Aliases for GRIA3 Gene
External Ids for GRIA3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GRIA3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRIA3 Gene
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. These receptors are heteromeric protein complexes composed of multiple subunits, arranged to form ligand-gated ion channels. The classification of glutamate receptors is based on their activation by different pharmacologic agonists. The subunit encoded by this gene belongs to a family of AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate)-sensitive glutamate receptors, and is subject to RNA editing (AGA->GGA; R->G). Alternative splicing at this locus results in different isoforms, which may vary in their signal transduction properties. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GRIA3 Gene
GRIA3 (Glutamate Receptor, Ionotropic, AMPA 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRIA3 include x-linked intellectual disability due to gria3 anomalies and rasmussen encephalitis. Among its related pathways are CREB Pathway and CREB Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include extracellular-glutamate-gated ion channel activity and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate selective glutamate receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GRID2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GRIA3 Gene
Receptor for glutamate that functions as ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system and plays an important role in excitatory synaptic transmission. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. In the presence of CACNG4 or CACNG7 or CACNG8, shows resensitization which is characterized by a delayed accumulation of current flux upon continued application of glutamate.
AMPA receptors are members of the ionotropic class of glutamate receptors, which also includes NMDA and kainate receptors. AMPA receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the CNS and play a key role in hippocampal synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD). AMPA receptors consist of GluR1-4 subunits which assemble as homomers or heteromers to form functional AMPA receptors. The subunit composition determines the physiological properties of AMPA receptors: those containing the GluR2 subunit show low permeability to Ca2+ whereas those lacking this subunit show high Ca2+ permeability.