Aliases for GTF2A2 Gene
External Ids for GTF2A2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GTF2A2 Gene
Accurate transcription initiation on TATA-containing class II genes involves the ordered assembly of RNA polymerase II (POLR2A; MIM 180660) and the general initiation factors TFIIA, TFIIB (MIM 189963), TFIID (MIM 313650), TFIIE (MIM 189962), TFIIF (MIM 189968), TFIIG/TFIIJ, and TFIIH (MIM 189972). The first step involves recognition of the TATA element by the TATA-binding subunit (TBP; MIM 600075) and may be regulated by TFIIA, a factor that interacts with both TBP and a TBP-associated factor (TAF; MIM 600475) in TFIID. TFIIA has 2 subunits (43 and 12 kD) in yeast and 3 subunits in higher eukaryotes. In HeLa extracts, it consists of a 35-kD alpha subunit and a 19-kD beta subunit encoded by the N- and C-terminal regions of GTF2A1 (MIM 600520), respectively, and a 12-kD gamma subunit encoded by GTF2A2 (DeJong et al., 1995 [PubMed 7724559]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GTF2A2 Gene
GTF2A2 (General Transcription Factor IIA, 2, 12kDa) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Infectious disease and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and transcription factor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GTF2A2 Gene
TFIIA is a component of the transcription machinery of RNA polymerase II and plays an important role in transcriptional activation. TFIIA in a complex with TBP mediates transcriptional activity.