16.9 -23.4 -23413 1.6 KLF1 SAP130 JUN CEBPG RARA ZNF335 ZFHX2 ZBTB48 GATA2 NR2F6 H6PD MIR34A GPR157 LINC01759 GC01P009203 GC01M009234
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around H6PD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for H6PD Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for H6PD Gene

9,234,775 bp from pter
9,271,337 bp from pter
36,563 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for H6PD Gene

Genes around H6PD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
H6PD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for H6PD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for H6PD Gene

Proteins for H6PD Gene

  • Protein details for H6PD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    GDH/6PGL endoplasmic bifunctional protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4TT33
    • Q66I35
    • Q68DT3

    Protein attributes for H6PD Gene

    791 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    88893 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=CAH18137.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for H6PD Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for H6PD Gene


Post-translational modifications for H6PD Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=157, posLast=282282, and posLast=683683
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for H6PD Gene

Domains & Families for H6PD Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
  • In the N-terminal section; belongs to the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
  • In the C-terminal section; belongs to the glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase family. 6-phosphogluconolactonase subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with H6PD: view

No data available for Gene Families for H6PD Gene

Function for H6PD Gene

Molecular function for H6PD Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
D-glucose + NAD(P)(+) = D-glucono-1,5-lactone + NAD(P)H.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
D-glucose 6-phosphate + NAD(P)(+) = D-glucono-1,5-lactone 6-phosphate + NAD(P)H.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + H(2)O = 6-phospho-D-gluconate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Oxidizes glucose-6-phosphate and glucose, as well as other hexose-6-phosphates.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for H6PD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for H6PD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004345 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity IEA --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0017057 6-phosphogluconolactonase activity IEA --
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H6PD: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with H6PD: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for H6PD Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for H6PD Gene

MGI Knock Outs for H6PD:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for H6PD

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for H6PD

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for H6PD Gene

Localization for H6PD Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H6PD Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Note=Microsomes, endoplasmic reticulum lumen.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for H6PD gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for H6PD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen IEA --
GO:0043231 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H6PD: view

Pathways & Interactions for H6PD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with H6PD: view

Pathways by source for H6PD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for H6PD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006006 glucose metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006098 pentose-phosphate shunt IEA --
GO:0006739 NADP metabolic process IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H6PD: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for H6PD Gene

Drugs & Compounds for H6PD Gene

(40) Drugs for H6PD Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0
Gluconolactone Experimental Pharma 0
Glucose 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0
6-Phosphogluconic acid Experimental Pharma 0
Beta-D-Glucose Experimental Pharma 0

(62) Additional Compounds for H6PD Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • b-NADPH
  • 6-(Dihydrogen phosphate)-(8CI)-D-Gluconic acid delta-lactone
  • 6-(Dihydrogen phosphate)-(9CI)-D-Gluconic acid delta-lactone
  • 6-(Dihydrogen phosphate)-D-Gluconic acid delta-lactone
  • 6-Pgdl
  • 6-Phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-NADP
  • b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-TPN
  • beta-NADP
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with H6PD: view

Transcripts for H6PD Gene

Unigene Clusters for H6PD Gene

Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (glucose 1-dehydrogenase):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for H6PD

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for H6PD Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for H6PD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for H6PD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for H6PD Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for H6PD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x5.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for H6PD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (8.3), Ovary (6.0), and Serum (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for H6PD Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for H6PD Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of H6PD Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for H6PD Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for H6PD Gene:

Tissue specificity: Present in most tissues examined, strongest in liver.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for H6PD Gene

  • Liver(4.6)
  • Bone marrow(4.1)
  • Adrenal gland(2.5)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for H6PD Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • face
  • head
  • pituitary gland
  • ovary
  • testicle
  • uterus
  • hair
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with H6PD: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for H6PD Gene

Orthologs for H6PD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for H6PD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia H6PD 34 35
  • 99.09 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia H6PD 34 35
  • 86.84 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia H6pd 34 16 35
  • 83.8 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia H6pd 34
  • 83.33 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia H6PD 35
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 81 (a)
-- 35
  • 77 (a)
-- 35
  • 70 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia H6PD 35
  • 74 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves H6PD 34 35
  • 70.61 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia H6PD 35
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia h6pd 34
  • 60.2 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.30186 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii h6pd 34 35
  • 56.51 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7140 35
  • 23 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ZWF1 35
  • 28 (a)
Species where no ortholog for H6PD was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for H6PD Gene

Gene Tree for H6PD (if available)
Gene Tree for H6PD (if available)

Paralogs for H6PD Gene

Paralogs for H6PD Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for H6PD Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with H6PD: view

Variants for H6PD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for H6PD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs6688832 Uncertain significance, Cortisone reductase deficiency (CRD) [MIM:604931] 9,263,851(+) TGTGC(A/C/G)GGAGC reference, missense
VAR_069193 Cortisone reductase deficiency (CRD) [MIM:604931]
rs387907167 Pathogenic 9,263,569(+) GTCTG(A/G)CAAAG reference, missense
rs398122816 Pathogenic 9,262,273(+) CAGGT(A/G)CGCAG intron-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs398122817 Pathogenic 9,262,261(+) TCTTA(C/G)AGTGA reference, stop-gained, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for H6PD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv12e212 CNV gain 25503493
dgv13e212 CNV gain 25503493
dgv16n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv17n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv2e55 CNV gain 17911159
dgv3n27 CNV gain 19166990
dgv40e59 CNV duplication 20981092
dgv96n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv97n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv23318 CNV loss 19812545
esv2743563 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2750845 CNV gain 17911159
esv2763409 CNV gain 21179565
esv3585168 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1075364 CNV duplication 25765185
nsv1122293 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1128586 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1139468 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1143434 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1147163 CNV duplication 26484159
nsv520191 CNV gain 19592680
nsv545350 CNV gain 21841781
nsv832092 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for H6PD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 98.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.66; 89.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for H6PD Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H6PD Gene

Disorders for H6PD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(7) MalaCards diseases for H6PD Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cortisone reductase deficiency 1
  • cortisone reductase deficiency
hyperandrogenism due to cortisone reductase deficiency
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency type 1
cortisone reductase deficiency
  • 11-alpha beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type i deficiency of
  • diffuse lymphoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search H6PD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Cortisone reductase deficiency (CRD) [MIM:604931]: In CRD, activation of cortisone to cortisol does not occur, resulting in adrenocorticotropin-mediated androgen excess and a phenotype resembling polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12858176, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23132696}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for H6PD

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with H6PD: view

No data available for Genatlas for H6PD Gene

Publications for H6PD Gene

  1. Human hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (glucose 1-dehydrogenase) encoded at 1p36: coding sequence and expression. (PMID: 10349511) Mason P.J. … Vulliamy T.J. (Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 1999) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase: a new risk gene for multiple sclerosis. (PMID: 19935835) Alcina A. … Matesanz F. (Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2010) 3 22 46 64
  3. Lack of Association of the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 gene 83,557insA and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene R453Q polymorphisms with body composition, adrenal androgen production, blood pressure, glucose metabolism, and dementia. (PMID: 17062770) Smit P. … Lamberts S.W. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2007) 3 22 46 64
  4. A study of the hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene R453Q and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 gene 83557insA polymorphisms in the polycystic ovary syndrome. (PMID: 15827106) San MillA!n J.L. … Escobar-Morreale H.F. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2005) 3 22 46 64
  5. Genotypes at 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 11B1 and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase loci are not risk factors for apparent cortisone reductase deficiency in a large population-based sample. (PMID: 16091483) White P.C. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2005) 3 22 46 64

Products for H6PD Gene

Sources for H6PD Gene

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