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Aliases for GEMIN8 Gene

Aliases for GEMIN8 Gene

  • Gem (Nuclear Organelle) Associated Protein 8 2 3
  • Family With Sequence Similarity 51, Member A1 2 3
  • Gemin-8 3 4
  • FAM51A1 3 4
  • Protein FAM51A1 4

External Ids for GEMIN8 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GEMIN8 Gene

  • FAM51A1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GEMIN8 Gene

  • GC0XM013937
  • GC0XM011782

Summaries for GEMIN8 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GEMIN8 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is part of the SMN complex, which is necessary for spliceosomal snRNP assembly in the cytoplasm and pre-mRNA splicing in the nucleus. The encoded protein binds to both SMN1 and the GEMIN6/GEMIN7 heterodimer, mediating their interaction. This protein is found in nuclear Gemini of Cajal bodies (gems) and in the cytoplasm. Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for GEMIN8 Gene

GEMIN8 (Gem (Nuclear Organelle) Associated Protein 8) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are RNA transport.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN8 Gene

  • The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Gene Wiki entry for GEMIN8 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GEMIN8 Gene

Genomics for GEMIN8 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GEMIN8 Gene

Genomic Location for GEMIN8 Gene

Chromosome:
X
Start:
14,002,124 bp from pter
End:
14,029,916 bp from pter
Size:
27,793 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GEMIN8 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GEMIN8 Gene

Proteins for GEMIN8 Gene

  • Protein details for GEMIN8 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9NWZ8-GEMI8_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Gem-associated protein 8
    Protein Accession:
    Q9NWZ8
    Secondary Accessions:
    • C4AMC4
    • Q2LJ66
    • Q6ZV27

    Protein attributes for GEMIN8 Gene

    Size:
    242 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    28637 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Part of the core SMN complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8 and STRAP/UNRIP. Part of the SMN-Sm complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8, STRAP/UNRIP and the Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG. Interacts directly with SMN1 and with the GEMIN6-GEMIN7 heterodimer, mediating their interaction.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAC86038.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for GEMIN8 Gene

Proteomics data for GEMIN8 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GEMIN8 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 10
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GEMIN8 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GEMIN8 Gene

Domains & Families for GEMIN8 Gene

Gene Families for GEMIN8 Gene

Protein Domains for GEMIN8 Gene

ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GEMIN8 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GEMIN8: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN8 Gene

Function for GEMIN8 Gene

Molecular function for GEMIN8 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GEMIN8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17023415
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN8: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GEMIN8: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GEMIN8

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GEMIN8 Gene

Localization for GEMIN8 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN8 Gene

Nucleus, gem. Cytoplasm. Note=Found in nuclear bodies called gems (Gemini of Cajal bodies) that are often in proximity to Cajal (coiled) bodies. Also found in the cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GEMIN8 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GEMIN8 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GEMIN8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 16434402
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 17023415
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA 18984161
GO:0032797 SMN complex IDA 16434402
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN8: view

Pathways & Interactions for GEMIN8 Gene

SuperPathways for GEMIN8 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 RNA transport
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GEMIN8: view

Pathways by source for GEMIN8 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for GEMIN8 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GEMIN8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000387 spliceosomal snRNP assembly IDA 16434402
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN8: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GEMIN8 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GEMIN8 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GEMIN8 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GEMIN8 Gene

Gem (nuclear organelle) associated protein 8:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GEMIN8

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GEMIN8 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d · 6e · 6f · 6g ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - -
SP8: -
SP9:

Relevant External Links for GEMIN8 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GEMIN8
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GEMIN8

Expression for GEMIN8 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GEMIN8 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GEMIN8 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (57.9) and Pancreas (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GEMIN8 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GEMIN8 Gene Hs.592237

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GEMIN8: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GEMIN8 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GEMIN8 Gene

Orthologs for GEMIN8 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GEMIN8 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GEMIN8 35
  • 70.13 (n)
  • 61.9 (a)
GEMIN8 36
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GEMIN8 35
  • 77.87 (n)
  • 75.86 (a)
GEMIN8 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gemin8 35
  • 76.51 (n)
  • 68.35 (a)
Gemin8 16
Gemin8 36
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GEMIN8 35
  • 98.9 (n)
  • 98.76 (a)
GEMIN8 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gemin8 35
  • 76.55 (n)
  • 69.92 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GEMIN8 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GEMIN8 36
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GEMIN8 35
  • 61.31 (n)
  • 57.34 (a)
GEMIN8 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GEMIN8 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gemin8 35
  • 67.72 (n)
  • 70.63 (a)
Str.521 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.4507 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gemin8 35
  • 55.76 (n)
  • 53.27 (a)
wufd13g07 35
gemin8 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for GEMIN8:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GEMIN8 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GEMIN8 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GEMIN8 (if available)

Paralogs for GEMIN8 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GEMIN8 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GEMIN8: view

No data available for Paralogs for GEMIN8 Gene

Variants for GEMIN8 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GEMIN8 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs13366 -- 14,008,811(+) TGTAC(A/C)CCAGT utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant
rs717566 -- 14,003,893(-) CATTT(C/T)TAGGG intron-variant
rs1003829 -- 14,019,253(-) CTTCT(C/T)TCCCT intron-variant
rs1023511 -- 14,007,324(-) CCTGA(A/G)AAGAT utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant
rs1023512 -- 14,007,262(-) TCTAA(A/G)AACAG utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GEMIN8 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv528634 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for GEMIN8 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57.84% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.05; 50.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GEMIN8 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GEMIN8

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN8 Gene

Disorders for GEMIN8 Gene

Relevant External Links for GEMIN8

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GEMIN8
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GEMIN8: view

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GEMIN8 Gene

Publications for GEMIN8 Gene

  1. Gemin8 is a novel component of the survival motor neuron complex and functions in small nuclear ribonucleoprotein assembly. (PMID: 16434402) Carissimi C. … Pellizzoni L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 2 67
  2. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 67
  3. Implication of the SMN complex in the biogenesis and steady state level of the signal recognition particle. (PMID: 23221635) Piazzon N. … Massenet S. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2013) 67
  4. MMS19 assembles iron-sulfur proteins required for DNA metabolism and genomic integrity. (PMID: 22678362) Stehling O. … Lill R. (Science 2012) 67
  5. Interactions of pathological hallmark proteins: tubulin polymerization promoting protein/p25, beta-amyloid, and alpha-synuclein. (PMID: 21832049) OlA!h J. … OvA!di J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2011) 67

Products for GEMIN8 Gene

Sources for GEMIN8 Gene

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