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Aliases for GPC1 Gene

Aliases for GPC1 Gene

  • Glypican 1 2 3
  • Glypican Proteoglycan 1 2 3
  • Glypican-1 3
  • Glypican 3

External Ids for GPC1 Gene

Summaries for GPC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GPC1 Gene

  • Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans are composed of a membrane-associated protein core substituted with a variable number of heparan sulfate chains. Members of the glypican-related integral membrane proteoglycan family (GRIPS) contain a core protein anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane via a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol linkage. These proteins may play a role in the control of cell division and growth regulation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GPC1 Gene

GPC1 (Glypican 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GPC1 include biliary atresia. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Proteoglycans in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include copper ion binding and laminin binding. An important paralog of this gene is GPC4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPC1 Gene

  • Cell surface proteoglycan that bears heparan sulfate. Binds, via the heparan sulfate side chains, alpha-4 (V) collagen and participates in Schwann cell myelination (By similarity). May act as a catalyst in increasing the rate of conversion of prion protein PRPN(C) to PRNP(Sc) via associating (via the heparan sulfate side chains) with both forms of PRPN, targeting them to lipid rafts and facilitating their interaction. Required for proper skeletal muscle differentiation by sequestering FGF2 in lipid rafts preventing its binding to receptors (FGFRs) and inhibiting the FGF-mediated signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for GPC1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GPC1 Gene

Genomics for GPC1 Gene

Genomic Location for GPC1 Gene

Start:
240,435,671 bp from pter
End:
240,468,078 bp from pter
Size:
32,408 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for GPC1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GPC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GPC1 Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for GPC1 Gene

Proteins for GPC1 Gene

  • Protein details for GPC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P35052-GPC1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glypican-1
    Protein Accession:
    P35052
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KTD1
    • Q53QM4

    Protein attributes for GPC1 Gene

    Size:
    558 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61680 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GPC1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GPC1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GPC1 Gene

Proteomics data for GPC1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GPC1 Gene

  • N- and O-glycosylated. N-glycosylation is mainly of the complex type containing sialic acid. O-glycosylated with heparan sulfate. The heparan sulfate chains can be cleaved either by the action of heparanase or, degraded by a deaminative process that uses nitric oxide (NO) released from the S-nitrosylated cysteines. This process is triggered by ascorbate, or by some other reducing agent, in a Cu(2+)- or Zn(2+) dependent manner. Cu(2+) ions are provided by ceruloproteins such as APP, PRNP or CP which associate with GCP1 in intracellular compartments or lipid rafts.
  • S-nitrosylated in a Cu(2+)-dependent manner. Nitric acid (NO) is released from the nitrosylated cysteines by ascorbate or by some other reducing agent, in a Cu(2+) or Zn(2+) dependent manner. This free nitric oxide is then capable of cleaving the heparan sulfate side chains
  • This cell-associated glypican is further processed to give rise to a medium-released species
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation at Asn79, Asn116, Ser486, Ser488, Ser490, Thr512, and Thr515

Other Protein References for GPC1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GPC1 Gene

Domains for GPC1 Gene

Gene Families for GPC1 Gene

HGNC:
  • GPC :Proteoglycans / Cell Surface : Glypicans

Protein Domains for GPC1 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GPC1_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the glypican family.:
    • P35052
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GPC1: view

Function for GPC1 Gene

Molecular function for GPC1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: glypican 1,62kDa,integral membrane (heparan sulfate) proteoglycan,potentially,involved in cell adhesion,cell growth histogenesis of nervous central system,receptor of SLIT1 and SLIT3
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Cell surface proteoglycan that bears heparan sulfate. Binds, via the heparan sulfate side chains, alpha-4 (V) collagen and participates in Schwann cell myelination (By similarity). May act as a catalyst in increasing the rate of conversion of prion protein PRPN(C) to PRNP(Sc) via associating (via the heparan sulfate side chains) with both forms of PRPN, targeting them to lipid rafts and facilitating their interaction. Required for proper skeletal muscle differentiation by sequestering FGF2 in lipid rafts preventing its binding to receptors (FGFRs) and inhibiting the FGF-mediated signaling.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GPC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005507 copper ion binding IDA 12732622
GO:0017134 fibroblast growth factor binding ISS --
GO:0043236 laminin binding ISS --
GO:0043395 heparan sulfate proteoglycan binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPC1: view

Phenotypes for GPC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GPC1: view

Animal Models for GPC1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GPC1:

miRNA for GPC1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GPC1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GPC1 Gene

Localization for GPC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPC1 Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor; Extracellular side. Endosome. Note=S-nitrosylated form recycled in endosomes. Localizes to CAV1-containing vesicles close to the cell surface. Cleavage of heparan sulfate side chains takes place mainly in late endosomes. Associates with both forms of PRNP in lipid rafts. Colocalizes with APP in perinuclear compartments and with CP in intracellular compartments. Associates with fibrillar APP Abeta peptides in lipid rafts in Alzheimer disease brains.
Secreted glypican-1: Secreted, extracellular space.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GPC1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GPC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endosome 5
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
golgi apparatus 4
lysosome 4
vacuole 4
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GPC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix ISS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005768 endosome IEA --
GO:0005796 Golgi lumen TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPC1: view

Pathways for GPC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GPC1: view

Pathways by source for GPC1 Gene

2 R&D Systems pathways for GPC1 Gene
2 Sino Biological pathways for GPC1 Gene
2 BioSystems pathways for GPC1 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for GPC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GPC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001523 retinoid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006024 glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0006027 glycosaminoglycan catabolic process TAS --
GO:0007411 axon guidance TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GPC1: view

Transcripts for GPC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GPC1 Gene

Glypican 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GPC1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: -
SP4:
SP5: - - -
SP6: - -
SP7:
SP8: -

Relevant External Links for GPC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GPC1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GPC1

Expression for GPC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GPC1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GPC1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GPC1 Gene Hs.328232

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GPC1: view

Orthologs for GPC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GPC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GPC1 36
  • 91.33 (n)
  • 89.52 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GPC1 36
  • 88.64 (n)
  • 89.2 (a)
GPC1 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GPC1 36
  • 87.88 (n)
  • 88.64 (a)
GPC1 37
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gpc1 36
  • 86.95 (n)
  • 88.87 (a)
Gpc1 16
Gpc1 37
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GPC1 37
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GPC1 37
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gpc1 36
  • 86.32 (n)
  • 88.71 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GPC1 36
  • 67.39 (n)
  • 61.81 (a)
GPC1 37
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GPC1 37
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gpc1 36
  • 61.72 (n)
  • 59.15 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii GPC1 (2 of 3) 37
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
gpc1a 36
  • 60.97 (n)
  • 55.06 (a)
gpc1a 37
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
gpc1b 37
  • 50 (a)
OneToMany
zgc63947 36
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta dlp 37
  • 22 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gpn-1 37
  • 20 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for GPC1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GPC1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GPC1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GPC1 (if available)

Paralogs for GPC1 Gene

Paralogs for GPC1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for GPC1 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GPC1: view

Variants for GPC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GPC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs881029 -- 240,463,597(-) GCTCT(A/G)AGCTA intron-variant
rs1042823 -- 240,468,024(+) GTCAG(C/T)GGGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1042829 -- 240,462,324(+) TACCG(C/T)GGTGC reference, synonymous-codon
rs1042841 -- 240,466,191(+) GAAGG(A/G)CAGAA reference, synonymous-codon
rs1126920 -- 240,466,062(+) GGTGA(C/T)GACGG reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GPC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv876116 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv834585 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv4468n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv876125 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv508899 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv876127 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv876128 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv876129 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4469n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv460157 CNV Loss 19166990
dgv1295e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv876132 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv516179 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv876133 CNV Loss 21882294
esv1000024 CNV Deletion 20482838
nsv460158 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv819854 CNV Gain 19587683
esv1515337 CNV Insertion 17803354
dgv4470n71 CNV Loss 21882294
essv1993 CNV CNV 17122850
esv2721931 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv876136 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2721932 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2721933 CNV Deletion 23290073

Relevant External Links for GPC1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GPC1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GPC1

Disorders for GPC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GPC1_HUMAN
  • Note=Associates (via the heparan sulfate side chains) with fibrillar APP-beta amyloid peptides in primitive and classic amyloid plaques and may be involved in the deposition of these senile plaques in the Alzheimer disease (AD) brain.
  • Note=Misprocessing of GPC1 is found in fibroblasts of patients with Niemann-Pick Type C1 disease. This is due to the defective deaminative degradation of heparan sulfate chains.

(1) MalaCards Diseases for GPC1 Gene

Search for GPC1 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for GPC1 Gene

Relevant External Links for GPC1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GPC1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GPC1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GPC1: view

Publications for GPC1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning of a phosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan from human lung fibroblasts. (PMID: 2148568) David G. … van den Berghe H. (J. Cell Biol. 1990) 3 4
  2. Assignment of the human glypican gene (GPC1) to 2q35-q37 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. (PMID: 7774946) Vermeesch J.R. … Marynen P. (Genomics 1995) 2 3
  3. Glypican-1 is a vehicle for polyamine uptake in mammalian cells: a pivital role for nitrosothiol-derived nitric oxide. (PMID: 12972423) Belting M. … Fransson L.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 23
  4. Correlation of glypican-1 expression with TGF-beta, BMP, and activin receptors in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. (PMID: 17016645) Kayed H. … Friess H. (Int. J. Oncol. 2006) 3 23
  5. Prion, amyloid beta-derived Cu(II) ions, or free Zn(II) ions support S-nitroso-dependent autocleavage of glypican-1 heparan sulfate. (PMID: 12732622) Mani K. … Fransson L.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 4

Products for GPC1 Gene

Sources for GPC1 Gene

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