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Aliases for GGACT Gene

Aliases for GGACT Gene

  • Gamma-Glutamylamine Cyclotransferase 2 3 4
  • AIG2-Like Domain-Containing Protein 1 3 4
  • AIG2-Like Domain 1 2 3
  • A2LD1 3 4
  • Gamma-Glutamylaminecyclotransferase 3
  • EC 2.3.2.4 4
  • A2LD1, 6

External Ids for GGACT Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GGACT Gene

  • A2LD1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GGACT Gene

  • GC13M101182

Summaries for GGACT Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GGACT Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene aids in the proteolytic degradation of crosslinked fibrin by breaking down isodipeptide L-gamma-glutamyl-L-epsilon-lysine, a byproduct of fibrin degradation. The reaction catalyzed by the encoded gamma-glutamylaminecyclotransferase produces 5-oxo-L-proline and a free alkylamine. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GeneCards Summary for GGACT Gene

GGACT (Gamma-Glutamylamine Cyclotransferase) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include gamma-glutamylcyclotransferase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GGACT Gene

  • Contributes to degradation of proteins cross-linked by transglutaminases. Degrades the cross-link between a lysine and a glutamic acid residue from two proteins that have been cross-linked by transglutaminases. Catalyzes the formation of 5-oxoproline from L-gamma-glutamyl-L-epsilon-lysine. Inactive with L-gamma-glutamyl-alpha-amino acid substrates such as L-gamma-glutamyl-L-alpha-cysteine and L-gamma-glutamyl-L-alpha-alanine.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GGACT Gene

Genomics for GGACT Gene

Genomic Location for GGACT Gene

Start:
100,530,164 bp from pter
End:
100,589,528 bp from pter
Size:
59,365 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GGACT Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GGACT Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GGACT Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for GGACT Gene

Proteins for GGACT Gene

  • Protein details for GGACT Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BVM4-GGACT_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Gamma-glutamylaminecyclotransferase
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BVM4
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KTN1
    • Q9BT41

    Protein attributes for GGACT Gene

    Size:
    153 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    17329 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH04360.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GGACT Gene

neXtProt entry for GGACT Gene

Proteomics data for GGACT Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GGACT Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for GGACT Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GGACT Gene

Domains for GGACT Gene

Protein Domains for GGACT Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BVM4

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GGACT_HUMAN :
  • Q9BVM4
Family:
  • Belongs to the gamma-glutamylcyclotransferase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GGACT: view

No data available for Gene Families and Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GGACT Gene

Function for GGACT Gene

Molecular function for GGACT Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: (Gamma-L-glutamyl)-L-amino acid = 5-oxoproline + L-amino acid.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Contributes to degradation of proteins cross-linked by transglutaminases. Degrades the cross-link between a lysine and a glutamic acid residue from two proteins that have been cross-linked by transglutaminases. Catalyzes the formation of 5-oxoproline from L-gamma-glutamyl-L-epsilon-lysine. Inactive with L-gamma-glutamyl-alpha-amino acid substrates such as L-gamma-glutamyl-L-alpha-cysteine and L-gamma-glutamyl-L-alpha-alanine.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GGACT Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GGACT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003839 gamma-glutamylcyclotransferase activity IDA 20110353
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GGACT: view

Phenotypes for GGACT Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GGACT: view

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GGACT Gene

Localization for GGACT Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GGACT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GGACT: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS for GGACT Gene

Pathways for GGACT Gene

SuperPathways for GGACT Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for GGACT Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000365426%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000301790%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000365426 Q9BVM4-GGACT_HUMAN for GGACT Gene via STRING UniProtKB

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GGACT Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0042219 cellular modified amino acid catabolic process IDA 20110353
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GGACT: view

No data available for Pathways by source for GGACT Gene

Transcripts for GGACT Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GGACT Gene

(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(6) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GGACT Gene

Gamma-glutamylamine cyclotransferase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GGACT Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c
SP1:
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4:

Relevant External Links for GGACT Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GGACT
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GGACT

Expression for GGACT Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GGACT Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GGACT Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GGACT Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GGACT Gene Hs.350868

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GGACT: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GGACT Gene

Orthologs for GGACT Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GGACT Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GGACT 35
  • 99.35 (n)
  • 98.69 (a)
GGACT 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GGACT 35
  • 78.55 (n)
  • 74.13 (a)
GGACT 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GGACT 35
  • 73.64 (n)
  • 68.63 (a)
GGACT 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ggact 35
  • 74.43 (n)
  • 73.29 (a)
Ggact 16
Ggact 36
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GGACT 36
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GGACT 36
  • 58 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ggact 35
  • 72.93 (n)
  • 69.8 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves A2LD1 35
  • 67.32 (n)
  • 56.86 (a)
GGACT 36
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GGACT 36
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ggact 35
  • 55.02 (n)
  • 54.11 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ggact.1 36
  • 42 (a)
OneToMany
ggact.2 35
  • 56.09 (n)
  • 53.1 (a)
ggact.2 36
  • 40 (a)
OneToMany
ggact.3 36
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010682 35
  • 56.91 (n)
  • 50.41 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2811 35
  • 53.69 (n)
  • 46.9 (a)
CG2811 36
  • 36 (a)
OneToMany
Tina-1 36
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F42A10.9 35
  • 46.72 (n)
  • 40.88 (a)
F42A10.9 36
  • 35 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for GGACT:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GGACT Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GGACT (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GGACT (if available)

Paralogs for GGACT Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GGACT Gene

Variants for GGACT Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GGACT Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 13 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs837299 -- 100,536,838(+) TCTTG(A/T)CAGGC intron-variant
rs837300 -- 100,538,587(+) aacCA(C/T)GGAAA intron-variant
rs837301 -- 100,538,814(+) aggaa(A/G)tattg intron-variant
rs837302 -- 100,539,397(+) gttga(C/G)tgttt intron-variant
rs837303 -- 100,539,937(+) GCACC(A/C)GCAGG intron-variant

Relevant External Links for GGACT Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GGACT

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GGACT Gene

Disorders for GGACT Gene

No disorders were found for GGACT Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GGACT Gene

Publications for GGACT Gene

  1. Identification and characterization of gamma-glutamylamine cyclotransferase, an enzyme responsible for gamma-glutamyl-epsilon- lysine catabolism. (PMID: 20110353) Oakley A.J. … Board P.G. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 2 3 4
  2. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  3. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K. … Sugano S. (Genome Res. 2006) 3
  4. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3
  5. Proteomic analysis of podocyte exosome-enriched fraction from normal human urine. (PMID: 23376485) Prunotto M. … Moll S. (J Proteomics 2013) 3

Products for GGACT Gene

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate GGACT
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GGACT
    • Block miRNA regulation of GGACT using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for GGACT Gene

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