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Aliases for GPX3 Gene

Aliases for GPX3 Gene

  • Glutathione Peroxidase 3 2 3 5
  • Extracellular Glutathione Peroxidase 3 4
  • Glutathione Peroxidase 3 (Plasma) 2 3
  • Plasma Glutathione Peroxidase 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • GSHPx-3 3 4
  • GSHPx-P 3 4
  • GPx-3 3 4
  • GPx-P 3 4
  • EC 1.11.1 61
  • GPXP 4

External Ids for GPX3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GPX3 Gene

  • GC05P150468
  • GC05P150429
  • GC05P150430
  • GC05P150381
  • GC05P145545

Summaries for GPX3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GPX3 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family, members of which catalyze the reduction of organic hydroperoxides and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by glutathione, and thereby protect cells against oxidative damage. Several isozymes of this gene family exist in vertebrates, which vary in cellular location and substrate specificity. This isozyme is secreted, and is abundantly found in plasma. Downregulation of expression of this gene by promoter hypermethylation has been observed in a wide spectrum of human malignancies, including thyroid cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic myeloid leukemia. This isozyme is also a selenoprotein, containing the rare amino acid selenocysteine (Sec) at its active site. Sec is encoded by the UGA codon, which normally signals translation termination. The 3' UTRs of selenoprotein mRNAs contain a conserved stem-loop structure, designated the Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element, that is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon, rather than as a stop signal. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]

GeneCards Summary for GPX3 Gene

GPX3 (Glutathione Peroxidase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GPX3 include Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Anemia Of Prematurity. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and Glutathione metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor binding and selenium binding. An important paralog of this gene is GPX5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPX3 Gene

  • Protects cells and enzymes from oxidative damage, by catalyzing the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxides and organic hydroperoxide, by glutathione.

Gene Wiki entry for GPX3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GPX3 Gene

Genomics for GPX3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GPX3 Gene

Enhancers for GPX3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05F151091 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.7 +76.5 76480 11.0 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT WRNIP1 SIN3A YY1 ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS DEK TNIP1 ANXA6 GPX3 RBM22 CCDC69 DCTN4 SLC36A1 SMIM3
GH05F151122 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.2 +104.3 104345 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 WRNIP1 SIN3A ARID4B YBX1 ZNF2 YY1 GLIS2 GATA2 ANXA6 GPX3 TNIP1 RBM22 CCDC69 DCTN4
GH05F151004 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 -13.7 -13727 3.7 ELF3 MLX ARID4B ZNF48 RAD21 YY1 CREM EGR2 CEBPB PPARG ZNF300P1 GPX3 SYNPO LOC100419553
GH05F150447 1.2 ENCODE 12.2 -571.5 -571486 3.4 CREB3L1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 TBX21 MEF2D HMGXB3 RPL7P1 PDGFRB RPS14 ZNF300 SMIM3 ZNF300P1 GPX3 RPS20P4 RBM22
GH05F150020 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 12.2 -998.5 -998534 3.3 TBP PKNOX1 RFX5 ZNF335 ZNF766 SCRT2 ZNF143 ZNF416 RCOR1 FOS HMGXB3 SMIM3 PDGFRB CARMN RPL7P1 GPX3 TIGD6 CSF1R RPS14 CAMK2A
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GPX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GPX3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001294022 562 1601 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 SP3 SP5 NFYC MXD4

Genomic Location for GPX3 Gene

151,020,438 bp from pter
151,028,993 bp from pter
8,556 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GPX3 Gene

Genes around GPX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GPX3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GPX3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GPX3 Gene

Proteins for GPX3 Gene

  • Protein details for GPX3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glutathione peroxidase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O43787
    • Q86W78
    • Q9NZ74
    • Q9UEL1

    Protein attributes for GPX3 Gene

    226 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25552 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GPX3 Gene

neXtProt entry for GPX3 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GPX3 Gene


Post-translational modifications for GPX3 Gene

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for GPX3 (Glutathione Peroxidase 3/GPX3)

Domains & Families for GPX3 Gene

Gene Families for GPX3 Gene

Protein Domains for GPX3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GPX3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family.
  • Belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GPX3: view

Function for GPX3 Gene

Molecular function for GPX3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glutathione peroxidase 3,plasma,expressed in kidney,lung,breast,placenta,catabolic pathway of activated oxygen species,free radical detoxification
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
2 glutathione + H(2)O(2) = glutathione disulfide + 2 H(2)O.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Protects cells and enzymes from oxidative damage, by catalyzing the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxides and organic hydroperoxide, by glutathione.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GPX3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GPX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004601 peroxidase activity IEA --
GO:0004602 glutathione peroxidase activity IEA,IDA 1897960
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0008134 transcription factor binding TAS 8056346
GO:0008430 selenium binding IDA 2491950
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPX3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GPX3: view

Animal Models for GPX3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GPX3:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GPX3

miRNA for GPX3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GPX3

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for GPX3

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GPX3 Gene

Localization for GPX3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPX3 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GPX3 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
plasma membrane 1
peroxisome 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GPX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA,TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 1897960
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19199708
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPX3: view

Pathways & Interactions for GPX3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GPX3: view

Pathways by source for GPX3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GPX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000302 response to reactive oxygen species TAS --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress IEA --
GO:0006982 response to lipid hydroperoxide TAS 2491950
GO:0042744 hydrogen peroxide catabolic process IEA,TAS 2491950
GO:0051289 protein homotetramerization IDA 3693360
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPX3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GPX3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GPX3 Gene

(23) Drugs for GPX3 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Glutathione Approved Nutra Target, cofactor 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Selenocysteine Experimental Pharma 0
Selenium Pharma 175
Hydrogen peroxide Pharma 55

(26) Additional Compounds for GPX3 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (15S)-15-Hydroxy-5,8,11-cis-13-trans-eicosatetraenoate
  • (15S)-15-Hydroxy-5,8,11-cis-13-trans-eicosatetraenoic acid
  • (15S)-15-Hydroxy-5,8,11-cis-13-trans-eicosic acid
  • (15S)-15-Hydroxy-5,8,11-cis-13-trans-icosatetraenoate
  • (15S)-15-Hydroxy-5,8,11-cis-13-trans-icosatetraenoic acid
  • (5Z,8Z,11Z,13E)-(15S)-15-Hydroperoxyicosa-5,8,11,13-tetraenoate
  • (5Z,8Z,11Z,13E)-(15S)-15-Hydroperoxyicosa-5,8,11,13-tetraenoic acid
  • 15-Hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoate
  • 15-Hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • 15-Hydroperoxyicosatetraenoate
5(S)-Hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • (6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-(5S)-5-hydroperoxyeicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoate
  • (6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-(5S)-5-hydroperoxyeicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid
  • 5(S)-Hydroperoxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoate
  • 5(S)-Hydroperoxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid
  • 5-Hydroperoxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoate
  • 5(S)-HETE
  • 5(S)-Hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoate
  • 5(S)-Hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid
  • 5(S)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoate
  • 5(S)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • (5S,6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-5-hydroperoxyicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoate
  • (5S,6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-5-hydroperoxyicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid
  • (6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-(5S)-5-Hydroperoxyeicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoate
  • (6E,8Z,11Z,14Z)-(5S)-5-Hydroperoxyeicosa-6,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid
  • 5(S)-HPETE
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GPX3: view

Transcripts for GPX3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GPX3 Gene

Glutathione peroxidase 3 (plasma):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for GPX3

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GPX3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GPX3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GPX3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GPX3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GPX3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x9.2), Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x4.3), and Adipose - Subcutaneous (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GPX3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Vitreous humor (25.7), Kidney (8.2), and Serum (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GPX3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GPX3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GPX3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GPX3 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GPX3 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Secreted in plasma.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GPX3: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for GPX3 Gene

Orthologs for GPX3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GPX3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GPX3 34 35
  • 100 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GPX3 34 35
  • 90.86 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GPX3 34 35
  • 88.2 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gpx3 34
  • 87.61 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gpx3 34 16 35
  • 87.02 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GPX3 35
  • 81 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 68 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GPX3 34 35
  • 73.93 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gpx3 34
  • 65.32 (n)
MGC75694 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.22088 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gpx3 34 35
  • 67.92 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C11E4.2 36
  • 43 (a)
C11E4.1 36
  • 42 (a)
Species where no ortholog for GPX3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GPX3 Gene

Gene Tree for GPX3 (if available)
Gene Tree for GPX3 (if available)

Paralogs for GPX3 Gene

Paralogs for GPX3 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for GPX3 Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GPX3: view

Variants for GPX3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GPX3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1059316 -- 151,028,843(+) CCTGT(C/T)TGAGG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1064506 -- 151,028,639(+) TACCA(A/C/T)ACTCC utr-variant-3-prime
rs10717956 -- 151,029,491(+) AAAAA(-/A)GAGAG downstream-variant-500B
rs111343162 -- 151,023,303(+) GACCC(C/G)CACTA intron-variant
rs111374676 -- 151,025,897(+) GCAAT(C/T)GCCTC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GPX3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv526224 CNV gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for GPX3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 42.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.43; 9.49% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GPX3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPX3 Gene

Disorders for GPX3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for GPX3 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, somatic
anemia of prematurity
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GPX3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GPX3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GPX3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GPX3 Gene

Publications for GPX3 Gene

  1. Glutathione peroxidase 3 gene polymorphisms and risk of differentiated thyroid cancer. (PMID: 19375609) Lin J.C. … Juo S.H. (Surgery 2009) 3 22 46 64
  2. Promoter polymorphisms in the plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPx-3) gene: a novel risk factor for arterial ischemic stroke among young adults and children. (PMID: 17122425) Voetsch B. … Loscalzo J. (Stroke 2007) 3 22 46 64
  3. Differential induction of extracellular glutathione peroxidase and nitric oxide synthase 2 in airways of healthy individuals exposed to 100% O(2) or cigarette smoke. (PMID: 10970826) Comhair S.A.A. … Erzurum S.C. (Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2000) 3 4 22 64
  4. The human glutathione peroxidase genes GPX2, GPX3, and GPX4 map to chromosomes 14, 5, and 19, respectively. (PMID: 8287691) Chu F.F. (Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 1994) 2 3 22 64
  5. The human plasma glutathione peroxidase-encoding gene: organization, sequence and localization to chromosome 5q32. (PMID: 8056346) Yoshimura S. … Moriuchi T. (Gene 1994) 3 4 22 64

Products for GPX3 Gene

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for GPX3
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for GPX3
  • Cloud-Clone Corp Assay Kits for GPX3

Sources for GPX3 Gene

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