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Aliases for GSC2 Gene

Aliases for GSC2 Gene

  • Goosecoid Homeobox 2 2 3
  • GSCL 3 4 6
  • GSC-2 3 4
  • GSC-L 3 4
  • Homeobox Protein Goosecoid-Like 4
  • Homeobox Protein Goosecoid-2 3
  • Goosecoid-Like 2

External Ids for GSC2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GSC2 Gene

  • GSCL

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GSC2 Gene

  • GC22M017516

Summaries for GSC2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GSC2 Gene

  • Goosecoidlike (GSCL), a homeodomain-containing gene, resides in the critical region for VCFS/DGS on 22q11. Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) is a developmental disorder characterized by conotruncal heart defects, craniofacial anomalies, and learning disabilities. VCFS is phenotypically related to DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) and both syndromes are associated with hemizygous 22q11 deletions. Because many of the tissues and structures affected in VCFS/DGS derive from the pharyngeal arches of the developing embryo, it is believed that haploinsufficiency of a gene involved in embryonic development may be responsible for its etiology. The gene is expressed in a limited number of adult tissues, as well as in early human development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GSC2 Gene

GSC2 (Goosecoid Homeobox 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GSC2 include velocardiofacial syndrome. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity and sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is PITX3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSC2 Gene

  • May have a role in development. May regulate its own transcription. May bind the bicoid consensus sequence TAATCC

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GSC2 Gene

Genomics for GSC2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GSC2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for GSC2 Gene

19,148,576 bp from pter
19,150,283 bp from pter
1,708 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GSC2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GSC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GSC2 Gene

Proteins for GSC2 Gene

  • Protein details for GSC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Homeobox protein goosecoid-2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for GSC2 Gene

    205 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21545 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for GSC2 Gene

Proteomics data for GSC2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GSC2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GSC2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GSC2 Gene

Domains for GSC2 Gene

Gene Families for GSC2 Gene

  • PRD :Homeoboxes / PRD class

Protein Domains for GSC2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GSC2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O15499
  • Contains 1 homeobox DNA-binding domain.
  • Belongs to the paired homeobox family. Bicoid subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GSC2: view

Function for GSC2 Gene

Molecular function for GSC2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: May have a role in development. May regulate its own transcription. May bind the bicoid consensus sequence TAATCC

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding TAS 9441739
GO:0003700 sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity IDA 9700206
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSC2: view

Phenotypes for GSC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GSC2: view

Animal Models for GSC2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GSC2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GSC2 Gene

Localization for GSC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GSC2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GSC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSC2: view

Pathways for GSC2 Gene

SuperPathways for GSC2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 9700206
GO:0009653 anatomical structure morphogenesis TAS 9150167
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GSC2: view

No data available for Pathways by source for GSC2 Gene

Transcripts for GSC2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GSC2 Gene

(0) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GSC2 Gene

Goosecoid homeobox 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GSC2

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for GSC2

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GSC2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GSC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GSC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GSC2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GSC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (42.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GSC2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GSC2 Gene Hs.534318

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GSC2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Detected in adult testis and pituitary, and in 9-10 week fetal tissue (thorax). Probably expressed in other tissues at low levels
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GSC2: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for GSC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GSC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GSC2 36
  • 70 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gsc2 35
  • 78.92 (n)
  • 77.3 (a)
Gsc2 16
Gsc2 36
  • 71 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GSC2 36
  • 46 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gsc2 35
  • 78.38 (n)
  • 76.22 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GSC2 35
  • 65.47 (n)
  • 65.77 (a)
GSC2 36
  • 47 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GSC2 36
  • 48 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gsc2 35
  • 59.05 (n)
  • 61.9 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC101885810 35
  • 64.34 (n)
  • 68.6 (a)
zgc:101100 36
  • 19 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gsc 36
  • 16 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ceh-45 36
  • 26 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GSC2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GSC2 Gene

Gene Tree for GSC2 (if available)
Gene Tree for GSC2 (if available)

Paralogs for GSC2 Gene

Paralogs for GSC2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for GSC2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GSC2: view

Variants for GSC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GSC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2071339 -- 19,148,690(-) ACCAC(C/T)CCGTA downstream-variant-500B
rs3761405 -- 19,151,855(+) CCCAA(C/G)ATTTG upstream-variant-2KB
rs3761406 -- 19,152,050(+) TCCAC(C/T)ACCAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs4819779 -- 19,150,929(+) AGTTC(C/T)CCGTC upstream-variant-2KB
rs5993542 -- 19,149,209(+) ACGGC(A/G)CTGTA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GSC2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv435744 CNV Deletion 17901297
nsv914263 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv914268 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv834122 CNV Loss 17160897

Relevant External Links for GSC2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSC2 Gene

Disorders for GSC2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (1) Diseases for GSC2 Gene including...

Search for GSC2 Gene in MalaCards »

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for GSC2 Gene

Relevant External Links for GSC2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GSC2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GSC2 Gene

Publications for GSC2 Gene

  1. The DiGeorge syndrome minimal critical region contains a goosecoid- like (GSCL) homeobox gene that is expressed early in human development. (PMID: 9150167) Gottlieb S. … Budarf M.L. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. Characterization and mutation analysis of goosecoid-like (GSCL), a homeodomain-containing gene that maps to the critical region for VCFS/DGS on 22q11. (PMID: 9441739) Funke B. … Morrow B.E. (Genomics 1997) 3 4
  3. Goosecoid-like, a gene deleted in DiGeorge and velocardiofacial syndromes, recognizes DNA with a bicoid-like specificity and is expressed in the developing mouse brain. (PMID: 9700206) Gottlieb S. … Budarf M.L. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 1998) 3
  4. Rnf4, a RING protein expressed in the developing nervous and reproductive systems, interacts with Gscl, a gene within the DiGeorge critical region. (PMID: 10822263) Galili N. … Buck C.A. (Dev. Dyn. 2000) 3
  5. Novel Loci for metabolic networks and multi-tissue expression studies reveal genes for atherosclerosis. (PMID: 22916037) Inouye M. … de Bakker P.I. (PLoS Genet. 2012) 3

Products for GSC2 Gene

Sources for GSC2 Gene

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