Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GNPNAT1 Gene

Aliases for GNPNAT1 Gene

  • Glucosamine-Phosphate N-Acetyltransferase 1 2 3 5
  • Phosphoglucosamine Transacetylase 3 4
  • Phosphoglucosamine Acetylase 3 4
  • EC 4 58
  • GNA1 3 4
  • Glucosamine 6-Phosphate N-Acetyltransferase 3
  • GNPNAT 3
  • Gpnat1 3

External Ids for GNPNAT1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNPNAT1 Gene

  • GC14M047037
  • GC14M051231
  • GC14M051233
  • GC14M052311
  • GC14M053241
  • GC14M033402

Summaries for GNPNAT1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for GNPNAT1 Gene

GNPNAT1 (Glucosamine-Phosphate N-Acetyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and monosaccharide binding.

Additional gene information for GNPNAT1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GNPNAT1 Gene

Genomics for GNPNAT1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GNPNAT1 Gene

Enhancers for GNPNAT1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH14H052042 1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.9 +748.2 748227 1.4 CTCF SMC3 RAD21 MYC PTGER2 NID2 GNPNAT1 GC14M051998
GH14H052067 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 4.1 +722.4 722382 3.6 RFX5 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF391 EGR2 ZNF202 NFYC ZNF398 ZNF645 CBX8 LINC02319 LOC105370497 LOC102723604 OR7E159P ENSG00000259111 NDUFB3P3 ENSG00000258993 FRMD6 ENSG00000259055 NID2
GH14H052058 0.4 dbSUPER 4.4 +731.4 731395 4.1 ZNF24 RTRAF NID2 GNPNAT1 GC14M051998
GH14H052789 1.1 ENCODE 0.7 +0.3 320 3.2 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 FOS SP3 STYX GNPNAT1 GC14P052785
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GNPNAT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GNPNAT1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000068457 768 2601 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 FOS SP3 SP5

Genomic Locations for GNPNAT1 Gene

Genomic Locations for GNPNAT1 Gene
16,476 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GNPNAT1 Gene

Genes around GNPNAT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GNPNAT1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GNPNAT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GNPNAT1 Gene

Proteins for GNPNAT1 Gene

  • Protein details for GNPNAT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glucosamine 6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for GNPNAT1 Gene

    184 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20749 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GNPNAT1 Gene

neXtProt entry for GNPNAT1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GNPNAT1 Gene


Post-translational modifications for GNPNAT1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=55
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GNPNAT1 Gene

Domains & Families for GNPNAT1 Gene

Gene Families for GNPNAT1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GNPNAT1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GNPNAT1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the acetyltransferase family. GNA1 subfamily.
  • Belongs to the acetyltransferase family. GNA1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GNPNAT1: view

Function for GNPNAT1 Gene

Molecular function for GNPNAT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=26 uM for acetyl-coenzyme A {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18601654}; KM=97 uM for glucosamine-6-phosphate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18601654};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine 6-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GNPNAT1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GNPNAT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GNPNAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004343 glucosamine 6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase activity TAS --
GO:0008080 N-acetyltransferase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016746 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups IEA --
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 18675810
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNPNAT1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GNPNAT1: view

Animal Models for GNPNAT1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GNPNAT1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GNPNAT1 Gene

Localization for GNPNAT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNPNAT1 Gene

Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Endosome membrane; Peripheral membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GNPNAT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
golgi apparatus 3
endosome 3
extracellular 2
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GNPNAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005768 endosome IEA --
GO:0005770 late endosome IEA --
GO:0005793 endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment IEA --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNPNAT1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for GNPNAT1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GNPNAT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GNPNAT1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q96EK6-GNA1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis; UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis; N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate from alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate (route I): step 1/2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GNPNAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001889 liver development IEA --
GO:0006041 glucosamine metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006044 N-acetylglucosamine metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006048 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthetic process IBA,TAS --
GO:1990830 cellular response to leukemia inhibitory factor IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNPNAT1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GNPNAT1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GNPNAT1 Gene

(2) Drugs for GNPNAT1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
glucosamine 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Coenzyme A Nutra 0

(2) Additional Compounds for GNPNAT1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Ac-CoA
  • Ac-Coenzyme A
  • Ac-S-CoA
  • Ac-S-Coenzyme A
  • Acetyl coenzyme-A
N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine 6-Phosphate
  • N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine 6-Phosphate
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-p
  • N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-phosphate
  • N-Acetyl-glucosamine-6-p
  • N-Acetyl-glucosamine-6-phosphate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GNPNAT1: view

Transcripts for GNPNAT1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GNPNAT1 Gene

Glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GNPNAT1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for GNPNAT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GNPNAT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GNPNAT1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GNPNAT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GNPNAT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (9.4), Liver, secretome (7.7), and Salivary gland (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GNPNAT1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GNPNAT1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GNPNAT1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GNPNAT1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GNPNAT1 Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
  • Intestine(4.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GNPNAT1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GNPNAT1 Gene

Orthologs for GNPNAT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GNPNAT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GNPNAT1 33 34
  • 99.82 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GNPNAT1 34
  • 97 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GNPNAT1 33 34
  • 96.38 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GNPNAT1 33 34
  • 96.2 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gnpnat1 33 16 34
  • 91.67 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gnpnat1 33
  • 91.3 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GNPNAT1 34
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GNPNAT1 33 34
  • 77.11 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GNPNAT1 34
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.10832 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68838 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gnpnat1 33 34
  • 71.56 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4489 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1969 33 34
  • 52.33 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010769 33
  • 50.1 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gna-2 33 34
  • 52.04 (n)
gna-1 34
  • 44 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR510W 33
  • 50.22 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D07700g 33
  • 48.35 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GNA1 33 34 36
  • 43.28 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons GNA1 33
  • 48.53 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4645 34
  • 44 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01902 33
  • 42.82 (n)
Species where no ortholog for GNPNAT1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GNPNAT1 Gene

Gene Tree for GNPNAT1 (if available)
Gene Tree for GNPNAT1 (if available)

Paralogs for GNPNAT1 Gene Pseudogenes for GNPNAT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GNPNAT1: view

No data available for Paralogs for GNPNAT1 Gene

Variants for GNPNAT1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GNPNAT1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000094415 -- 52,784,456(+) AAAAT(A/G)GAAGG intron-variant
rs1000209817 -- 52,788,392(+) GCCTC(C/T)CAAAG intron-variant
rs1000240844 -- 52,788,143(+) TGAGA(C/T)AGGGT intron-variant
rs1000696964 -- 52,781,924(+) AATTG(A/G)ATAAC intron-variant
rs1000760132 -- 52,789,540(+) AGCCA(C/T)ACTGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GNPNAT1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv976341 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv832796 CNV loss 17160897
nsv826956 CNV loss 20364138
nsv819339 CNV loss 19587683
nsv470647 CNV gain 18288195
nsv1279 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv1050582 CNV gain 25217958
esv7884 CNV loss 19470904
esv3634528 CNV loss 21293372
esv2748720 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2677927 CNV deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for GNPNAT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 45.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.36; 8.05% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GNPNAT1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNPNAT1 Gene

Disorders for GNPNAT1 Gene

Relevant External Links for GNPNAT1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for GNPNAT1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GNPNAT1 Gene

Publications for GNPNAT1 Gene

  1. Acceptor substrate binding revealed by crystal structure of human glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1. (PMID: 18675810) Wang J … Su XD (FEBS letters 2008) 3 4 22 60
  2. Structural and kinetic differences between human and Aspergillus fumigatus D-glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase. (PMID: 18601654) Hurtado-Guerrero R … van Aalten DM (The Biochemical journal 2008) 4 22 60
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60
  5. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 60

Products for GNPNAT1 Gene

Sources for GNPNAT1 Gene

Loading form....