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Aliases for GZMB Gene

Aliases for GZMB Gene

  • Granzyme B 2 3 5
  • T-Cell Serine Protease 1-3E 2 3 4
  • Cathepsin G-Like 1 2 3 4
  • Granzyme B (Granzyme 2, Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Serine Esterase 1) 2 3
  • Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Serine Esterase 1 2 3
  • Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Proteinase 2 3 4
  • Cytotoxic Serine Protease B 2 3
  • Human Lymphocyte Protein 3 4
  • Fragmentin 2 2 3
  • Fragmentin-2 3 4
  • EC 3.4.21.79 4 61
  • Granzyme 2 2 3
  • CTLA-1 3 4
  • CTSGL1 3 4
  • CTLA1 3 4
  • CSPB 3 4
  • CGL1 3 4
  • SECT 3 4
  • C11 3 4
  • HLP 3 4
  • Lymphocyte Protease 4
  • Granzyme-2 4
  • EC 3.4.21 61
  • CGL-1 3
  • CSP-B 3
  • CCPI 3
  • GRB 4

External Ids for GZMB Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GZMB Gene

  • CTLA1
  • CSPB

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GZMB Gene

  • GC14M022472
  • GC14M018887
  • GC14M023090
  • GC14M024170
  • GC14M025100
  • GC14M005214

Summaries for GZMB Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GZMB Gene

  • Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells share the remarkable ability to recognize, bind, and lyse specific target cells. They are thought to protect their host by lysing cells bearing on their surface 'nonself' antigens, usually peptides or proteins resulting from infection by intracellular pathogens. The protein encoded by this gene is crucial for the rapid induction of target cell apoptosis by CTL in cell-mediated immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GZMB Gene

GZMB (Granzyme B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GZMB include Lymphocytic Gastritis and Hypersensitivity Syndrome, Carbamazepine-Induced. Among its related pathways are Activation of BH3-only proteins and Granzyme Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and serine-type peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is GZMH.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GZMB Gene

  • This enzyme is necessary for target cell lysis in cell-mediated immune responses. It cleaves after Asp. Seems to be linked to an activation cascade of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases) responsible for apoptosis execution. Cleaves caspase-3, -7, -9 and 10 to give rise to active enzymes mediating apoptosis.

Tocris Summary for GZMB Gene

  • Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate proteases) are involved in the signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation. These enzymes can be divided into initiators and effectors. The initiator isoforms are activated by, and interact with, upstream adaptor molecules.

Gene Wiki entry for GZMB Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GZMB Gene

Genomics for GZMB Gene

Regulatory Elements for GZMB Gene

Enhancers for GZMB Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around GZMB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GZMB Gene

Chromosome:
14
Start:
24,630,948 bp from pter
End:
24,634,267 bp from pter
Size:
3,320 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GZMB Gene

Genes around GZMB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GZMB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GZMB Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GZMB Gene

Proteins for GZMB Gene

  • Protein details for GZMB Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P10144-GRAB_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Granzyme B
    Protein Accession:
    P10144
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N1D2
    • Q9UCC1

    Protein attributes for GZMB Gene

    Size:
    247 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27716 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GZMB Gene

neXtProt entry for GZMB Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GZMB Gene

Post-translational modifications for GZMB Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 71 and Asn 104
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for GZMB Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GZMB Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P10144

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GRAB_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 peptidase S1 domain.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Granzyme subfamily.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 peptidase S1 domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Granzyme subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GZMB: view

No data available for Gene Families for GZMB Gene

Function for GZMB Gene

Molecular function for GZMB Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated granule serine protease 1,also expressed in lymphokine activated killer (LAK) and natural killer (NK) cells (cathepsin G-like 1) (see SPAS@)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Preferential cleavage: -Asp- -Xaa- >> -Asn- -Xaa- > -Met- -Xaa-, -Ser- -Xaa-.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Inactivated by the serine protease inhibitor diisopropylfluorophosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
This enzyme is necessary for target cell lysis in cell-mediated immune responses. It cleaves after Asp. Seems to be linked to an activation cascade of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases) responsible for apoptosis execution. Cleaves caspase-3, -7, -9 and 10 to give rise to active enzymes mediating apoptosis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in peripheral blood leukocytes.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GZMB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GZMB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity TAS 12524539
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11911826
GO:0008236 serine-type peptidase activity TAS 2402757
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GZMB: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GZMB: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GZMB Gene

Localization for GZMB Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GZMB Gene

Cytoplasmic granule. Note=Cytoplasmic granules of cytolytic T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GZMB Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GZMB gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 4
lysosome 3
vacuole 3
cytoskeleton 1
endosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GZMB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001772 immunological synapse TAS 12524539
GO:0005634 nucleus TAS 11909973
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GZMB: view

Pathways & Interactions for GZMB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GZMB: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for GZMB Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GZMB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006915 apoptotic process TAS 12524539
GO:0016485 protein processing IBA --
GO:0019835 cytolysis IEA --
GO:0042267 natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity IMP 21795594
GO:1900740 positive regulation of protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GZMB: view

Drugs & Compounds for GZMB Gene

(36) Drugs for GZMB Gene - From: ApexBio, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cisplatin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug, Platinum, Potent pro-apoptotic anticancer agent; activates caspase-3 2614
Ac-IEPD-AFC Pharma Recognition motif for serine protease granzyme B 0
Granzyme B Inhibitor Z-AAD-CH2Cl Pharma Cell-permeable and irreversible granzyme B inhibitor 0
AZ 10417808 Pharma Caspase-3 inhibitor,selective non-peptide, Selective non-peptide caspase-3 inhibitor 0
PAC-1 Pharma Procaspase-3 activator, Activator of procaspase-3; pro-apoptotic 0

(31) Additional Compounds for GZMB Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
D-Mannose
  • (+)-mannose
  • (+-)-mannose
  • Carubinose
  • D(+)-Mannose
  • D-Mannopyranose
3458-28-4

(5) Tocris Compounds for GZMB Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AZ 10417808 Selective non-peptide caspase-3 inhibitor 331645-84-2
Cisplatin Potent pro-apoptotic anticancer agent; activates caspase-3 15663-27-1
PAC 1 Activator of procaspase-3; pro-apoptotic 315183-21-2
PETCM Activator of caspase-3 10129-56-3
Z-DEVD-FMK Cell-permeable, irreversible caspase-3 inhibitor

(2) ApexBio Compounds for GZMB Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ac-IEPD-AFC Recognition motif for serine protease granzyme B 1135417-31-0
Granzyme B Inhibitor Z-AAD-CH2Cl Cell-permeable and irreversible granzyme B inhibitor
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GZMB: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for GZMB Gene

Unigene Clusters for GZMB Gene

Granzyme B (granzyme 2, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 1):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GZMB Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c
SP1: -
SP2:
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for GZMB Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GZMB
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GZMB

Expression for GZMB Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GZMB Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GZMB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x42.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GZMB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in NK cells (24.3), Blymphocyte (23.3), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (11.3), and CD8 Tcells (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GZMB Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for GZMB Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GZMB Gene:

GZMB

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GZMB Gene:

Hs.1051
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GZMB: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GZMB Gene

Orthologs for GZMB Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for GZMB Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GZMB 34
  • 79.64 (n)
  • 72.95 (a)
GZMB 35
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GZMB 34
  • 76.75 (n)
  • 70.17 (a)
GZMB 35
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GZMB 34
  • 98.65 (n)
  • 97.98 (a)
GZMB 35
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gzmbl2 34
  • 77.25 (n)
  • 70.39 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gzmb 35
  • 68 (a)
OneToMany
Gzmc 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for GZMB was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for GZMB Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GZMB (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GZMB (if available)

Paralogs for GZMB Gene

Paralogs for GZMB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GZMB: view

Variants for GZMB Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GZMB Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs8192917 - 24,632,954(-) GATAC(A/G)AGACG reference, missense
rs2236338 - 24,631,076(+) TTAGT(A/G)GCGTT reference, missense
rs11539752 - 24,632,383(-) AAAGA(C/G)CCATC reference, missense
rs7144366 -- 24,634,456(+) GTGAA(C/T)TGTAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs8192916 -- 24,635,154(-) TACTG(A/C/T)GAGCC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GZMB Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2748495 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv510631 CNV deletion 20534489

Variation tolerance for GZMB Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.33; 85.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GZMB Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GZMB
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GZMB

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GZMB Gene

Disorders for GZMB Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(39) MalaCards diseases for GZMB Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
lymphocytic gastritis
  • lymphocytic gastritis [ambiguous]
hypersensitivity syndrome, carbamazepine-induced
  • toxic epidermal necrolysis
breast medullary carcinoma
  • medullary breast carcinoma with lymphoid stroma
composite lymphoma
  • composite hodgkin and non-hodgkin lymphoma
panniculitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GZMB in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GZMB

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GZMB
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GZMB
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GZMB
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GZMB: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GZMB Gene

Publications for GZMB Gene

  1. Disparate distribution of 16 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms among racial and ethnic groups of pediatric heart transplant patients. (PMID: 17198275) Girnita D.M. … Zeevi A. (Transplantation 2006) 3 22 46 65
  2. The three-dimensional structure of human granzyme B compared to caspase-3, key mediators of cell death with cleavage specificity for aspartic acid in P1. (PMID: 11325591) Rotonda J. … Becker J.W. (Chem. Biol. 2001) 3 4 22 65
  3. Crystal structure of the caspase activator human granzyme B, a proteinase highly specific for an Asp-P1 residue. (PMID: 11209755) Estebanez-Perpina E. … Bode W. (Biol. Chem. 2000) 3 4 22 65
  4. Isolation of a cDNA clone encoding a novel form of granzyme B from human NK cells and mapping to chromosome 14. (PMID: 2323780) Dahl C.A. … Cairns J.S. (Hum. Genet. 1990) 2 3 4 65
  5. Nucleotide sequence and genomic organization of a human T lymphocyte serine protease gene. (PMID: 2365998) Caputo A. … Rowe P.B. (J. Immunol. 1990) 3 4 22 65

Products for GZMB Gene

Sources for GZMB Gene

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