Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GFAP Gene

Aliases for GFAP Gene

  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein 2 3 5
  • Intermediate Filament Protein 2
  • ALXDRD 3

External Ids for GFAP Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GFAP Gene

  • GC17M042501
  • GC17M045160
  • GC17M042993
  • GC17M043458
  • GC17M040338
  • GC17M038748
  • GC17M042982

Summaries for GFAP Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GFAP Gene

  • This gene encodes one of the major intermediate filament proteins of mature astrocytes. It is used as a marker to distinguish astrocytes from other glial cells during development. Mutations in this gene cause Alexander disease, a rare disorder of astrocytes in the central nervous system. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GFAP Gene

GFAP (Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GFAP include alexander disease and myxopapillary ependymoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Neural Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity and structural constituent of cytoskeleton. An important paralog of this gene is KRT82.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFAP Gene

  • GFAP, a class-III intermediate filament, is a cell-specific marker that, during the development of the central nervous system, distinguishes astrocytes from other glial cells.

Gene Wiki entry for GFAP Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GFAP Gene

Genomics for GFAP Gene

Regulatory Elements for GFAP Gene

Genomic Location for GFAP Gene

44,905,008 bp from pter
44,916,937 bp from pter
11,930 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GFAP Gene

Genes around GFAP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GFAP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GFAP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GFAP Gene

Proteins for GFAP Gene

  • Protein details for GFAP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glial fibrillary acidic protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RD44
    • D3DX59
    • E9PAX3
    • Q53H98
    • Q5D055
    • Q6ZQS3
    • Q7Z5J6
    • Q7Z5J7
    • Q96KS4
    • Q96P18
    • Q9UFD0

    Protein attributes for GFAP Gene

    432 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    49880 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with SYNM (By similarity). Isoform 3 interacts with PSEN1 (via N-terminus).

    Alternative splice isoforms for GFAP Gene


neXtProt entry for GFAP Gene

Proteomics data for GFAP Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GFAP Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GFAP Gene

Domains & Families for GFAP Gene

Gene Families for GFAP Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GFAP: view

Function for GFAP Gene

Molecular function for GFAP Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glial fibrillary acidic protein,49.8kDa,almost exclusively expressed in astrocytes,interacting with S100A1
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
GFAP, a class-III intermediate filament, is a cell-specific marker that, during the development of the central nervous system, distinguishes astrocytes from other glial cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GFAP: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GFAP Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for GFAP Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GFAP:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GFAP Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GFAP

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GFAP Gene

Localization for GFAP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFAP Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Associated with intermediate filaments.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GFAP Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GFAP gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 4
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
plasma membrane 2
lysosome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GFAP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0043209 myelin sheath IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFAP: view

Pathways & Interactions for GFAP Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GFAP: view

Pathways by source for GFAP Gene

2 BioSystems pathways for GFAP Gene
1 KEGG pathway for GFAP Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for GFAP Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for GFAP Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for GFAP Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GFAP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0014002 astrocyte development IEA --
GO:0030198 extracellular matrix organization IEA --
GO:0031102 neuron projection regeneration IEA --
GO:0045103 intermediate filament-based process IEA --
GO:0051580 regulation of neurotransmitter uptake IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFAP: view

Drugs & Compounds for GFAP Gene

(57) Drugs for GFAP Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(62) Additional Compounds for GFAP Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GFAP: view

Transcripts for GFAP Gene

Unigene Clusters for GFAP Gene

Glial fibrillary acidic protein:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GFAP Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13a · 13b ^
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: -
SP9: -
SP10: -
SP11: -
SP12: -

ExUns: 14a · 14b · 14c

Relevant External Links for GFAP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GFAP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GFAP Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GFAP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x18.8), Brain - Substantia nigra (x6.1), Brain - Hypothalamus (x5.0), Brain - Hippocampus (x4.3), and Brain - Amygdala (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GFAP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spinal cord (38.5) and Brain (16.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GFAP Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GFAP Gene Hs.514227

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GFAP Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in cells lacking fibronectin.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GFAP: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for GFAP Gene

Orthologs for GFAP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GFAP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GFAP 35
  • 92.13 (n)
  • 96.26 (a)
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GFAP 35
  • 89.71 (n)
  • 94.5 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gfap 35
  • 87.41 (n)
  • 91.61 (a)
Gfap 16
Gfap 36
  • 83 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GFAP 35
  • 99.54 (n)
  • 100 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gfap 35
  • 87.67 (n)
  • 92.09 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GFAP 36
  • 79 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 47 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GFAP 35
  • 74.84 (n)
  • 71.32 (a)
  • 60 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GFAP 36
  • 62 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gfap 35
  • 68.77 (n)
  • 68.22 (a)
gfap 36
  • 60 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GFAP:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GFAP Gene

Gene Tree for GFAP (if available)
Gene Tree for GFAP (if available)

Paralogs for GFAP Gene

Paralogs for GFAP Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GFAP: view

Variants for GFAP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GFAP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs57474185 - 44,915,347(-) ACTCC(C/T)GACCC reference, missense
rs57120761 Alexander disease (ALXDRD) 44,915,261(-) TGGAG(C/G/T)TCAAT reference, missense
rs58732244 Alexander disease (ALXDRD) 44,915,258(-) AGCTC(A/T)ATGAC reference, missense
rs59793293 Alexander disease (ALXDRD) 44,915,252(-) ATGAC(A/C/G/T)GCTTT reference, missense
rs59285727 Alexander disease (ALXDRD) 44,915,251(-) TGACC(A/C/G/T)CTTTG reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GFAP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833457 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv527788 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv516758 CNV Loss 19592680
esv989371 CNV Deletion 20482838

Variation tolerance for GFAP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 56.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.30; 62.81% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GFAP Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFAP Gene

Disorders for GFAP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(138) MalaCards diseases for GFAP Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
alexander disease
  • alexander's disease
myxopapillary ependymoma
  • ependymoma myxopapillary
gliomatosis cerebri
  • astrocytosis cerebri
  • cerebral astroblastoma
  • mixed oligodendroglioma-astrocytoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GFAP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Alexander disease (ALXDRD) [MIM:203450]: A rare disorder of the central nervous system. The most common form affects infants and young children, and is characterized by progressive failure of central myelination, usually leading to death within the first decade. Infants with Alexander disease develop a leukodystrophy with macrocephaly, seizures, and psychomotor retardation. Patients with juvenile or adult forms typically experience ataxia, bulbar signs and spasticity, and a more slowly progressive course. Histologically, Alexander disease is characterized by Rosenthal fibers, homogeneous eosinophilic inclusions in astrocytes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11138011, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11567214, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11595337, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12034785, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12034796, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12581808, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12944715, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12975300, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15030911, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15732097, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17043438, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17805552, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17894839, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17934883, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17960815, ECO:0000269 PubMed:18004641, ECO:0000269 PubMed:18079314, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19412928, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20359319, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21917775, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23364391, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23743246, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24742911}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for GFAP

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GFAP: view

No data available for Genatlas for GFAP Gene

Publications for GFAP Gene

  1. Determination of the gene structure of human GFAP and absence of coding region mutations associated with frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. (PMID: 9693047) Isaacs A. … Hutton M. (Genomics 1998) 2 3 4 67
  2. Immunolocalization of fascin, an actin-bundling protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein in human astrocytoma cells. (PMID: 19170683) Mondal S. … Rutka J.T. (Brain Pathol. 2010) 3 23
  3. Withaferin A targets intermediate filaments glial fibrillary acidic protein and vimentin in a model of retinal gliosis. (PMID: 20048155) Bargagna-Mohan P. … Mohan R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 23
  4. Human cytomegalovirus infection downregulates the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein in human glioblastoma U373MG cells: identification of viral genes and protein domains involved. (PMID: 19264642) Koh K. … Kim S. (J. Gen. Virol. 2009) 3 23
  5. The process of inducing GFAP aggregates in astrocytoma-derived cells is different between R239C and R416W mutant GFAP. A time-lapse recording study. (PMID: 19379794) Yoshida T. … Nakagawa M. (Neurosci. Lett. 2009) 3 23

Products for GFAP Gene

Sources for GFAP Gene

Back to Top