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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

GNG8 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 50
GCID: GC19M047137

Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein (G Protein), Gamma 8

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein (G Protein), Gamma 81 2
gamma-92
Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) Subunit Gamma-82
GNG93
GNGT93
Gamma-93

External Ids:    HGNC: 196641   Entrez Gene: 942352   Ensembl: ENSG000001674147   UniProtKB: Q9UK083   

Export aliases for GNG8 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC19M047781 GC19M047528 GC19M051813 GC19M051829 GC19M043562


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for GNG8 Gene: 
GNG8 (guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 8) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with GNG8 include huntington's disease, and burkitt's lymphoma, and among its related super-pathways are Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor and Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activity and signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is GNG2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: GBG8_HUMAN, Q9UK08
Function: Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various
transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement
of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction

summary for GNG8 Gene:
Heterotrimeric G proteins are membrane bound GTPases that are linked to 7-TM receptors. Each G protein
contains an alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunit and is bound to GDP in the 'off' state. Ligand-receptor binding
results in detachment of the G protein, switching it to an 'on' state and permitting Galpha activation of
second messenger signalling cascades. There are several types of Galpha proteins; in addition, some
Gbetagamma subunits have active functions. Gbetagamma coupled to H1 receptors can activate PLA2 and
Gbetagamma coupled to M1 receptors can activate KIR channels.




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000019.9  NC_018930.2  NT_011109.16  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the GNG8 gene promoter:
         MEF-2   AP-2gamma   Gfi-1   c-Ets-1   MEF-2A   PPAR-gamma1   SEF-1 (1)   PPAR-gamma2   aMEF-2   ZIC2/Zic2   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidGNG8 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for GNG8

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat GNG8


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 19q13.32   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  19q13.32   HGNC cytogenetic band: 19q13.32

GNG8 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
GNG8 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 19         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC19M047137:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
47,137,333 bp from pter      End:
47,137,942 bp from pter
Size:
610 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: GBG8_HUMAN, Q9UK08 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-8 precursor  
Size: 70 amino acids; 7841 Da
Subunit: G proteins are composed of 3 units, alpha, beta and gamma
Subcellular location: Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side (Potential)
Secondary accessions: Q4VBM5

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for GNG8: NX_Q9UK08

Explore proteomics data for GNG8 at MOPED 

GNG8 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

GNG8 Protein Expression

REFSEQ proteins: NP_150283.1  
ENSEMBL proteins: 
 ENSP00000300873  
Reactome Protein details: Q9UK08
Human Recombinant Protein Products for GNG8: 
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Novus Biologicals GNG8 Proteins
Browse Sino Biological Recombinant Proteins
Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp. 

Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
GO:0005576extracellular region NAS--
GO:0005834heterotrimeric G-protein complex IEA--
GO:0005886plasma membrane TAS--

GNG8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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Assay Products for GNG8: 
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Browse CLIAs at Cloud-Clone Corp.


(According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
About This Section
2 InterPro protein domains:
 IPR001770 Gprotein-gamma
 IPR015898 G-protein_gamma-like_dom

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9UK08

ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9UK08

1 Blocks protein domain: IPB001770 Gamma G-protein (transducin) signature

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: GBG8_HUMAN, Q9UK08
Similarity: Belongs to the G protein gamma family


GNG8 for domains           About GeneDecksing


(According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
About This Section

Molecular Function:

     UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: GBG8_HUMAN, Q9UK08
Function: Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various
transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement
of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction

     Gene Ontology (GO): 2 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
GO:0003924GTPase activity NAS10819326
GO:0004871signal transducer activity NAS10819326
     
GNG8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


Phenotypes:
     1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for GNG8:
 Decreased Wnt reporter activit 

Animal Models:
   inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for GNG8 
   inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for GNG8

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   genOway customized Knockin model: humanization, point mutation, expression monitoring, etc. for GNG8 

miRNA
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Inhib. RNA
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Gene Editing
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Clone
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GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector: GNG8 (NM_033258)
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Cell Line
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In Situ Assay
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(Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
About This Section

SuperPaths for GNG8 About   (see all 56)                                                                                              See pathways by source

SuperPathSelected contained pathways About (see all per SuperPath)
1Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor
ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 10.78
Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs)0.67
Signal amplification0.78
Development Angiotensin signaling via beta-Arrestin0.40
Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor0.78
2Regulation of Water Balance by Renal Aquaporins
Regulation of Water Balance by Renal Aquaporins0.84
G alpha (z) signalling events0.49
Aquaporin-mediated transport0.84
Cytoskeleton remodeling Role of PKA in cytoskeleton reorganisation0.40
Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation0.69
3fMLP Pathway
fMLP Pathway0.43
Signal transduction Calcium signaling0.34
Signal transduction Activation of PKC via G-Protein coupled receptor0.42
Huntington's Disease Pathway0.30
Alpha-Adrenergic Signaling0.38
4Immune response CCR3 signaling in eosinophils
Immune response CCR3 signaling in eosinophils0.51
Inhibitory action of Lipoxins on neutrophil migration0.51
5Signal transduction cAMP signaling
Signal transduction cAMP signaling0.44
G Protein Signaling Pathways0.44

Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
Show all pathways

5/31 EMD Millipore Pathways for GNG8 (see all 31)
    Chemotaxis CXCR4 signaling pathway
Translation Translation regulation by Alpha-1 adrenergic receptors
Development Activation of ERK by Alpha-1 adrenergic receptors
Cytoskeleton remodeling Role of PKA in cytoskeleton reorganisation
Development A1 receptor signaling

5/47 Downloadable PowerPoint Slides of QIAGEN Pathway Central Maps for GNG8 (see all 47)
    Molecular Mechanisms of Cancer
Intracellular Calcium Signaling
CDK5 Pathway
JNK Pathway
ERK5 Signaling

5/34 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) Pathways for GNG8 (see all 34)
    Signal transduction cAMP signaling
G-protein signaling Regulation of p38 and JNK signaling mediated by G-proteins
G-protein signaling G-Protein alpha-i signaling cascades
Inhibitory action of Lipoxins and Resolvin E1 on neutrophil functions
Signal transduction Activation of PKC via G-Protein coupled receptor

3 BioSystems Pathways for GNG8
    Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways
G Protein Signaling Pathways
Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell

5/48        Reactome Pathways for GNG8 (see all 48)
    G alpha (12/13) signalling events
Platelet homeostasis
G protein gated Potassium channels
G alpha (z) signalling events
Inwardly rectifying K+ channels


5/11         Kegg Pathways  (Kegg details for GNG8) (see all 11):
    Chemokine signaling pathway
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
Circadian entrainment
Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling
Glutamatergic synapse


GNG8 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

Interactions:

    Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for GNG8

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 25)

5/66 Interacting proteins for GNG8 (ENSP000003008734) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 66)
InteractantInteraction Details
GeneCardExternal ID(s)
ADCY2ENSP000003429524STRING: ENSP00000342952
ADCY8ENSP000002863554STRING: ENSP00000286355
GNG11ENSP000002485644STRING: ENSP00000248564
GNG7ENSP000003715944STRING: ENSP00000371594
GNGT2ENSP000003004064STRING: ENSP00000300406
About this table

Gene Ontology (GO): 5/7 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view) (see all 7):    About this table

GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
GO:0006112energy reserve metabolic process TAS--
GO:0006184GTP catabolic process NAS10819326
GO:0007186G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway NAS10819326
GO:0007268synaptic transmission TAS--
GO:0007399nervous system development IEA--

GNG8 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



(Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
About This Section
Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

Compounds for GNG8 available from Tocris Bioscience    About this table
CompoundAction CAS #
GalleinInhibitor of betagamma signaling[2103-64-2]
Suramin hexasodium saltNon-selective P2 antagonist[129-46-4]
G-Protein antagonist peptideInhibits G protein activation by GPCRs[143675-79-0]
8-Bromo-cGMP, sodium salt cGMP analog; activates PKG[51116-01-9]
Pertussis Toxin Catalyzes ADP-ribosylation of Gi, Go and Gt [70323-44-3]

3 HMDB Compounds for GNG8    About this table
CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
Guanosine diphosphate5'-GDP (see all 10)146-91-8--
Guanosine monophosphate5'-GMP (see all 14)85-32-5--
Guanosine triphosphate5'-GTP (see all 10)86-01-1--

Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about GNG8 / GBG8

(Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
About This Section

REFSEQ mRNAs for GNG8 gene: 
NM_033258.1  

Unigene Cluster for GNG8:

Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 8
Hs.283961
Unigene Representative Sequence: CB565924
1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
ENST00000300873(uc010xyd.2)
miRNA
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Products:
     
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QIAGEN FlexiTube/FlexiPlate siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat GNG8
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Primer
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Additional mRNA sequence: 

AF493875.1 BC095514.1 

1 DOTS entry:

DT.97805627 

3 AceView cDNA sequences:

NM_033258 AF493875 CB565924 

GeneLoc Exon Structure


(RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
About This Section

GNG8 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      GNG8 embryonic expression: see
See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
CGAP TAG: CCAAAGATGA
GNG8 Expression
About this image


GNG8 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
 5/5 selected tissues (see all 5) fully expand
 
 Brain (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
         Myelinating Oligodendrocyte Cells Forebrain White Matter
         N2/LSB/S/F8-induced cells ( Generation of midbrain dopaminergic, forebrain and hypothalamic...
 
 Thymus (Hematopoietic System)
         T Helper Cells Thymus
 
 Heart (Cardiovascular System)
         Atrioventricular Canal Cells Atrioventricular Canal
 
 Gut Tube (Gastrointestinal Tract)
         Primitive gut tube-like cells ( A scalable, suspension protocol for derivation of...
 
 Blood (Cardiovascular System)
         T Helper Cells Thymus

See GNG8 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
Genevestigator expression for GNG8

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.283961
    SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for GNG8
Primer
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In Situ
Assay Products:
 

 
Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for GNG8

(Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
About This Section

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GNG8 gene from 3/7 species (see all 7)    About this table
Organism Taxonomic
classification
Gene Description Human
Similarity
Orthology
Type
Details
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gng81 , 5 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma more1, 5 88.1(n)1
98.57(a)1
  7 (9.15 cM)5
147091  NM_010320.31  NP_034450.11 
 168917865 
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GNG86
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit gamma
86(a)
1 ↔ 1
GL343568.1(433554-435193)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gng81 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma more 70.95(n)
80(a)
  553609  NM_001177743.2  NP_001171214.1 


ENSEMBL Gene Tree for GNG8 (if available)
TreeFam Gene Tree for GNG8 (if available)

(Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
About This Section
Paralogs for GNG8 gene
GNG22  GNG72  GNG52  GNG5P22  GNG102  GNG32  GNG42  GNG122  
11 SIMAP similar genes for GNG8 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     GBG8_HUMAN:
GNG2    GNG4    GNG3    GNG7    DKFZp762E193    GNG12
GNG5    GNG10    GNG11    GNGT2    GNGT1

GNG8 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



(SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
About This Section

10/63 SNPs in GNG8 are shown (see all 63)    About this table     
Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
SNP IDValidClinical
significance
Chr 19 posSequence#AA
Chg
TypeMore#Allele
freq
PopTotal
sample
More
----------
rs21732841,2
C,F,A,H--47136846(+) GAGTCG/ATTAAG 1 -- ds500117Minor allele frequency- A:0.08NS EA NA CSA WA 1734
rs110838421,2
C,F,A,H--47136875(+) TGGGGA/TCTGGG 1 -- ds50012Minor allele frequency- T:0.03NA 124
rs15661721,2
C,F,A--47136936(+) AGGGGT/CTCAGG 1 -- ds500110Minor allele frequency- C:0.33NA WA EA 496
rs1872882151,2
--47136949(+) GCACTA/GGAGTA 1 -- ds50010--------
rs1451885881,2
C--47137109(+) AGCACA/CGAATA 1 -- ds50010--------
rs10057741,2
C,F,A,H--47137162(-) TAGGGT/GTGGAC 1 -- ds500129Minor allele frequency- G:0.46MN NS EA NA WA CSA 2664
rs2006259801,2
C--47137326(+) TGTCCG/AGAGGG 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- A:0.00EU 1305
rs129746131,2
C,F,H--47137459(+) TGCGAC/TACCTG 2 V syn122Minor allele frequency- T:0.28NS EA NA WA EU 6680
rs2011798511,2
--47137475(+) ACCCGA/GGTGGA 1 -- int10--------
rs38332451,2
C--47137482(+) TGGAGAT/-TGTCA 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- -:0.50CSA 2

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for GNG8 (47137333 - 47137942 bp)

Structural Variations
     Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 2 variations for GNG8:    About this table     
Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
dgv3961n71CNV Loss21882294
nsv833849CNV Loss17160897

SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing GNG8
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(in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
About This Section
5 diseases for GNG8:    About MalaCards
huntington's disease    burkitt's lymphoma    colorectal cancer    breast cancer
neuronitis


GNG8 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

Genetic Association Database (GAD): GNG8
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: GNG8 (3 documents)

Export disorders for GNG8 gene to outside databases

(in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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PubMed articles for GNG8 gene integrated from 9 sources:
(articles sorted by number of sources associating them with GNG8)
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  1. Genomic characterization of the human heterotrimeric G protein alpha, beta, and gamma subunit genes. (PubMed id 10819326)1, 2, 3 Hurowitz E.H....Shizuya H. (2000)
  2. Variation at the NFATC2 locus increases the risk of t hiazolidinedione-induced edema in the Diabetes REduction Assessment with ramipr il and rosiglitazone Medication (DREAM) study. (PubMed id 20628086)1, 4 Bailey S.D....Anand S. (2010)
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
  4. Gene-centric association signals for lipids and apoli poproteins identified via the HumanCVD BeadChip. (PubMed id 19913121)1 Talmud P.J.... . (2009)
  5. Role of molecular chaperones in G protein beta5/regul ator of G protein signaling dimer assembly and G protein betagamma dimer specif icity. (PubMed id 19376773)1 Howlett A.C....Willardson B.M. (2009)
  6. Evidence for association of GABA(B) receptors with Kir3 channels and regulators of G protein signalling (RGS4) proteins. (PubMed id 17185339)1 Fowler C.E....Slesinger P.A. (2007)
  7. Activation of heterotrimeric G proteins by a high energy phosphate transfer via nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) B and Gbeta subunits. Complex formation of NDPK B with Gbeta gamma dimers and phosphorylation of His-266 IN Gbeta. (PubMed id 12486123)1 Cuello F....Wieland T. (2003)
  8. The human G protein beta4 subunit: gene structure, expression, Ggamma and effector interaction. (PubMed id 12782285)1 Rosskopf D....Siffert W. (2003)
  9. Glucagon and regulation of glucose metabolism. (PubMed id 12626323)1 Jiang G. and Zhang B.B. (2003)
  10. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (2002)

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(According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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Entrez Gene: 94235 HGNC: 19664 AceView: GNG8 Ensembl:ENSG00000167414 euGenes: HUgn94235
ECgene: GNG8 Kegg: 94235 H-InvDB: GNG8

(According to HUGE)
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(According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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NameDescription
PharmGKB entry for GNG8 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

(Patent information from GeneIP,
Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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Patent Information for GNG8 gene:
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