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Aliases for GIGYF2 Gene

Aliases for GIGYF2 Gene

  • GRB10 Interacting GYF Protein 2 2 3 5
  • PERQ Amino Acid-Rich With GYF Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • Parkinson Disease (Autosomal Recessive, Early Onset) 11 2 3
  • Trinucleotide Repeat-Containing Gene 15 Protein 3 4
  • PERQ Amino Acid Rich, With GYF Domain 3 2 3
  • TNRC15 3 4
  • PERQ2 3 4
  • PERQ Amino Acid Rich, With GYF Domain 2 2
  • Trinucleotide Repeat Containing 15 2
  • GRB10-Interacting GYF Protein 2 3
  • GYF Domain Containing 2 2
  • KIAA0642 4
  • PARK11 3
  • PERQ3 3
  • GYF2 3

External Ids for GIGYF2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GIGYF2 Gene

  • PERQ2
  • PERQ3
  • TNRC15
  • PARK11

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GIGYF2 Gene

  • GC02P233272
  • GC02P233562
  • GC02P225411

Summaries for GIGYF2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GIGYF2 Gene

  • This gene contains CAG trinucleotide repeats and encodes a protein containing several stretches of polyglutamine residues. The encoded protein may be involved in the regulation of tyrosine kinase receptor signaling. This gene is located in a chromosomal region that was genetically linked to Parkinson disease type 11, and mutations in this gene were thought to be causative for this disease. However, more recent studies in different populations have been unable to replicate this association. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

GeneCards Summary for GIGYF2 Gene

GIGYF2 (GRB10 Interacting GYF Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GIGYF2 include Parkinson Disease 11 and Gigyf2-Related Parkinson Disease. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is GIGYF1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GIGYF2 Gene

  • Key component of the 4EHP-GYF2 complex, a multiprotein complex that acts as a repressor of translation initiation (PubMed:22751931). In 4EHP-GYF2 the complex, acts as a factor that bridges EIF4E2 to ZFP36/TTP, linking translation repression with mRNA decay (By similarity). May act cooperatively with GRB10 to regulate tyrosine kinase receptor signaling, including IGF1 and insulin receptors (PubMed:12771153).

Gene Wiki entry for GIGYF2 Gene

Additional gene information for GIGYF2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GIGYF2 Gene

Genomics for GIGYF2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GIGYF2 Gene

Enhancers for GIGYF2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH02H231705 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 48.6 -988.2 -988217 7.7 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC MEF2D DIS3L2 GIGYF2 RPL23AP26 RPL28P2 COPS7B ENSG00000233538 LOC100289360 ENSG00000251485 NCL ENSG00000224376
GH02H231785 1.2 ENCODE 52.9 -910.8 -910830 1.8 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF416 ZNF143 ZNF548 SP3 NFYC ZC3H11A DIS3L2 RPL28P2 GIGYF2 NCL RPL23AP26 ENSG00000233538 ENSG00000261096 ENSG00000251485 COPS7B LOC100289360
GH02H231713 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.1 -981.5 -981496 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 SLC30A9 GIGYF2 NCL RPL28P2 DIS3L2 PTMA MIR1244-1 GC02M231725
GH02H232654 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 23.8 -41.2 -41210 2.9 FOXA2 ZNF687 HLF MAX REST YY1 FOXA1 JUND ATF3 MTA1 GIGYF2 EFHD1 LOC105373929 RPL28P2 LOC100422710 KCNJ13 ECEL1 RN7SL359P
GH02H231780 1.1 ENCODE 19.4 -915.6 -915589 2.3 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS SP3 ZHX2 GIGYF2 RPL28P2 DIS3L2 PDE6D COPS7B
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GIGYF2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GIGYF2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000131975 501 2001 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143

Genomic Locations for GIGYF2 Gene

Genomic Locations for GIGYF2 Gene
163,279 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GIGYF2 Gene

Genes around GIGYF2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GIGYF2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GIGYF2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GIGYF2 Gene

Proteins for GIGYF2 Gene

  • Protein details for GIGYF2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    GRB10-interacting GYF protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6H8W4
    • B9EG55
    • E9PBB0
    • O75137
    • Q7Z2Z8
    • Q7Z3I2
    • Q96HU4
    • Q9NV82

    Protein attributes for GIGYF2 Gene

    1299 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    150070 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the 4EHP-GYF2 complex, at least composed of EIF4E2, GIGYF2 and ZNF598 (PubMed:22751931). Interacts (via the 4EHP-binding motif) with EIF4E2; the interaction is direct (PubMed:22751931). Interacts with ZFP36/TTP (via P-P-P-P-G repeats); the interaction is direct (By similarity). Interacts with GRB10 (By similarity).
    • Sequence=BAA31617.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA91873.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unlikely isoform.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for GIGYF2 Gene


neXtProt entry for GIGYF2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GIGYF2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=3, 4, 5667, isoforms=3, 4, 5973, posLast=985985, isoforms=3, 4, 5994, posLast=10151015, isoforms=3, 4, 51103, posLast=11231123, and posLast=11851185
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GIGYF2 Gene

Domains & Families for GIGYF2 Gene

Gene Families for GIGYF2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GIGYF2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GIGYF2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the GIGYF family.
  • Belongs to the GIGYF family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GIGYF2: view

Function for GIGYF2 Gene

Molecular function for GIGYF2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Key component of the 4EHP-GYF2 complex, a multiprotein complex that acts as a repressor of translation initiation (PubMed:22751931). In 4EHP-GYF2 the complex, acts as a factor that bridges EIF4E2 to ZFP36/TTP, linking translation repression with mRNA decay (By similarity). May act cooperatively with GRB10 to regulate tyrosine kinase receptor signaling, including IGF1 and insulin receptors (PubMed:12771153).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GIGYF2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GIGYF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IDA 22681889
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 20670374
GO:0045296 cadherin binding IDA 25468996
GO:0070064 proline-rich region binding IDA 20696395
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GIGYF2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GIGYF2: view

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GIGYF2 Gene

Localization for GIGYF2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GIGYF2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
endoplasmic reticulum 4
golgi apparatus 4
endosome 4
nucleus 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GIGYF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005768 endosome IDA 20670374
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 20696395
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 20696395
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GIGYF2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GIGYF2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GIGYF2 Gene

SuperPathways for GIGYF2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GIGYF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007631 feeding behavior IEA --
GO:0008344 adult locomotory behavior IEA --
GO:0009791 post-embryonic development IEA --
GO:0016441 posttranscriptional gene silencing IDA 27157137
GO:0017148 negative regulation of translation IMP 22751931
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GIGYF2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for GIGYF2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GIGYF2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GIGYF2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GIGYF2 Gene

GRB10 interacting GYF protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GIGYF2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GIGYF2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GIGYF2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GIGYF2 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GIGYF2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (10.9) and Lung (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GIGYF2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GIGYF2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GIGYF2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GIGYF2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GIGYF2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Kidney(4.3)
  • Liver(4.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GIGYF2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • ear
  • head
  • mouth
  • olfactory bulb
  • pharynx
  • diaphragm
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • lung
  • stomach
  • urethra
  • urinary bladder
  • foot
  • hand
  • lower limb
  • upper limb
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GIGYF2: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GIGYF2 Gene

Orthologs for GIGYF2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GIGYF2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GIGYF2 33 34
  • 99.56 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GIGYF2 33 34
  • 93.2 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GIGYF2 33 34
  • 91.87 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gigyf2 33 16 34
  • 89.91 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gigyf2 33
  • 89.69 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GIGYF2 34
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GIGYF2 34
  • 82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GIGYF2 33 34
  • 80.95 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GIGYF2 34
  • 84 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gigyf2 33
  • 64.7 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gigfy2 33 34
  • 65.32 (n)
Dr.10571 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11148 34
  • 18 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 31 (a)
Species where no ortholog for GIGYF2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GIGYF2 Gene

Gene Tree for GIGYF2 (if available)
Gene Tree for GIGYF2 (if available)

Paralogs for GIGYF2 Gene

Variants for GIGYF2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GIGYF2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs114013774 Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688] 232,847,513(+) GCAGC(A/C/T)GCCAC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs116074753 other, Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688] 232,794,835(+) TCCCA(A/C/G)TCCTA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs118203903 other, Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688] 232,809,731(+) CTGGA(C/G)CAGGA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs118203904 other, Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688] 232,790,817(+) GGAGC(A/G)TAGAT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs141225775 Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688] 232,790,803(+) TCGCT(C/G/T)TGGCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GIGYF2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv961937 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv954180 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv834570 CNV gain 17160897
nsv584697 CNV gain 21841781
nsv584696 CNV loss 21841781
nsv478088 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv460134 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1123439 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1072079 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1009825 CNV gain 25217958
esv8516 CNV loss 19470904
esv4368 CNV loss 18987735
esv3561161 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3435970 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3305230 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv2721632 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2600931 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2225863 CNV deletion 18987734
esv1066741 CNV deletion 17803354
dgv2171n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv1219e212 CNV loss 25503493

Variation tolerance for GIGYF2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.05; 75.17% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GIGYF2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GIGYF2 Gene

Disorders for GIGYF2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for GIGYF2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
parkinson disease 11
  • parkinson disease 11, autosomal dominant, susceptibility to
gigyf2-related parkinson disease
  • parkinson disease 11
hereditary late-onset parkinson disease
  • autosomal dominant late-onset parkinson disease
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11) [MIM:607688]: A complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bradykinesia, resting tremor, muscular rigidity and postural instability, as well as by a clinically significant response to treatment with levodopa. The pathology involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the presence of Lewy bodies (intraneuronal accumulations of aggregated proteins), in surviving neurons in various areas of the brain. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18358451, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20060621, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20178831, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26134514}. Note=Disease susceptibility may be associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Its association with Parkinson disease is however unclear. According to a number of studies, variations affecting this gene are not a frequent cause of Parkinson disease, suggesting that GIGYF2 does not play a major role in Parkinson disease etiology (PubMed:19279319, PubMed:19429085, PubMed:19638301, PubMed:19482505, PubMed:20004041, PubMed:19321232, PubMed:20060621). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19279319, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19321232, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19429085, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19482505, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19638301, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20004041, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20060621}.

Relevant External Links for GIGYF2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GIGYF2: view

No data available for Genatlas for GIGYF2 Gene

Publications for GIGYF2 Gene

  1. Follow-up study of the GIGYF2 gene in French families with Parkinson's disease. (PMID: 20004041) Lesage S … French Parkinson's Disease Genetics Study Group (FPDGSG) (Neurobiology of aging 2010) 3 4 22 45 60
  2. Novel GIGYF2 gene variants in patients with Parkinson's disease in Chinese population. (PMID: 20178831) Wang L … Tang BS (Neuroscience letters 2010) 3 4 22 45 60
  3. Variation in GIGYF2 is not associated with Parkinson disease. (PMID: 19279319) Nichols WC … Parkinson Study Group-PROGENI Investigators (Neurology 2009) 2 3 4 45 60
  4. GIGYF2 Asn56Ser and Asn457Thr mutations in Parkinson disease patients. (PMID: 19429085) Guo Y … Deng H (Neuroscience letters 2009) 3 4 22 45 60
  5. GIGYF2 mutations are not a frequent cause of familial Parkinson's disease. (PMID: 19482505) Di Fonzo A … Bonifati V (Parkinsonism & related disorders 2009) 3 4 22 45 60

Products for GIGYF2 Gene

Sources for GIGYF2 Gene

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