Aliases for GRP Gene
External Ids for GRP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRP Gene
This gene encodes a member of the bombesin-like family of gastrin-releasing peptides. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate two peptides, gastrin-releasing peptide and neuromedin-C. These peptides regulate numerous functions of the gastrointestinal and central nervous systems, including release of gastrointestinal hormones, smooth muscle cell contraction, and epithelial cell proliferation. These peptides are also likely to play a role in human cancers of the lung, colon, stomach, pancreas, breast, and prostate. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for GRP Gene
GRP (Gastrin Releasing Peptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRP include Duodenal Ulcer and Lung Cancer. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Incretin synthesis, secretion, and inactivation. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and neuropeptide hormone activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GRP Gene
GRP stimulates gastrin release as well as other gastrointestinal hormones. Operates as a negative feedback regulating fear and established a causal relationship between GRP-receptor gene expression, long-term potentiation, and amygdala-dependent memory for fear (By similarity).
Bombesin receptors are activated by the endogenous ligands gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), neuromedin B (NMB) and GRP18-27 (neuromedin C). Three subtypes of bombesin receptor are known: BB1, BB2 and an orphan receptor (bb3).