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Aliases for GSTM3 Gene

Aliases for GSTM3 Gene

  • Glutathione S-Transferase Mu 3 2 3 5
  • Glutathione S-Transferase Mu 3 (Brain) 2 3
  • Glutathione S-Transferase M3 (Brain) 2 3
  • GST Class-Mu 3 3 4
  • EC 2.5.1.18 4 61
  • HGSTM3-3 3 4
  • GSTM3-3 3 4
  • GST5 3 4
  • Brain Type Mu-Glutathione S-Transferase 3
  • S-(Hydroxyalkyl)Glutathione Lyase M3 3
  • Glutathione S-Aralkyltransferase M3 3
  • Glutathione S-Alkyltransferase M3 3
  • Glutathione S-Aryltransferase M3 3
  • Glutathione S-Transferase, Mu-3 3
  • Brain GST 3
  • GSTB 3
  • GTM3 3

External Ids for GSTM3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GSTM3 Gene

  • GC01M110758
  • GC01M109208
  • GC01M109381
  • GC01M109577
  • GC01M109576
  • GC01M109988
  • GC01M110276
  • GC01M108146

Summaries for GSTM3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GSTM3 Gene

  • Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individual's susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs. Mutations of this class mu gene have been linked with a slight increase in a number of cancers, likely due to exposure with environmental toxins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GSTM3 Gene

GSTM3 (Glutathione S-Transferase Mu 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GSTM3 include Pharynx Cancer and Larynx Cancer. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and enzyme binding. An important paralog of this gene is GSTM1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTM3 Gene

  • Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. May govern uptake and detoxification of both endogenous compounds and xenobiotics at the testis and brain blood barriers.

Gene Wiki entry for GSTM3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GSTM3 Gene

Genomics for GSTM3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GSTM3 Gene

Enhancers for GSTM3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F109739 0.9 ENCODE 95.6 +0.8 757 1.8 TBP PKNOX1 MLX INSM2 ZNF76 ARID4B SIN3A RAD21 GATA4 RCOR1 GSTM3 ENSG00000241720
GH01F109728 0.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE 73.1 +11.9 11919 0.9 SREBF1 NFYC TEAD3 GSTM3 ENSG00000241720
GH01F109863 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 19.8 -123.8 -123837 2.4 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC RPL17P7 RPS27P6 GSTM2 GSTM3 CSF1 ENSG00000235005 ENSG00000258634 GSTM5 GNAI3 GC01P109862
GH01F109711 0.6 ENCODE 51.2 +28.7 28702 1.5 CTCF RFX1 POLR2A SCRT2 MYNN BMI1 ZIC2 GSTM3 GSTM5 GSTM1 SORT1 ENSG00000241720
GH01F109725 0.9 ENCODE 30.6 +15.0 15030 1.6 HDAC1 CBX3 PKNOX1 ARNT ZBTB40 GATA2 RCOR1 FOS CREM CEBPB GSTM3 GSTM5 EPS8L3 ENSG00000228703 AMPD2 AHCYL1 GPR61 ENSG00000225113 AMIGO1 RNU6V
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GSTM3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GSTM3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000542421 837 1600 TBP PKNOX1 MLX INSM2 ZNF76 KLF17 ARID4B SIN3A RAD21 GATA4

Genomic Location for GSTM3 Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
109,733,932 bp from pter
End:
109,741,038 bp from pter
Size:
7,107 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GSTM3 Gene

Genes around GSTM3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GSTM3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GSTM3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GSTM3 Gene

Proteins for GSTM3 Gene

  • Protein details for GSTM3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P21266-GSTM3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glutathione S-transferase Mu 3
    Protein Accession:
    P21266
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O60550
    • Q96HA3

    Protein attributes for GSTM3 Gene

    Size:
    225 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    26560 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GSTM3 Gene

neXtProt entry for GSTM3 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GSTM3 Gene

P21266:
  • TEEEKIRVDI
  • TQSNAILRY
  • LGYWDIRG
  • APDYDRSQWL
  • RFEALEKI
  • LDFPNLPYL
  • CGETEEE
  • KITQSNAI

Post-translational modifications for GSTM3 Gene

Other Protein References for GSTM3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for GSTM3
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for GSTM3

Domains & Families for GSTM3 Gene

Gene Families for GSTM3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P21266

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GSTM3_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 GST C-terminal domain.
  • Belongs to the GST superfamily. Mu family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 GST C-terminal domain.
  • Contains 1 GST N-terminal domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the GST superfamily. Mu family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GSTM3: view

Function for GSTM3 Gene

Molecular function for GSTM3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glutathione-S-transferase 3,mu class,expressed in brain
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=1.1 mM for 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10587441}; KM=0.084 mM for glutathione {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10587441};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. May govern uptake and detoxification of both endogenous compounds and xenobiotics at the testis and brain blood barriers.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GSTM3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GSTM3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004364 glutathione transferase activity TAS --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0019899 enzyme binding IPI 8373352
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IEA,IPI 8373352
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTM3: view

Phenotypes for GSTM3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GSTM3: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GSTM3 Gene

Localization for GSTM3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTM3 Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GSTM3 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GSTM3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 8373352
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0035686 sperm fibrous sheath IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTM3: view

Pathways & Interactions for GSTM3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GSTM3: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GSTM3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process IDA 8373352
GO:0008065 establishment of blood-nerve barrier TAS 2345169
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0018916 nitrobenzene metabolic process IDA 8373352
GO:0042178 xenobiotic catabolic process IDA 8373352
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSTM3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GSTM3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GSTM3 Gene

(8) Drugs for GSTM3 Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Glutathione Approved Nutra Target 0
Vitamin E Approved, Vet_approved Nutra Enzyme, inducer 406,403
Cisplatin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug, Platinum, Potent pro-apoptotic anticancer agent; activates caspase-3 2690
Cyclophosphamide Approved, Investigational Pharma Nitrogen mustard alkylating agent and prodrug. 2829
Olanzapine Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist 395

(41) Additional Compounds for GSTM3 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(1R)-Glutathionyl-(2R)-hydroxy-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
(1R)-Hydroxy-(2R)-glutathionyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
(1S)-Hydroxy-(2S)-glutathionyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
(1S,2R)-Naphthalene 1,2-oxide
1,1-Dichloroethylene epoxide
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GSTM3: view

Transcripts for GSTM3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GSTM3 Gene

Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (brain):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GSTM3 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3:
SP4:

Relevant External Links for GSTM3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GSTM3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GSTM3

Expression for GSTM3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GSTM3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GSTM3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x5.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GSTM3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (10.1) and Ovary (6.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GSTM3 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for GSTM3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GSTM3 Gene:

GSTM3

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GSTM3 Gene:

Hs.2006

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GSTM3 Gene:

P21266-GSTM3_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Testis and brain.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GSTM3: view

Orthologs for GSTM3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GSTM3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GSTM3 34 35
  • 99.41 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GSTM3 34 35
  • 89.34 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gstm5 34 16 35
  • 87.88 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GSTM3 34 35
  • 87.11 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100912430 34
  • 86.37 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 79 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 68 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GSTM3 35
  • 44 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 70 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 65 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 57 (a)
ManyToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:173994 34 35
  • 67.59 (n)
gstm 35
  • 65 (a)
ManyToMany
gstm3 35
  • 64 (a)
ManyToMany
wufc26g06 34
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gst-1 35
  • 33 (a)
ManyToMany
gst-23 35
  • 32 (a)
ManyToMany
gst-25 35
  • 29 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 43 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 33 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for GSTM3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GSTM3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GSTM3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GSTM3 (if available)

Paralogs for GSTM3 Gene

Paralogs for GSTM3 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for GSTM3 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GSTM3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GSTM3: view

Variants for GSTM3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GSTM3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1055259 -- 109,734,239(-) AGCTC(A/G)TTATA nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs10713577 -- 109,742,737(+) TTTTC(-/T)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs10735234 -- 109,739,319(+) TATCC(A/G)GGTTA intron-variant
rs10857798 -- 109,735,634(+) gaatg(A/T)ttttt nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs10857799 -- 109,735,635(+) aatgt(G/T)ttttt nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GSTM3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1003914 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for GSTM3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 56.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.07; 60.85% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GSTM3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GSTM3
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GSTM3

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSTM3 Gene

Disorders for GSTM3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for GSTM3 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pharynx cancer
  • pharyngeal cancer
larynx cancer
  • laryngeal benign neoplasm
basal cell carcinoma
  • basal cell cancer
oral cancer
  • malignant neoplasm of mouth
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GSTM3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GSTM3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GSTM3
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GSTM3
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GSTM3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GSTM3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GSTM3 Gene

Publications for GSTM3 Gene

  1. An international case-control study of glutathione transferase and functionally related polymorphisms and risk of primary adult brain tumors. (PMID: 17372252) Schwartzbaum J.A. … Feychting M. (Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2007) 3 22 25 46 64
  2. Genetic polymorphisms in phase I and phase II enzymes and breast cancer risk associated with menopausal hormone therapy in postmenopausal women. (PMID: 19424794) (Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2010) 3 22 46 64
  3. Genetic variants in GSTM3 gene within GSTM4-GSTM2-GSTM1-GSTM5-GSTM3 cluster influence breast cancer susceptibility depending on GSTM1. (PMID: 19856098) Yu K.D. … Shao Z.M. (Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2010) 3 22 46 64
  4. A GSTM3 polymorphism associated with an etiopathogenetic mechanism in Alzheimer disease. (PMID: 18423940) Maes O.C. … Wang E. (Neurobiol. Aging 2010) 3 22 46 64
  5. GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTM3 and NAT2 polymorphisms in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in a Greek population. (PMID: 19922706) Chatzimichalis M. … Bibas A. (J Laryngol Otol 2010) 3 22 46 64

Products for GSTM3 Gene

Sources for GSTM3 Gene

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