Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GNMT Gene

Aliases for GNMT Gene

  • Glycine N-Methyltransferase 2 3 5
  • EC 2.1.1.20 4 63
  • Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein Li 182mP 3
  • HEL-S-182mP 3

External Ids for GNMT Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNMT Gene

  • GC06P042930
  • GC06P042975
  • GC06P043037
  • GC06P042928
  • GC06P042645

Summaries for GNMT Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GNMT Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (along with glycine) to S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine and sarcosine. This protein is found in the cytoplasm and acts as a homotetramer. Defects in this gene are a cause of GNMT deficiency (hypermethioninemia). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Naturally occurring readthrough transcription occurs between the upstream CNPY3 (canopy FGF signaling regulator 3) gene and this gene and is represented with GeneID:107080644. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]

GeneCards Summary for GNMT Gene

GNMT (Glycine N-Methyltransferase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GNMT include glycine n-methyltransferase deficiency and hypermethioninemia. Among its related pathways are Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism and Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation. GO annotations related to this gene include methyltransferase activity and folic acid binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNMT Gene

  • Catalyzes the methylation of glycine by using S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) to form N-methylglycine (sarcosine) with the concomitant production of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy). Possible crucial role in the regulation of tissue concentration of AdoMet and of metabolism of methionine.

Gene Wiki entry for GNMT Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GNMT Gene

Genomics for GNMT Gene

Regulatory Elements for GNMT Gene

Enhancers for GNMT Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around GNMT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GNMT Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
42,939,415 bp from pter
End:
42,963,880 bp from pter
Size:
24,466 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for GNMT Gene

Genes around GNMT on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GNMT Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GNMT Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GNMT Gene

Proteins for GNMT Gene

  • Protein details for GNMT Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q14749-GNMT_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glycine N-methyltransferase
    Protein Accession:
    Q14749
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5T8W2
    • Q9NNZ1
    • Q9NS24

    Protein attributes for GNMT Gene

    Size:
    295 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32742 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GNMT Gene

neXtProt entry for GNMT Gene

Proteomics data for GNMT Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GNMT Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GNMT Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for GNMT (Glycine N-Methyltransferase/GNMT)

Domains & Families for GNMT Gene

Protein Domains for GNMT Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GNMT Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q14749

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GNMT_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the class I-like SAM-binding methyltransferase superfamily. Glycine N-methyltransferase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class I-like SAM-binding methyltransferase superfamily. Glycine N-methyltransferase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GNMT: view

No data available for Gene Families for GNMT Gene

Function for GNMT Gene

Molecular function for GNMT Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the methylation of glycine by using S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) to form N-methylglycine (sarcosine) with the concomitant production of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy). Possible crucial role in the regulation of tissue concentration of AdoMet and of metabolism of methionine.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GNMT Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GNMT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0017174 glycine N-methyltransferase activity IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNMT: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GNMT: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GNMT Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for GNMT Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GNMT:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GNMT Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GNMT

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GNMT Gene

Localization for GNMT Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNMT Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GNMT Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GNMT gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
extracellular 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GNMT Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GNMT Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GNMT: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GNMT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006111 regulation of gluconeogenesis IEA --
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process NAS 10843803
GO:0006555 methionine metabolic process IEA --
GO:0032259 methylation IEA --
GO:0046487 glyoxylate metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNMT: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GNMT Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GNMT Gene

(7) Drugs for GNMT Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
S-Adenosylmethionine Approved Nutra Target, cofactor 0
Glycine Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Target Endogenous potentiator, co-transmitter 197
Folic Acid Approved Nutra 4079
s-adenosylhomocysteine Experimental Pharma Target 0
Citric Acid Nutra Agonist, Activator, Target 1044

(5) Additional Compounds for GNMT Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Sarcosine
  • (methylamino)-Acetate
  • (methylamino)-Acetic acid
  • (Methylamino)acetate
  • (Methylamino)acetic acid
  • (Methylamino)ethanoate
107-97-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GNMT: view

Transcripts for GNMT Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GNMT Gene

Unigene Clusters for GNMT Gene

Glycine N-methyltransferase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GNMT Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5
SP1:
SP2:

Relevant External Links for GNMT Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GNMT
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GNMT

Expression for GNMT Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GNMT Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GNMT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (x33.5) and Liver (x10.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GNMT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (35.2), Liver, secretome (23.3), and Gallbladder (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GNMT Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GNMT Gene Hs.144914

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GNMT Gene

Q14749-GNMT_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Abundant in liver.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GNMT: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GNMT Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for GNMT Gene

Orthologs for GNMT Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GNMT Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GNMT 35
  • 90.82 (n)
  • 92.86 (a)
GNMT 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GNMT 35
  • 92.66 (n)
  • 96.27 (a)
GNMT 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gnmt 35
  • 88.05 (n)
  • 92.15 (a)
Gnmt 16
Gnmt 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GNMT 35
  • 99.66 (n)
  • 100 (a)
GNMT 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GNMT 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GNMT 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GNMT 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gnmt 35
  • 69.41 (n)
  • 73.29 (a)
wufb02g11 35
gnmt 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6188 37
  • 57 (a)
CG6188 35
  • 63.46 (n)
  • 59.07 (a)
CG6188 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002198 35
  • 61.57 (n)
  • 59.43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GNMT:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GNMT Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GNMT (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GNMT (if available)

Paralogs for GNMT Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GNMT Gene

Variants for GNMT Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GNMT Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_012766 Glycine N-methyltransferase deficiency (GNMT deficiency)
VAR_012767 Glycine N-methyltransferase deficiency (GNMT deficiency)
VAR_019840 Glycine N-methyltransferase deficiency (GNMT deficiency)
rs1065295 -- 42,956,498(-) GTCAA(A/T)TTCCA intron-variant
rs5031030 -- 42,961,014(+) ATCGG(A/G)GTCTG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GNMT Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830651 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv462927 CNV Loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for GNMT Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.38; 27.30% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GNMT Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GNMT
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GNMT

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNMT Gene

Disorders for GNMT Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for GNMT Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
glycine n-methyltransferase deficiency
  • hypermethioninemia
hypermethioninemia
  • glycine n-methyltransferase deficiency
hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GNMT in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GNMT_HUMAN
  • Glycine N-methyltransferase deficiency (GNMT deficiency) [MIM:606664]: The only clinical abnormalities in patients with this deficiency are mild hepatomegaly and chronic elevation of serum transaminases. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11810299, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14739680}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for GNMT

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GNMT
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GNMT
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GNMT
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GNMT: view

No data available for Genatlas for GNMT Gene

Publications for GNMT Gene

  1. Characterization of glycine-N-methyltransferase-gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma. (PMID: 9495250) Chen Y.-M.A. … Chen P.H. (Int. J. Cancer 1998) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Catalysis in glycine N-methyltransferase: testing the electrostatic stabilization and compression hypothesis. (PMID: 17154529) Soriano A. … TuA+A^n I. (Biochemistry 2006) 23 25 26
  3. Methyl transfer in glycine N-methyltransferase. A theoretical study. (PMID: 16851960) Velichkova P. … Himo F. (J Phys Chem B 2005) 23 25 26
  4. Mutations in human glycine N-methyltransferase give insights into its role in methionine metabolism. (PMID: 11810299) Luka Z. … Wagner C. (Hum. Genet. 2002) 3 23 25
  5. Genomic structure, expression, and chromosomal localization of the human glycine N-methyltransferase gene. (PMID: 10843803) Chen Y.-M.A. … Yang-Feng T.L. (Genomics 2000) 2 3 23

Products for GNMT Gene

Sources for GNMT Gene

Content