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Aliases for GINS2 Gene

Aliases for GINS2 Gene

  • GINS Complex Subunit 2 2 3 4 5
  • GINS Complex Subunit 2 (Psf2 Homolog) 2 3
  • PSF2 3 4
  • DNA Replication Complex GINS Protein PSF2 3
  • HSPC037 3
  • Pfs2 3

External Ids for GINS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GINS2 Gene

  • GC16M084269
  • GC16M085709
  • GC16M071453

Summaries for GINS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GINS2 Gene

  • The yeast heterotetrameric GINS complex is made up of Sld5 (GINS4; MIM 610611), Psf1 (GINS1; MIM 610608), Psf2, and Psf3 (GINS3; MIM 610610). The formation of this complex is essential for the initiation of DNA replication in yeast and Xenopus egg extracts (Ueno et al., 2005 [PubMed 16287864]). See GINS1 for additional information about the GINS complex.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GINS2 Gene

GINS2 (GINS Complex Subunit 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Telomere C-strand (Lagging Strand) Synthesis and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include 3-5 DNA helicase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GINS2 Gene

  • The GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single-stranded DNA.

Gene Wiki entry for GINS2 Gene

Additional gene information for GINS2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GINS2 Gene

Genomics for GINS2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GINS2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GINS2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH16I085687 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 565.9 +1.6 1613 2.4 PKNOX1 ATF1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 ZNF121 POLR2B GINS2 MTHFSD ZDHHC7 RNU1-103P ENSG00000270184 RN7SL381P EMC8 USP10 PIR58820
GH16I085729 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 18.5 -42.8 -42779 6.5 ELF3 PKNOX1 ARID4B RARA SLC30A9 ZNF766 RUNX3 SMARCA5 SMARCC1 CEBPB GINS2 EMC8 COX4I1 IRF8 MIR1910 C16orf74 PIR51444
GH16I085394 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11 +294.2 294245 2.6 PKNOX1 NFIB KLF17 NFXL1 BATF ZNF48 ZNF335 GLIS2 EGR1 ZNF366 GSE1 GINS2 PIR52880 LOC101928502
GH16I085625 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 +62.7 62733 3.2 CTCF MXI1 USF1 SIN3A ZNF384 FEZF1 ZIC2 FOXM1 ZFHX2 POLR2A GC16P085626 GINS2 GC16P085659 GSE1
GH16I085650 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 +37.7 37695 3.2 PKNOX1 ATF1 NFIB RCOR1 CREM ZNF263 SMAD5 RXRA ZNF398 ZNF148 EMC8 COX4I1 GINS2 FOXC2-AS1 GC16P085659 GC16P085626 GSE1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around GINS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GINS2 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for GINS2 Gene

Genomic Locations for GINS2 Gene
chr16:85,676,198-85,690,073
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
13,876 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr16:85,709,804-85,723,679
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for GINS2 Gene

Genes around GINS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GINS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GINS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GINS2 Gene

Proteins for GINS2 Gene

  • Protein details for GINS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9Y248-PSF2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    DNA replication complex GINS protein PSF2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9Y248
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DUM5
    • Q6IAG9

    Protein attributes for GINS2 Gene

    Size:
    185 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21428 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the GINS complex which is a heterotetramer of GINS1, GINS2, GINS3 and GINS4. Forms a stable subcomplex with GINS3. GINS complex interacts with DNA primase in vitro.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GINS2 Gene

neXtProt entry for GINS2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GINS2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=7373, posLast=8080, and posLast=118118

Other Protein References for GINS2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GINS2 Gene

Domains & Families for GINS2 Gene

Gene Families for GINS2 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GINS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GINS2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9Y248

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PSF2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the GINS2/PSF2 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the GINS2/PSF2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GINS2: view

Function for GINS2 Gene

Molecular function for GINS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single-stranded DNA.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GINS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GINS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0043138 contributes_to 3-5 DNA helicase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GINS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GINS2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GINS2 Gene

Localization for GINS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GINS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GINS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GINS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000811 GINS complex IBA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0031298 replication fork protection complex IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GINS2: view

Pathways & Interactions for GINS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GINS2: view

Pathways by source for GINS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GINS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000727 double-strand break repair via break-induced replication IBA --
GO:0006260 DNA replication IEA --
GO:0006271 DNA strand elongation involved in DNA replication TAS --
GO:0032508 DNA duplex unwinding IEA --
GO:1902975 mitotic DNA replication initiation IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GINS2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GINS2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GINS2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GINS2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GINS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GINS2 Gene

GINS complex subunit 2 (Psf2 homolog):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GINS2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GINS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GINS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GINS2

Expression for GINS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GINS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GINS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x5.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GINS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal heart (25.7), Lymph node (22.7), and Fetal Brain (20.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GINS2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for GINS2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GINS2 Gene:

GINS2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GINS2 Gene:

Hs.433180

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GINS2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
  • Blood(4.2)
  • Lymph node(4.1)
  • Spleen(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GINS2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GINS2 Gene

Orthologs for GINS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GINS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GINS2 33 34
  • 98.92 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GINS2 34
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GINS2 34
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GINS2 33 34
  • 89.19 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GINS2 33 34
  • 87.75 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gins2 33
  • 85.77 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gins2 33 16 34
  • 83.96 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GINS2 33 34
  • 78.74 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GINS2 34
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gins2 33
  • 75.68 (n)
Str.7608 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.3786 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gins2 33 34
  • 68.5 (n)
Dr.15045 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1858 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Psf2 33 34
  • 56.02 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012743 33
  • 52.25 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F31C3.5 33
  • 48.93 (n)
psf-2 34
  • 36 (a)
OneToOne
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR121W 33
  • 49.69 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D06501g 33
  • 48.45 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PSF2 33 34 36
  • 44.79 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons PSF2 33
  • 50.82 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0248600 33
  • 52.03 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06322 33
  • 50.1 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes psf2 33
  • 48.15 (n)
Species where no ortholog for GINS2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GINS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GINS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GINS2 (if available)

Paralogs for GINS2 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GINS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GINS2: view

No data available for Paralogs for GINS2 Gene

Variants for GINS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GINS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000378640 -- 85,685,660(-) G/C intron_variant
rs1000783555 -- 85,682,563(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000810133 -- 85,686,563(-) C/G intron_variant
rs1000849249 -- 85,681,885(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000880126 -- 85,685,745(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GINS2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv4262 OTHER complex 18987735
nsv483044 CNV gain 15286789
nsv573517 CNV loss 21841781

Variation tolerance for GINS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.96; 19.80% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GINS2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GINS2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GINS2 Gene

Disorders for GINS2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for GINS2

No disorders were found for GINS2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GINS2 Gene

Publications for GINS2 Gene

  1. Identification of novel human genes evolutionarily conserved in Caenorhabditis elegans by comparative proteomics. (PMID: 10810093) Lai CH … Lin W (Genome research 2000) 2 3 4 58
  2. Cloning and functional analysis of cDNAs with open reading frames for 300 previously undefined genes expressed in CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. (PMID: 11042152) Zhang QH … Chen Z (Genome research 2000) 2 3 4 58
  3. ATM and ATR substrate analysis reveals extensive protein networks responsive to DNA damage. (PMID: 17525332) Matsuoka S … Elledge SJ (Science (New York, N.Y.) 2007) 3 4 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for GINS2 Gene

Sources for GINS2 Gene

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