Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GLIS2 Gene

Aliases for GLIS2 Gene

  • GLIS Family Zinc Finger 2 2 3
  • Neuronal Krueppel-Like Protein 3 4
  • Nephrocystin-7 2 3
  • GLI-Similar 2 3 4
  • NPHP7 3 6
  • NKL 3 4
  • Kruppel-Like Zinc Finger Protein GLIS2 3
  • Zinc Finger Protein GLIS2 3
  • GLI-Similar Protein 2 3

External Ids for GLIS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLIS2 Gene

  • GC16P004405
  • GC16P004382
  • GC16P004304

Summaries for GLIS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GLIS2 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the GLI-similar zinc finger protein family and encodes a nuclear transcription factor with five C2H2-type zinc finger domains. The protein encoded by this gene is widely expressed at low levels in the neural tube and peripheral nervous system and likely promotes neuronal differentiation. It is abundantly expressed in the kidney and may have a role in the regulation of kidney morphogenesis. p120 regulates the expression level of this protein and induces the cleavage of this protein's C-terminal zinc finger domain. This protein also promotes the nuclear translocation of p120. Mutations in this gene cause nephronophthisis (NPHP), an autosomal recessive kidney disease characterized by tubular basement membrane disruption, interstitial lymphohistiocytic cell infiltration, and development of cysts at the corticomedullary border of the kidneys.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

GeneCards Summary for GLIS2 Gene

GLIS2 (GLIS Family Zinc Finger 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLIS2 include nephronophthisis 7 and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription regulatory region DNA binding and RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity involved in positive regulation of transcription. An important paralog of this gene is ZIC4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLIS2 Gene

  • Can act either as a transcriptional repressor or as a transcriptional activator, depending on the cell context. Acts as a repressor of the Hedgehog signaling pathway (By similarity). Represses the Hedgehog-dependent expression of Wnt4 (By similarity). Necessary to maintain the differentiated epithelial phenotype in renal cells through the inhibition of SNAI1, which itself induces the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (By similarity). Represses transcriptional activation mediated by CTNNB1 in the Wnt signaling pathway. May act by recruiting the corepressors CTBP1 and HDAC3. May be involved in neuron differentiation (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GLIS2 Gene

Genomics for GLIS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GLIS2 Gene

Genomic Location for GLIS2 Gene

Start:
4,314,761 bp from pter
End:
4,339,597 bp from pter
Size:
24,837 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for GLIS2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GLIS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GLIS2 Gene

Proteins for GLIS2 Gene

  • Protein details for GLIS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BZE0-GLIS2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Zinc finger protein GLIS2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BZE0
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KX84

    Protein attributes for GLIS2 Gene

    Size:
    524 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    55689 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CTBP1 and HDAC3 (By similarity). Interacts with CTNNB1 (By similarity). Interacts with SUFU (By similarity). Interacts with CTNND1.

neXtProt entry for GLIS2 Gene

Proteomics data for GLIS2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GLIS2 Gene

  • C-terminus cleavage is induced by interaction with CTNND1 and enhanced by Src tyrosine kinase.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GLIS2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GLIS2 Gene

Domains for GLIS2 Gene

Gene Families for GLIS2 Gene

HGNC:
  • ZNF :Zinc fingers, C2H2-type

Protein Domains for GLIS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GLIS2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BZE0

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GLIS2_HUMAN :
  • Q9BZE0
Domain:
  • The C2H2-type zinc finger 1 has a major repressor function and is required for CTNNB1 binding.
Family:
  • Belongs to the GLI C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family.
Similarity:
  • Contains 5 C2H2-type zinc fingers.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GLIS2: view

Function for GLIS2 Gene

Molecular function for GLIS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Can act either as a transcriptional repressor or as a transcriptional activator, depending on the cell context. Acts as a repressor of the Hedgehog signaling pathway (By similarity). Represses the Hedgehog-dependent expression of Wnt4 (By similarity). Necessary to maintain the differentiated epithelial phenotype in renal cells through the inhibition of SNAI1, which itself induces the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (By similarity). Represses transcriptional activation mediated by CTNNB1 in the Wnt signaling pathway. May act by recruiting the corepressors CTBP1 and HDAC3. May be involved in neuron differentiation (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GLIS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001077 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity involved in positive regulation of transcription ISS --
GO:0003677 DNA binding --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17289029
GO:0044212 transcription regulatory region DNA binding ISS --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLIS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GLIS2: view

Animal Models for GLIS2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GLIS2:

miRNA for GLIS2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GLIS2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GLIS2 Gene

Localization for GLIS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLIS2 Gene

Nucleus speckle. Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GLIS2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GLIS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GLIS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus ISS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0016607 nuclear speck ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLIS2: view

Pathways for GLIS2 Gene

SuperPathways for GLIS2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GLIS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0007399 nervous system development IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0043433 negative regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLIS2: view

No data available for Pathways by source for GLIS2 Gene

Transcripts for GLIS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GLIS2 Gene

GLIS family zinc finger 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GLIS2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GLIS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GLIS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GLIS2

Expression for GLIS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GLIS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GLIS2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GLIS2 Gene Hs.592087

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GLIS2 Gene

Q9BZE0-GLIS2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed at high levels in kidney and at low levels in heart, lung and placenta. Expressed in colon.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GLIS2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for GLIS2 Gene

Orthologs for GLIS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for GLIS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GLIS2 35
  • 99.24 (n)
  • 100 (a)
GLIS2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GLIS2 35
  • 90.39 (n)
  • 94.85 (a)
GLIS2 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GLIS2 35
  • 92.05 (n)
  • 96.37 (a)
GLIS2 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Glis2 35
  • 87.33 (n)
  • 92.9 (a)
Glis2 16
Glis2 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GLIS2 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GLIS2 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Glis2 35
  • 87.84 (n)
  • 93.47 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia NKL 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia glis2 35
  • 65.65 (n)
  • 67.21 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.11559 35
GLIS2 (2 of 2) 36
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
LOC568488 35
  • 60.88 (n)
  • 57.2 (a)
OTTDARG00000032278 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta sug 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToOne
lmd 37
  • 54 (a)
CG3850 37
  • 58 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tra-1 37
  • 54 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RIM101 38
Species with no ortholog for GLIS2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GLIS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GLIS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GLIS2 (if available)

Paralogs for GLIS2 Gene

Paralogs for GLIS2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for GLIS2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GLIS2: view

Variants for GLIS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GLIS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs653539 -- 4,338,138(-) GGCCT(C/T)CTCCT utr-variant-3-prime
rs669561 Benign 4,336,813(-) TCCAC(A/G)TAGTG synonymous-codon, reference
rs757541 -- 4,339,350(-) GGTCC(A/G)TCACC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1045132 -- 4,339,439(+) AGGTT(C/T)TAAGT utr-variant-3-prime
rs3747572 -- 4,335,731(+) TTGTC(A/G)GAGCC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GLIS2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv527866 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv905222 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv905223 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv905224 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2585n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2586n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv471075 CNV Loss 18288195

Relevant External Links for GLIS2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GLIS2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GLIS2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLIS2 Gene

Disorders for GLIS2 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for GLIS2 Gene (608539)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GLIS2_HUMAN
  • Nephronophthisis 7 (NPHP7) [MIM:611498]: An autosomal recessive disorder resulting in end-stage renal disease during childhood or adolescence. It is a progressive tubulo-interstitial kidney disorder histologically characterized by modifications of the tubules with thickening of the basement membrane, interstitial fibrosis and, in the advanced stages, medullary cysts. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17618285}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for GLIS2 Gene

Relevant External Links for GLIS2

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GLIS2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GLIS2: view

Publications for GLIS2 Gene

  1. Genomic structure of the gene encoding the human GLI-related, Kruppel-like zinc finger protein GLIS2. (PMID: 11738817) Zhang F. … Jetten A.M. (Gene 2001) 3 4 23
  2. Loss of GLIS2 causes nephronophthisis in humans and mice by increased apoptosis and fibrosis. (PMID: 17618285) Attanasio M. … Treier M. (Nat. Genet. 2007) 2 3 4
  3. Identification of NKL, a novel Gli-Kruppel zinc-finger protein that promotes neuronal differentiation. (PMID: 11262234) Lamar E. … Goulding M. (Development 2001) 3 4
  4. Characterization of Glis2, a novel gene encoding a Gli-related, KrA1ppel-like transcription factor with transactivation and repressor functions. Roles in kidney development and neurogenesis. (PMID: 11741991) Zhang F. … Jetten A.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 2 3
  5. GLIS3, a novel member of the GLIS subfamily of Kruppel-like zinc finger proteins with repressor and activation functions. (PMID: 14500813) Kim Y.-S. … Jetten A.M. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2003) 2 3

Products for GLIS2 Gene

Sources for GLIS2 Gene

Back to Top

Content