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Aliases for GLO1 Gene

Aliases for GLO1 Gene

  • Glyoxalase I 2 3 4 5
  • S-D-Lactoylglutathione Methylglyoxal Lyase 3 4
  • Glyoxalase Domain Containing 1 2 3
  • Ketone-Aldehyde Mutase 3 4
  • Methylglyoxalase 3 4
  • Aldoketomutase 3 4
  • EC 4.4.1.5 4 61
  • Glx I 3 4
  • Epididymis Secretory Protein Li 74 3
  • Lactoyl Glutathione Lyase 3
  • Lactoylglutathione Lyase 3
  • HEL-S-74 3
  • GLOD1 3
  • GLYI 3

External Ids for GLO1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLO1 Gene

  • GC06M038645
  • GC06M038690
  • GC06M038751
  • GC06M038361

Summaries for GLO1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GLO1 Gene

  • The enzyme encoded by this gene is responsible for the catalysis and formation of S-lactoyl-glutathione from methylglyoxal condensation and reduced glutatione. Glyoxalase I is linked to HLA and is localized to 6p21.3-p21.1, between HLA and the centromere. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GLO1 Gene

GLO1 (Glyoxalase I) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLO1 include Diabetic Encephalopathy and Autistic Disorder. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Pyruvate metabolism and Citric Acid (TCA) cycle. GO annotations related to this gene include lactoylglutathione lyase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLO1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione. Involved in the regulation of TNF-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B. Required for normal osteoclastogenesis.

Gene Wiki entry for GLO1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GLO1 Gene

Genomics for GLO1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GLO1 Gene

Enhancers for GLO1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06F038754 0.4 ENCODE 23.3 -52.6 -52574 1.8 HDAC1 PKNOX1 NFRKB ZFP64 SIN3A ZBTB40 RAD21 RCOR1 FOS ZHX1 GLO1 DNAH8 ZRF1PS RN7SL465P
GH06F038673 1 Ensembl ENCODE 21.1 +29.4 29374 0.9 HDAC1 KLF1 PKNOX1 ZNF76 GATA2 SIRT6 PRDM10 ZNF600 BHLHE40 ZEB2 GLO1 BTBD9 GC06P040022
GH06F038702 0.6 ENCODE 19.6 +0.2 236 1.7 CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS GLO1 ENSG00000236355 ANKRD18EP RN7SL285P GC06P040022
GH06F038713 0.6 ENCODE 13.3 -10.8 -10776 1.1 ZNF316 SPI1 GLO1 ENSG00000236355
GH06F038676 0.7 ENCODE 12.3 +26.1 26137 0.2 HLF EBF1 BCL6 TBX21 GLO1 BTBD9 GC06P040022
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GLO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GLO1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001216135 575 2400 CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS

Genomic Location for GLO1 Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
38,675,925 bp from pter
End:
38,703,176 bp from pter
Size:
27,252 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GLO1 Gene

Genes around GLO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GLO1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GLO1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GLO1 Gene

Proteins for GLO1 Gene

  • Protein details for GLO1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q04760-LGUL_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Lactoylglutathione lyase
    Protein Accession:
    Q04760
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R6P7
    • B4DDV0
    • P78375
    • Q59EL0
    • Q5TZW3
    • Q96FC0
    • Q96J41

    Protein attributes for GLO1 Gene

    Size:
    184 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20778 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAD93038.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GLO1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GLO1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GLO1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GLO1 Gene

  • Exists in a nitric oxide (NO)-modified form. The exact nature of the modification is unknown, but it suppresses the TNF-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B.
  • Glutathionylation at Cys-139 inhibits enzyme activity.
  • Phosphorylated at Thr-107 in the presence of CaMK2. However, this is a consensus site for phosphorylation by CK2 so phosphorylation may be mediated by CK2 rather than CaMK2. Phosphorylation is induced by TNF and suppresses the TNF-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 44, Lys 140, and Lys 148
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GLO1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for GLO1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GLO1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q04760

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

LGUL_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GLO1: view

No data available for Gene Families for GLO1 Gene

Function for GLO1 Gene

Molecular function for GLO1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glyoxalase I
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=1.3 mM for methylglyoxal/glutathione (native form) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20454679}; KM=0.7 mM for methylglyoxal/glutathione (reduced form) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20454679}; Vmax=0.335 umol/min/mg enzyme with methylglyoxal/glutathione as substrate (native form) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20454679}; Vmax=0.7 umol/min/mg enzyme with methylglyoxal/glutathione as substrate (reduced form) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20454679}; Note=Reduction of GLO1 was carried out by incubation with 20 mM betamercaptoethanol prior to kinetic analysis.;
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
(R)-S-lactoylglutathione = glutathione + methylglyoxal.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Regulated by oxidation of Cys-139 in response to the redox state of the cell. Results in the alternative formation of cystine or glutathione-bound cysteine, the latter modification leading to reduced enzyme activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione. Involved in the regulation of TNF-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B. Required for normal osteoclastogenesis.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GLO1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GLO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004462 lactoylglutathione lyase activity TAS --
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IDA 9705294
GO:0016829 lyase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLO1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GLO1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GLO1

miRNA for GLO1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GLO1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GLO1 Gene

Localization for GLO1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GLO1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GLO1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
mitochondrion 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GLO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm TAS 16130169
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLO1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLO1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GLO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GLO1: view

Pathways by source for GLO1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q04760-LGUL_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Secondary metabolite metabolism; methylglyoxal degradation; (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal: step 1/2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GLO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA,NAS --
GO:0006090 pyruvate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009438 methylglyoxal metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLO1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GLO1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GLO1 Gene

(35) Drugs for GLO1 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Glutathione Approved Nutra Target 0
Indomethacin Approved, Investigational Pharma Partial agonist, Agonist, Target, inhibitor Cox inhibitor, Cyclooxygenase inhibitor (COX-1 > COX-2) 114
S-Hexylglutathione Experimental Pharma Target 0
Beta-Mercaptoethanol Experimental Pharma Target 0
methyl 4-(2,3-dihydroxy-5-methylphenoxy)-2-hydroxy-6-methylbenzoate Experimental Pharma Target 0

(30) Additional Compounds for GLO1 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Pyruvaldehyde
  • 1,2-Propanedione
  • 1-Ketopropionaldehyde
  • 2-Keto Propionaldehyde
  • 2-Ketopropionaldehyde
  • 2-Oxo-Propionaldehyde
78-98-8
S-Lactoylglutathione
  • (R)-S-lactoylglutathione
  • D-Lactoylglutathione
  • delta-Lactoylglutathione
  • N-(N-L-gamma-Glutamyl-S-(2-hydroxy-1-oxopropyl)-L-cysteinyl)-glycine
  • S-D-Lactoyl-glutathione
25138-66-3

(1) ApexBio Compounds for GLO1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Glyoxalase I inhibitor Glyoxalase I inhibitor 221174-33-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GLO1: view

Transcripts for GLO1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GLO1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GLO1 Gene

Glyoxalase I:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GLO1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP3: - - - -
SP4:

Relevant External Links for GLO1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GLO1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GLO1

Expression for GLO1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GLO1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GLO1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (20.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GLO1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for GLO1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GLO1 Gene:

GLO1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GLO1 Gene:

Hs.268849
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GLO1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GLO1 Gene

Orthologs for GLO1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GLO1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GLO1 34 35
  • 99.09 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GLO1 34 35
  • 91.67 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GLO1 34 35
  • 90.76 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GLO1 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Glo1 34 16 35
  • 82.43 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Glo1 34
  • 82.25 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GLO1 35
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GLO1 34 35
  • 82.31 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GLO1 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia glo1 34
  • 70.15 (n)
Str.7707 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.5524 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii glo1 34 34 35
  • 69.16 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1707 36 34 35
  • 60.82 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012071 34
  • 55.43 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GLO1 34 35 37
  • 56.25 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F06226g 34
  • 55.64 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR286C 34
  • 52.31 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT1G08110 34
  • 61.18 (n)
soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.4045 34
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.865 34
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0295800 34
  • 63.57 (n)
Os.11010 34
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.11411 34
corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.16759 34
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes glo1 34
  • 58.02 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04815 34
  • 53.7 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.11135 34
Species where no ortholog for GLO1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GLO1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GLO1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GLO1 (if available)

Paralogs for GLO1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GLO1 Gene

Variants for GLO1 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLO1 Gene

LGUL_HUMAN-Q04760
Exists in three separable isoforms which originate from two alleles in the genome. These correspond to two homodimers and one heterodimer composed of two subunits showing different electrophoretic properties.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GLO1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs4746 Uncertain significance 38,682,852(-) TGATG(A/C)GACCC reference, missense
rs10447398 -- 38,688,553(+) tagct(A/G)cttct intron-variant
rs10484854 -- 38,696,818(-) AGGTC(A/G)AAAGA intron-variant
rs1049346 -- 38,703,061(-) TGCAG(C/T)GCAGC utr-variant-5-prime
rs1079606 -- 38,682,410(-) AACCT(A/G)TTAAG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GLO1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2759421 CNV gain+loss 17122850
esv3608747 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1015689 CNV gain 25217958
nsv428144 CNV gain 18775914
nsv507326 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv830642 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for GLO1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 26% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.48; 88.73% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GLO1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GLO1
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GLO1

Disorders for GLO1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for GLO1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
diabetic encephalopathy
autistic disorder
  • autism
autism spectrum disorder
  • asd
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GLO1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Genatlas disease for GLO1 Gene

glyoxalase I deficiency

Relevant External Links for GLO1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GLO1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GLO1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GLO1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GLO1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLO1 Gene

Publications for GLO1 Gene

  1. Human glyoxalase I. cDNA cloning, expression, and sequence similarity to glyoxalase I from Pseudomonas putida. (PMID: 7684374) Kim N.-S. … Kato S. (J. Biol. Chem. 1993) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Posttranslational modification of human glyoxalase 1 indicates redox- dependent regulation. (PMID: 20454679) Birkenmeier G. … Birkemeyer C. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 4 22 64
  3. CYP17, GSTP1, PON1 and GLO1 gene polymorphisms as risk factors for breast cancer: an Italian case-control study. (PMID: 19379515) Antognelli C. … Rulli A. (BMC Cancer 2009) 3 22 46 64
  4. Polymorphisms in glyoxalase 1 gene are not associated with vascular complications: the Hoorn and CoDAM studies. (PMID: 19412133) Engelen L. … Schalkwijk C.G. (J. Hypertens. 2009) 3 22 46 64
  5. No association between common variants in glyoxalase 1 and autism spectrum disorders. (PMID: 17722011) RehnstrAPm K. … Hovatta I. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2008) 3 22 46 64

Products for GLO1 Gene

Sources for GLO1 Gene

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