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Aliases for H2AFV Gene

Aliases for H2AFV Gene

  • H2A Histone Family, Member V 2 3
  • H2A.F/Z 3 4
  • H2AV 3 4
  • Purine-Rich Binding Element Protein B 3
  • Histone H2A.F/Z 3
  • Histone H2A.V 3
  • H2A.Z-2 3

External Ids for H2AFV Gene

Previous Symbols for H2AFV Gene

  • H2AV

Summaries for H2AFV Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for H2AFV Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene encodes a member of the histone H2A family. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms, have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for H2AFV Gene

H2AFV (H2A Histone Family, Member V) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening and RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is H2AFZ.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H2AFV Gene

  • Variant histone H2A which replaces conventional H2A in a subset of nucleosomes. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. May be involved in the formation of constitutive heterochromatin. May be required for chromosome segregation during cell division (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for H2AFV Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for H2AFV Gene

Genomics for H2AFV Gene

Genomic Location for H2AFV Gene

Start:
44,826,791 bp from pter
End:
44,848,126 bp from pter
Size:
21,336 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for H2AFV Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for H2AFV Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for H2AFV Gene

Regulatory Elements for H2AFV Gene

Proteins for H2AFV Gene

  • Protein details for H2AFV Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q71UI9-H2AV_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2A.V
    Protein Accession:
    Q71UI9
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NFA8
    • A6NKY0
    • A6NN01
    • A8MQC5
    • Q59GV8
    • Q6PK98

    Protein attributes for H2AFV Gene

    Size:
    128 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    13509 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA. H2A or its variant H2AFV forms a heterodimer with H2B (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAD92238.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for H2AFV Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for H2AFV Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for H2AFV Gene

Proteomics data for H2AFV Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for H2AFV Gene

  • Acetylated on Lys-5, Lys-8 and Lys-12 during interphase. Acetylation disappears at mitosis (By similarity).
  • Monoubiquitination of Lys-122 gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys116, Lys121, and Lys122

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for H2AFV Gene

Domains for H2AFV Gene

Gene Families for H2AFV Gene

HGNC:
  • RIH :Histones / Replication-independent

Protein Domains for H2AFV Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H2AV_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H2A family.:
    • Q71UI9
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with H2AFV: view

Function for H2AFV Gene

Molecular function for H2AFV Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Variant histone H2A which replaces conventional H2A in a subset of nucleosomes. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. May be involved in the formation of constitutive heterochromatin. May be required for chromosome segregation during cell division (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for H2AFV Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AFV: view

miRNA for H2AFV Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for H2AFV Gene

Localization for H2AFV Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H2AFV Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for H2AFV Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for H2AFV gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for H2AFV Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000786 nucleosome IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 16457589
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AFV: view

Pathways for H2AFV Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with H2AFV: view

Pathways by source for H2AFV Gene

2 KEGG pathways for H2AFV Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for H2AFV Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008150 biological_process ND --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AFV: view

Transcripts for H2AFV Gene

Unigene Clusters for H2AFV Gene

H2A histone family, member V:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for H2AFV Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b
SP1: -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7: - -

Relevant External Links for H2AFV Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
H2AFV
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
H2AFV

Expression for H2AFV Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for H2AFV Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for H2AFV Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for H2AFV Gene Hs.488189

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with H2AFV: view

Orthologs for H2AFV Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for H2AFV Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia H2AFV 36
  • 99.74 (n)
  • 100 (a)
H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia H2AFV 36
  • 94.27 (n)
  • 100 (a)
H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia H2afv 36
  • 91.67 (n)
  • 100 (a)
H2afv 16
H2afv 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC685909 36
  • 92.71 (n)
  • 100 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves H2AFV 37
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia H2AFV 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.24058 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia h2afv 36
  • 84.11 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Str.1584 36
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.14060 36
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii h2afva 36
  • 80.47 (n)
  • 100 (a)
h2afva 37
  • 100 (a)
OneToMany
h2afvb 37
  • 85 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000306 36
  • 74.25 (n)
  • 98.37 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta His2Av 36
  • 74.86 (n)
  • 98.36 (a)
His2Av 37
  • 85 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea htz-1 36
  • 70.46 (n)
  • 89.43 (a)
htz-1 37
  • 74 (a)
OneToMany
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ACL017C 36
  • 63.74 (n)
  • 71.93 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HTZ1 36
  • 65.29 (n)
  • 72.73 (a)
HTZ1 37
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
HTZ1 39
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0C05918g 36
  • 62.07 (n)
  • 72.41 (a)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.12459 36
soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.3316 36
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons HTA8 36
  • 69.3 (n)
  • 84.21 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0743400 36
  • 72.6 (n)
  • 86.44 (a)
wheat
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.22962 36
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU05347 36
  • 60.94 (n)
  • 70.31 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes pht1 36
  • 61.62 (n)
  • 73.95 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7971 37
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for H2AFV:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for H2AFV Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for H2AFV (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for H2AFV (if available)

Paralogs for H2AFV Gene

Paralogs for H2AFV Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for H2AFV Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with H2AFV: view

Variants for H2AFV Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for H2AFV Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2897 -- 44,827,105(+) GAAAA(A/G)AAGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs2898 -- 44,827,034(+) TTGTC(A/G)TTTGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs7016 -- 44,827,233(-) AAATA(A/C)AACTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs714543 -- 44,847,477(+) AAACC(A/G)TTCTT intron-variant
rs757693 -- 44,848,430(+) TGCAG(A/G)CGCTG upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for H2AFV Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830985 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2734326 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv5723 CNV Insertion 18451855

Relevant External Links for H2AFV Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
H2AFV

Disorders for H2AFV Gene

No disorders were found for H2AFV Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H2AFV Gene

Publications for H2AFV Gene

  1. Precise characterization of human histones in the H2A gene family by top down mass spectrometry. (PMID: 16457589) Boyne M.T. II … Kelleher N.L. (J. Proteome Res. 2006) 3 4
  2. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7. (PMID: 12853948) Hillier L.W. … Wilson R.K. (Nature 2003) 3 4
  5. Regulation of HIV-1 gene expression by histone acetylation and factor recruitment at the LTR promoter. (PMID: 14657027) Lusic M. … Giacca M. (EMBO J. 2003) 3

Products for H2AFV Gene

Sources for H2AFV Gene

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