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Aliases for GFPT2 Gene

Aliases for GFPT2 Gene

  • Glutamine-Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase 2 2 3 5
  • Glutamine: Fructose-6-Phosphate Aminotransferase 2 2 3
  • Glutamine:Fructose-6-Phosphate Amidotransferase 2 3 4
  • D-Fructose-6-Phosphate Amidotransferase 2 3 4
  • Hexosephosphate Aminotransferase 2 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • GFAT 2 3 4
  • GFAT2 3 4
  • Glucosamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Aminotransferase [Isomerizing] 2 3
  • Glutamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Aminotransferase [Isomerizing] 2 3
  • GFAT 3

External Ids for GFPT2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GFPT2 Gene

  • GC05M179841
  • GC05M180705
  • GC05M179837
  • GC05M179660
  • GC05M174452
  • GC05M179727

Summaries for GFPT2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for GFPT2 Gene

GFPT2 (Glutamine-Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GFPT2 include Pancreatic Steatorrhea and Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial, 2. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing) activity. An important paralog of this gene is GFPT1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT2 Gene

  • Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GFPT2 Gene

Genomics for GFPT2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GFPT2 Gene

Enhancers for GFPT2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05F180798 1.2 ENCODE 15 -452.2 -452184 14.1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 TBX21 ZNF610 LOC100996419 ENSG00000233937 RACK1 RN7SKP150 ZFP62 GFPT2 TRIM52 ENSG00000250900 TRIM7 CNOT6
GH05F181240 1.2 ENCODE 13.6 -891.8 -891812 9.0 CREB3L1 DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 MCM3 SP3 ZNF610 ENSG00000233937 ZFP62 TRIM52-AS1 RACK1 TRIM52 SNORD96A CNOT6 GFPT2 GC05M181244 GC05M181247
GH05F179696 1.2 ENCODE 13.6 +654.4 654443 4.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 MAML1 ZNF354B ZNF879 LOC105377763 ZNF454 CANX LOC100996419 MGAT4B LOC101928445 ZFP2
GH05F180669 1 Ensembl 13.6 -316.7 -316710 1.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ZNF133 ARID4B YBX1 ZNF2 GATA2 ZNF143 ZNF207 KLF7 ZFP62 ENSG00000233937 MAML1 TRIM52 LOC100996419 CNOT6 GFPT2 TBC1D9B RN7SKP150 RACK1
GH05F181221 1.2 ENCODE 11.2 -869.9 -869865 4.4 CREB3L1 ZFP64 YBX1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 ENSG00000233937 RACK1 TRIM52-AS1 OR2V2 ENSG00000250765 ZFP62 LOC100128762 LOC646227 LOC100419853 LOC100420514
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GFPT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GFPT2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001298437 187 2401 PKNOX1 KLF17 BMI1 GLIS2 SP3 NFYC ZNF645 ZEB2 NR2F2 MBD2

Genomic Location for GFPT2 Gene

180,300,690 bp from pter
180,353,387 bp from pter
52,698 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GFPT2 Gene

Genes around GFPT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GFPT2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GFPT2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GFPT2 Gene

Proteins for GFPT2 Gene

  • Protein details for GFPT2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53XM2
    • Q9BWS4

    Protein attributes for GFPT2 Gene

    682 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    76931 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for GFPT2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GFPT2 Gene


Post-translational modifications for GFPT2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GFPT2 Gene

Domains & Families for GFPT2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GFPT2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 glutamine amidotransferase type-2 domain.
  • Contains 1 glutamine amidotransferase type-2 domain.
  • Contains 2 SIS domains.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GFPT2: view

No data available for Gene Families for GFPT2 Gene

Function for GFPT2 Gene

Molecular function for GFPT2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-glutamine + D-fructose 6-phosphate = L-glutamate + D-glucosamine 6-phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GFPT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GFPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004360 glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing) activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21044950
GO:0008483 transaminase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GFPT2: view

Animal Models for GFPT2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GFPT2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GFPT2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GFPT2 Gene

Localization for GFPT2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GFPT2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GFPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GFPT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GFPT2: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O94808-GFPT2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis; UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis; alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate from D-fructose 6-phosphate: step 1/1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GFPT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006002 fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process TAS 10198162
GO:0006047 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine metabolic process IBA --
GO:0006048 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthetic process IEA,TAS --
GO:0006112 energy reserve metabolic process TAS 10198162
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GFPT2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GFPT2 Gene

(4) Drugs for GFPT2 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Enzyme, substrate 0
Famotidine Approved Pharma Histamine H2-receptor antagonist 59
glucosamine 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0
L-Glutamic Acid Nutra Full agonist, Agonist 0

(1) Additional Compounds for GFPT2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Fructose 6-phosphate
  • D-Fructose 6-phosphate
  • D-Fructose 6-phosphorate
  • D-Fructose 6-phosphoric acid
  • D-Fructose-6-P
  • D-Fructose-6-phosphate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GFPT2: view

Transcripts for GFPT2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GFPT2 Gene

Glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GFPT2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b
SP1: - - - -
SP2: -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for GFPT2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GFPT2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GFPT2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GFPT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x6.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GFPT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (61.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GFPT2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GFPT2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GFPT2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GFPT2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highest levels of expression in heart, placenta, and spinal cord.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GFPT2: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for GFPT2 Gene

Orthologs for GFPT2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GFPT2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GFPT2 34 35
  • 98.04 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GFPT2 35
  • 95 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 95 (a)
-- 35
  • 87 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GFPT2 34 35
  • 91.98 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GFPT2 34 35
  • 90.86 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gfpt2 34 16 35
  • 89.39 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gfpt2 34
  • 89.3 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GFPT2 34 35
  • 79.03 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GFPT2 35
  • 85 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gfpt2 34 35
  • 73.73 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.12662 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011352 34
  • 65.67 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gfat2 36 34 35
  • 65.44 (n)
Gfat1 36 35
  • 63 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F07A11.2 34 35
  • 60.47 (n)
F07A11.2b 36
  • 58 (a)
F07A11.2a 36
  • 57 (a)
F22B3.4 36 35
  • 57 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ABL036C 34
  • 60.36 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F13596g 34
  • 56.28 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GFA1 34 35 37
  • 55.44 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G24090 34
  • 54.74 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os12g0131100 34
  • 58.91 (n)
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.11907 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 65 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU11350 34
  • 59.29 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPBC12C2.11 34
  • 54.5 (n)
Species where no ortholog for GFPT2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GFPT2 Gene

Gene Tree for GFPT2 (if available)
Gene Tree for GFPT2 (if available)

Paralogs for GFPT2 Gene

Paralogs for GFPT2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for GFPT2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GFPT2: view

Variants for GFPT2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GFPT2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10043913 -- 180,335,360(+) TGGCA(C/G)CAATC intron-variant
rs10052131 -- 180,331,985(+) GCACC(A/G)TGCTG intron-variant
rs1007838 -- 180,345,835(-) CCCAG(C/T)GAGCG intron-variant
rs1008025 -- 180,321,454(-) GGCAC(A/G)GGTCT intron-variant
rs1035411 -- 180,302,519(-) ACAAT(C/T)GAGCT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GFPT2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830563 CNV loss 17160897
nsv10787 CNV gain 18304495
nsv1033706 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1026417 CNV gain 25217958
esv3567112 CNV deletion 23714750
esv2759398 CNV gain 17122850
esv2731331 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2731327 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv973e201 CNV deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for GFPT2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.53% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.59; 82.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GFPT2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT2 Gene

Disorders for GFPT2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for GFPT2 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pancreatic steatorrhea
  • pancreatic steatorrhea [dup]
lipodystrophy, familial partial, 2
  • lipodystrophy, familial partial, type 2
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GFPT2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GFPT2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GFPT2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GFPT2 Gene

Publications for GFPT2 Gene

  1. cDNA cloning and mapping of a novel subtype of glutamine:fructose-6- phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT2) in human and mouse. (PMID: 10198162) Oki T. … Tanaka I. (Genomics 1999) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Association analysis of ADPRT1, AKR1B1, RAGE, GFPT2 and PAI-1 gene polymorphisms with chronic renal insufficiency among Asian Indians with type-2 diabetes. (PMID: 20353610) Prasad P. … Thelma B.K. (BMC Med. Genet. 2010) 3 22 46 64
  3. Common variants in glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 2 (GFPT2) gene are associated with type 2 diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, and increased GFPT2 mRNA levels. (PMID: 14764791) Zhang H. … Elbein S.C. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2004) 3 22 46 64
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. Widespread Expansion of Protein Interaction Capabilities by Alternative Splicing. (PMID: 26871637) Yang X. … Vidal M. (Cell 2016) 3 64

Products for GFPT2 Gene

Sources for GFPT2 Gene

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