Aliases for GZMH Gene
External Ids for GZMH Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GZMH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GZMH Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the granzyme family. Members of this family are highly conserved serine proteases that eliminate transformed cells and virus-infected cells. This protein, which has chymotrypsin-like activity, has a preference for bulky aromatic amino acids at the P1 position and for acidic residues at the P3' and P4' positions. This protein is reported to be constitutively expressed in NK cells and may play a role in the cytotoxic arm of the innate immune response by inducing target cell death and by directly cleaving substrates in pathogen-infected cells. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for GZMH Gene
GZMH (Granzyme H (Cathepsin G-Like 2, Protein H-CCPX)) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Biosynthesis of the N-glycan precursor (dolichol lipid-linked oligosaccharide, LLO) and transfer to a nascent protein and Peptide hormone metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ELANE.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GZMH Gene
Cytotoxic chymotrypsin-like serine protease with preference for bulky and aromatic residues at the P1 position and acidic residues at the P3 and P4 sites. Probably necessary for target cell lysis in cell-mediated immune responses. Participates in the antiviral response via direct cleavage of several proteins essential for viral replication.