Aliases for GNG5 Gene
External Ids for GNG5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNG5 Gene
G proteins are trimeric (alpha-beta-gamma) membrane-associated proteins that regulate flow of information from cell surface receptors to a variety of internal metabolic effectors. Interaction of a G protein with its activated receptor promotes exchange of GTP for GDP that is bound to the alpha subunit. The alpha-GTP complex dissociates from the beta-gamma heterodimer so that the subunits, in turn, may interact with and regulate effector molecules (Gilman, 1987 [PubMed 3113327]; summary by Ahmad et al., 1995) [PubMed 7606925].[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for GNG5 Gene
GNG5 (G Protein Subunit Gamma 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Circadian entrainment and Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activity and PDZ domain binding. An important paralog of this gene is GNG10.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNG5 Gene
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction.
Heterotrimeric G proteins are membrane bound GTPases that are linked to 7-TM receptors. Each G protein contains an alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunit and is bound to GDP in the 'off' state. Ligand binding causes a receptor conformational change, detaching the G protein and switching it 'on'.