Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GREB1 Gene

Aliases for GREB1 Gene

  • Growth Regulation By Estrogen In Breast Cancer 1 2 3 5
  • Gene Regulated By Estrogen In Breast Cancer 2
  • Gene Regulated In Breast Cancer 1 Protein 4
  • KIAA0575 4

External Ids for GREB1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GREB1 Gene

  • GC02P011537
  • GC02P011725
  • GC02P011695
  • GC02P011624
  • GC02P011591
  • GC02P011674
  • GC02P011524
  • GC02P011536

Summaries for GREB1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GREB1 Gene

  • This gene is an estrogen-responsive gene that is an early response gene in the estrogen receptor-regulated pathway. It is thought to play an important role in hormone-responsive tissues and cancer. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GREB1 Gene

GREB1 (Growth Regulation By Estrogen In Breast Cancer 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GREB1 include Breast Cancer. Among its related pathways are Ectoderm Differentiation. An important paralog of this gene is GREB1L.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GREB1 Gene

  • May play a role in estrogen-stimulated cell proliferation. Acts as a regulator of hormone-dependent cancer growth in breast and prostate cancers.

Additional gene information for GREB1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GREB1 Gene

Genomics for GREB1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GREB1 Gene

Enhancers for GREB1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH02H011480 1.6 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 +0.7 712 4 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 GLI4 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF121 GREB1 LPIN1 LOC100506405 ROCK2 GC02P011518
GH02H011505 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +24.6 24586 3 FOXA2 ATF1 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 ATF7 RUNX3 SP5 GREB1 GC02P011518
GH02H011512 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 12.5 +32.1 32087 3 HDGF FOXA2 NFIB ARNT YBX1 THRB ZNF366 FOS ZNF592 ZNF217 GREB1 NOL10 LOC100506405 LPIN1 GC02P011518
GH02H011554 1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +71.7 71740 1 RNF2 IKZF1 ETV6 GABPA GREB1 LPIN1 TRG-CCC7-1 RNU2-13P
GH02H011557 0.7 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +76.6 76594 2 GATA3 RCOR1 LPIN1 GREB1 LOC100506405 RNU2-13P TRG-CCC7-1
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GREB1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GREB1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000112924 559 601 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 GLI4 ZNF2 ZBTB7B ZNF121 ZNF207 ZNF592

Genomic Location for GREB1 Gene

11,482,341 bp from pter
11,642,788 bp from pter
160,448 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GREB1 Gene

Genes around GREB1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GREB1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GREB1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GREB1 Gene

Proteins for GREB1 Gene

  • Protein details for GREB1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein GREB1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NHD0
    • A6NKN0
    • B5MDA9
    • O60321
    • Q7Z5S2
    • Q9H2Q6
    • Q9H2Q7
    • Q9H2Q8

    Protein attributes for GREB1 Gene

    1949 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    216467 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BAA25501.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for GREB1 Gene


neXtProt entry for GREB1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GREB1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GREB1 Gene

Domains & Families for GREB1 Gene

Gene Families for GREB1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for GREB1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GREB1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the GREB1 family.
  • Belongs to the GREB1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GREB1: view

Function for GREB1 Gene

Molecular function for GREB1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in estrogen-stimulated cell proliferation. Acts as a regulator of hormone-dependent cancer growth in breast and prostate cancers.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Estrogen-responsive; regulated by estrogen receptors. Regulated by androgens. The regulatory region of the gene contains 3 estrogen-responsive elements.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GREB1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GREB1: view

Animal Models for GREB1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GREB1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GREB1 Gene

Localization for GREB1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GREB1 Gene

Membrane; Single-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GREB1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 3
mitochondrion 2
cytosol 2
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Mitochondria (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GREB1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 18570454
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GREB1: view

Pathways & Interactions for GREB1 Gene

SuperPathways for GREB1 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Ectoderm Differentiation
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GREB1: view

Pathways by source for GREB1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for GREB1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GREB1 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GREB1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GREB1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GREB1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GREB1 Gene

Growth regulation by estrogen in breast cancer 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GREB1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GREB1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GREB1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GREB1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GREB1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (x17.0) and Prostate (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GREB1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus (30.5), Retina (29.4), and Ovary (8.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GREB1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GREB1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GREB1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GREB1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in proliferating prostatic tissue and prostate cancer.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GREB1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.1)
  • Skin(4)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GREB1: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GREB1 Gene

Orthologs for GREB1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GREB1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GREB1 34 33
  • 99.3 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GREB1 34 33
  • 88.34 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GREB1 34 33
  • 87.59 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 86 (a)
-- 34
  • 80 (a)
-- 34
  • 64 (a)
-- 34
  • 64 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Greb1 16 34 33
  • 84.86 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Greb1 33
  • 84.42 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GREB1 34
  • 84 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GREB1 34 33
  • 72.25 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GREB1 34
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia greb1 33
  • 68.18 (n)
Str.16465 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.13835 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii greb1 33 34
  • 65.64 (n)
Dr.17964 33
Species where no ortholog for GREB1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GREB1 Gene

Gene Tree for GREB1 (if available)
Gene Tree for GREB1 (if available)

Paralogs for GREB1 Gene

Paralogs for GREB1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for GREB1 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins: Pseudogenes for GREB1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GREB1: view

Variants for GREB1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GREB1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000006817 -- 11,604,743(+) CATAC(C/T)GCACT intron-variant
rs1000023861 -- 11,636,212(+) AAGGC(C/T)CCCAC intron-variant
rs1000026085 -- 11,542,301(+) ACCTG(G/T)CTATC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000036281 -- 11,554,061(+) CCCCA(A/G)ATGTG intron-variant
rs1000050142 -- 11,592,181(+) CTTTT(C/T)TTTTT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GREB1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1008112 CNV insertion 20482838
esv1097706 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1172824 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1626684 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1662162 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2719672 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719674 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719675 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719676 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv1134830 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1138749 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv472919 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv953449 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for GREB1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 83.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 20.48; 99.11% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GREB1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GREB1 Gene

Disorders for GREB1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for GREB1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
breast cancer
  • breast cancer, invasive ductal
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GREB1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GREB1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GREB1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GREB1 Gene

Publications for GREB1 Gene

  1. PDZK1 and GREB1 are estrogen-regulated genes expressed in hormone-responsive breast cancer. (PMID: 11103799) Ghosh MG … Weigel RJ (Cancer research 2000) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Coeliac disease-associated risk variants in TNFAIP3 and REL implicate altered NF-kappaB signalling. (PMID: 19240061) Trynka G … Wijmenga C (Gut 2009) 3 45 60
  3. Long-range activation of GREB1 by estrogen receptor via three distal consensus estrogen-responsive elements in breast cancer cells. (PMID: 17666587) Sun J … Slingerland JM (Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.) 2007) 3 4 60
  4. Regulation of GREB1 transcription by estrogen receptor alpha through a multipartite enhancer spread over 20 kb of upstream flanking sequences. (PMID: 17463000) Deschênes J … Mader S (The Journal of biological chemistry 2007) 3 4 60
  5. GREB1 is a novel androgen-regulated gene required for prostate cancer growth. (PMID: 16496412) Rae JM … Lippman ME (The Prostate 2006) 3 4 60

Products for GREB1 Gene

Sources for GREB1 Gene

Loading form....