Aliases for GSTT1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene, glutathione S-transferase (GST) theta 1 (GSTT1), is a member of a superfamily of proteins that catalyze the conjugation of reduced glutathione to a variety of electrophilic and hydrophobic compounds. Human GSTs can be divided into five main classes: alpha, mu, pi, theta, and zeta. The theta class includes GSTT1 and GSTT2. GSTT1 and GSTT2 share 55% amino acid sequence identity and both may play an important role in human carcinogenesis. The GSTT1 and GSTT2 genes have a similar structure, being composed of five exons with identical exon/intron boundaries. This GSTT1 gene is haplotype-specific and is absent from 38% of the population. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Two related pseudogenes, which are also located on chromosome 22, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]
GeneCards Summary for GSTT1 Gene
GSTT1 (Glutathione S-Transferase Theta 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GSTT1 include asbestosis and oral cancer. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Chemical carcinogenesis. GO annotations related to this gene include glutathione transferase activity and glutathione peroxidase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTT1 Gene
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Acts on 1,2-epoxy-3-(4-nitrophenoxy)propane, phenethylisothiocyanate 4-nitrobenzyl chloride and 4-nitrophenethyl bromide. Displays glutathione peroxidase activity with cumene hydroperoxide.