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Aliases for GSTT2B Gene

Aliases for GSTT2B Gene

  • Glutathione S-Transferase Theta 2B (Gene/Pseudogene) 2 3 5
  • GST Class-Theta-2 3 4
  • Glutathione S-Transferase Theta-2B 3
  • Glutathione S-Transferase Theta 2 3
  • Glutathione S-Transferase Theta-2 4
  • EC 4
  • GSTT2P 3
  • GSTT2 4

External Ids for GSTT2B Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GSTT2B Gene

  • GC22M022631
  • GC22M024299

Summaries for GSTT2B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GSTT2B Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene, glutathione S-transferase (GST) theta 2B (GSTT2B), is a member of a superfamily of proteins that catalyze the conjugation of reduced glutathione to a variety of electrophilic and hydrophobic compounds. Human GSTs can be divided into five main classes: alpha, mu, pi, theta, and zeta. The theta class includes GSTT1, GSTT2, and GSTT2B. GSTT2 and GSTT2B are nearly identical to each other, and share 55% amino acid identity with GSTT1. All three genes may play a role in human carcinogenesis. The GSTT2B gene is a pseudogene in some populations. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]

GeneCards Summary for GSTT2B Gene

GSTT2B (Glutathione S-Transferase Theta 2B (Gene/Pseudogene)) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity and glutathione transferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is GSTT2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTT2B Gene

  • Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Has a sulfatase activity.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GSTT2B Gene

Genomics for GSTT2B Gene

Regulatory Elements for GSTT2B Gene

Enhancers for GSTT2B Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH22F023919 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 28.3 +41.3 41268 1.6 SAP130 CEBPG THRB RARA TEAD3 SLC30A9 NR2F6 SOX5 GATAD2A TEAD1 ENSG00000273295 GSTT2B PIR55438 PIR45367
GH22F023921 0.2 ENCODE 25.6 +39.3 39339 1.3 ARID4B ZNF48 RARA POLR3A FOS THAP11 CEBPB KAT8 RAD51 MIER3 ENSG00000273295 GSTT2B GSTT2 PIR45367 PIR55438
GH22F023907 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 24.3 +49.2 49185 8.2 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ENSG00000273295 DRICH1 GSTT2B GSTT2 ENSG00000272578 ENSG00000225282 FBXW4P1 CABIN1 GC22M025744 PIR36565
GH22F023892 0.6 ENCODE 11.9 +66.0 66045 4.7 HDGF WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZNF416 ZNF143 PAF1 ZNF263 SP3 ENSG00000273295 GSTT2B MIF-AS1 GSTT2 GC22M025784 PIR60640 PIR61514
GH22F023898 0.5 ENCODE 11.6 +63.1 63086 0.2 PAF1 KLF11 GLIS2 POLR2A PRDM10 FEZF1 ZIC2 ENSG00000273295 GSTT2B GC22M025814 GC22M025821 PIR35276 PIR43073
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GSTT2B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GSTT2B Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001842338 -166 1201 ESRRA SAP130 SIN3A ZKSCAN1 CTBP1 FOS RCOR1 ZNF687 TFE3 RFX1
ENSR00001842339 -1066 200

Genomic Location for GSTT2B Gene

23,957,414 bp from pter
23,961,234 bp from pter
3,821 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GSTT2B Gene

Genes around GSTT2B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GSTT2B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GSTT2B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GSTT2B Gene

Proteins for GSTT2B Gene

  • Protein details for GSTT2B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glutathione S-transferase theta-2B
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O60665
    • P30712
    • Q6IPV7
    • Q9HD76

    Protein attributes for GSTT2B Gene

    244 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27507 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GSTT2B Gene

neXtProt entry for GSTT2B Gene

Post-translational modifications for GSTT2B Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GSTT2B Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GSTT2B Gene

Domains & Families for GSTT2B Gene

Gene Families for GSTT2B Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GSTT2B Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 GST C-terminal domain.
  • Belongs to the GST superfamily. Theta family.
  • Contains 1 GST C-terminal domain.
  • Contains 1 GST N-terminal domain.
  • Belongs to the GST superfamily. Theta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GSTT2B: view

Function for GSTT2B Gene

Molecular function for GSTT2B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Has a sulfatase activity.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GSTT2B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GSTT2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004364 glutathione transferase activity TAS --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTT2B: view

Phenotypes for GSTT2B Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for GSTT2B:
inferred from 1 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for GSTT2B:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GSTT2B: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GSTT2B Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GSTT2B

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GSTT2B Gene

Localization for GSTT2B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTT2B Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GSTT2B Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GSTT2B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GSTT2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTT2B: view

Pathways & Interactions for GSTT2B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GSTT2B: view

Pathways by source for GSTT2B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GSTT2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process IBA --
GO:1901687 glutathione derivative biosynthetic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTT2B: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GSTT2B Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GSTT2B Gene

(3) Drugs for GSTT2B Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0
Glutathione Approved Nutra 0
Trichloroethylene Pharma 5

(38) Additional Compounds for GSTT2B Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(1S,2R)-Naphthalene 1,2-oxide
1,1-Dichloroethylene epoxide
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GSTT2B: view

Transcripts for GSTT2B Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GSTT2B Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GSTT2B Gene

Glutathione S-transferase theta 2B (gene/pseudogene):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GSTT2B Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GSTT2B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GSTT2B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GSTT2B Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GSTT2B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GSTT2B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal heart (19.4), Ovary (18.6), Fetal ovary (7.0), and Fetal testis (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GSTT2B Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GSTT2B Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GSTT2B Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GSTT2B Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed at low levels in liver. In lung, expressed at low levels in ciliated bronchiolar cells, alveolar macrophages and alveolar type II cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GSTT2B: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for GSTT2B Gene

Orthologs for GSTT2B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GSTT2B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GSTT2B 35
  • 99 (a)
GSTT2 34
  • 98.91 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100686488 34
  • 81.56 (n)
-- 35
  • 75 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gstt2 34
  • 80.46 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gstt2 34 16 35
  • 79.37 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 60 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GSTT3 35
  • 52 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 50 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GSTT1 35
  • 43 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 46 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gstt1b 35
  • 47 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1681 35
  • 30 (a)
CG30000 35
  • 30 (a)
CG1702 35
  • 27 (a)
CG30005 35
  • 27 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 36 (a)
Species where no ortholog for GSTT2B was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GSTT2B Gene

Gene Tree for GSTT2B (if available)
Gene Tree for GSTT2B (if available)

Paralogs for GSTT2B Gene

Paralogs for GSTT2B Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for GSTT2B Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GSTT2B: view

Variants for GSTT2B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GSTT2B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs111351616 -- 23,957,387(+) CACAA(C/T)AATGT downstream-variant-500B
rs138877875 -- 23,958,458(+) CAACA(C/T)CTGAT reference, missense
rs139645773 -- 23,959,952(+) tccgc(C/T)tcctg intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs140184 -- 23,963,059(+) GGACC(A/G)CCTCT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs140185 -- 23,961,757(-) TCCTT(A/G)ACCCC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GSTT2B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv35n47 CNV loss 21111241
dgv4528n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4532n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4534n100 CNV loss 25217958
dgv4535n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4536n100 CNV loss 25217958
dgv751n67 CNV loss 20364138
dgv8039n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv826e199 CNV deletion 23128226
esv1449016 OTHER inversion 17803354
esv2421686 OTHER complex 20811451
esv2593346 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2656467 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2656800 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2667916 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2724041 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2724066 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2966013 CNV deletion 24192839
esv3034901 CNV deletion 24192839
esv3557984 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3575443 CNV gain 25503493
esv3575444 CNV gain 25503493
esv3584777 CNV loss 24956385
esv3893452 CNV gain+loss 25118596
esv3893453 CNV loss 25118596
esv3893457 CNV gain 25118596
esv3893461 CNV gain 25118596
esv6716 CNV loss 19470904
esv999560 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1057737 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1059397 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1063251 CNV gain+loss 25217958
nsv1066891 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1072628 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1072629 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1110863 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv1145372 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1153441 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv1160735 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv1160736 OTHER complex 26073780
nsv197 CNV deletion 15895083
nsv436348 CNV deletion 17901297
nsv442792 CNV loss 18776908
nsv469844 CNV loss 16826518
nsv471424 CNV gain 19718026
nsv482074 CNV gain 20164927
nsv511075 OTHER complex 20534489
nsv511643 CNV loss 21212237
nsv512650 CNV loss 21212237
nsv526567 CNV gain 19592680
nsv588651 CNV gain 21841781
nsv588669 CNV loss 21841781
nsv7350 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv829105 CNV loss 20364138
nsv829109 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834155 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv953055 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv964607 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv979656 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for GSTT2B Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 4.53; 64.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GSTT2B Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTT2B Gene

Disorders for GSTT2B Gene

Relevant External Links for GSTT2B

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for GSTT2B Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GSTT2B Gene

Publications for GSTT2B Gene

  1. Structure and organization of the human theta-class glutathione S-transferase and D-dopachrome tautomerase gene complex. (PMID: 9729470) Coggan M. … Board P. (Biochem. J. 1998) 2 3 64
  2. Molecular cloning of a cDNA and chromosomal localization of a human theta-class glutathione S-transferase gene (GSTT2) to chromosome 22. (PMID: 7789971) Tan K.L. … Board P.G. (Genomics 1995) 3 4 64
  3. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3 64
  4. In-depth proteomic analyses of exosomes isolated from expressed prostatic secretions in urine. (PMID: 23533145) Principe S. … Drake R.R. (Proteomics 2013) 3 64
  5. Influence of fetal glutathione S-transferase copy number variants on adverse reproductive outcomes. (PMID: 22676722) Bustamante M. … Kogevinas M. (BJOG 2012) 3 64

Products for GSTT2B Gene

Sources for GSTT2B Gene

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