External Ids for GDF9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GDF9 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. The encoded preproprotein is processed into a secreted factor that is required for ovarian folliculogenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]
GeneCards Summary for GDF9 Gene
GDF9 (Growth Differentiation Factor 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GDF9 include mitchell-riley syndrome and premature ovarian failure. Among its related pathways are Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts and ERK Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and transforming growth factor beta receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is GDF10.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDF9 Gene
Required for ovarian folliculogenesis. Promotes primordial follicle development. Stimulates granulosa cell proliferation. Promotes cell transition from G0/G1 to S and G2/M phases, through an increase of CCND1 and CCNE1 expression, and RB1 phosphorylation. It regulates STAR expression and cAMP-dependent progesterone release in granulosa and thecal cells. Attenuates the suppressive effects of activin A on STAR expression and progesterone production by increasing the expression of inhibin B. It suppresses FST and FSTL3 production in granulosa-lutein cells.