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Aliases for GDF9 Gene

Aliases for GDF9 Gene

  • Growth Differentiation Factor 9 2 3 5
  • GDF-9 4

External Ids for GDF9 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GDF9 Gene

  • GC05M131719
  • GC05M132644
  • GC05M132228
  • GC05M132273
  • GC05M132225
  • GC05M132224
  • GC05M132196
  • GC05M127389

Summaries for GDF9 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GDF9 Gene

  • This gene encodes a secreted ligand of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. Ligands of this family bind various TGF-beta receptors leading to recruitment and activation of SMAD family transcription factors that regulate gene expression. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate each subunit of the disulfide-linked homodimer. This protein regulates ovarian function. Reduced expression of this gene may be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and mutations in this gene may be more common in mothers of dizygotic twins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]

GeneCards Summary for GDF9 Gene

GDF9 (Growth Differentiation Factor 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GDF9 include Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Ovarian Disease. Among its related pathways are GPCR Pathway and Phospholipase-C Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and transforming growth factor beta receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is BMP15.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDF9 Gene

  • Required for ovarian folliculogenesis. Promotes primordial follicle development. Stimulates granulosa cell proliferation. Promotes cell transition from G0/G1 to S and G2/M phases, through an increase of CCND1 and CCNE1 expression, and RB1 phosphorylation. It regulates STAR expression and cAMP-dependent progesterone release in granulosa and thecal cells. Attenuates the suppressive effects of activin A on STAR expression and progesterone production by increasing the expression of inhibin B. It suppresses FST and FSTL3 production in granulosa-lutein cells.

Gene Wiki entry for GDF9 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GDF9 Gene

Genomics for GDF9 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GDF9 Gene

Enhancers for GDF9 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05G132818 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.7 +47.1 47082 2.2 HDGF FOXA2 ATF1 ARNT WRNIP1 ARID4B ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 GDF9 RNU7-15P RNA5SP192 UQCRQ CCNI2 KIF3A IL4 ENSG00000230612 SHROOM1 ENSG00000272203
GH05G132812 1.2 ENCODE dbSUPER 21.6 +51.3 51282 5.4 CBX3 BMI1 YY1 GLIS2 EGR2 ZNF263 ZNF202 ZNF362 ZNF280D CEBPB GDF9 RNU7-15P RNA5SP192 CCNI2 UQCRQ KIF3A TH2LCRR IL13 IL4 ENSG00000230612
GH05G132836 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.2 +27.6 27557 5.1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 CBX5 FOS PAF1 SHROOM1 GDF9 GC05M132843
GH05G132865 1.1 ENCODE 16.7 -0.3 -295 3.5 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 FOS GDF9 AFF4 RAD50 ZCCHC10 PIR40966
GH05G132871 1 ENCODE 14.6 -6.4 -6414 3.7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 GATA2 PAF1 SP5 MXD4 GDF9 AFF4 RNA5SP192 RNU7-15P SHROOM1 LEAP2 GC05P132913
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GDF9 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GDF9 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000186910 84 1601 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143

Genomic Location for GDF9 Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
132,861,181 bp from pter
End:
132,866,884 bp from pter
Size:
5,704 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GDF9 Gene

Genes around GDF9 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GDF9 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GDF9 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GDF9 Gene

Proteins for GDF9 Gene

  • Protein details for GDF9 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O60383-GDF9_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Growth/differentiation factor 9
    Protein Accession:
    O60383
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4VAW5

    Protein attributes for GDF9 Gene

    Size:
    454 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    51444 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer or heterodimer (Potential). But, in contrast to other members of this family, cannot be disulfide-linked (By similarity).
    Miscellaneous:
    • Ovarian physiology and fertility are controlled by endocrine and paracrine signals. These act in a species-dependent manner and determine the ovulation quota in different mammalian species. While humans, and mammals such as the cow or red deer, normally ovulate only one egg per cycle, other mammals such as mouse and pig can ovulate in excess of ten per cycle. The mechanisms that regulate the species-specific differences in the number of follicles that go onto ovulate during each reproductive cycle are poorly understood. According to PubMed:21970812, mRNA expression levels of GDF9 and BMP15 are tightly coregulated within each species and influence species-specific ovulation-rates.

neXtProt entry for GDF9 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GDF9 Gene

  • Phosphorylated; phosphorylation is critical for GDF9 function. In vitro, can be phosphorylated by CK at Ser-325.
  • Glycosylation at isoforms=106, Asn163, isoforms=236, Asn255, isoforms=268, and Asn338
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for GDF9

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GDF9 Gene

Domains & Families for GDF9 Gene

Gene Families for GDF9 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GDF9 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O60383

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GDF9_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GDF9: view

Function for GDF9 Gene

Molecular function for GDF9 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
growth/differentiation factor 9,secreted member of TGFB superfamily,expressed only in ovary (in oocyte at the type 3a primary follicle stage),involved in normal ovulation,fertilization and female reproduction
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required for ovarian folliculogenesis. Promotes primordial follicle development. Stimulates granulosa cell proliferation. Promotes cell transition from G0/G1 to S and G2/M phases, through an increase of CCND1 and CCNE1 expression, and RB1 phosphorylation. It regulates STAR expression and cAMP-dependent progesterone release in granulosa and thecal cells. Attenuates the suppressive effects of activin A on STAR expression and progesterone production by increasing the expression of inhibin B. It suppresses FST and FSTL3 production in granulosa-lutein cells.

LifeMap Function Summary for GDF9 Gene

It affects the following cells:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GDF9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IEA,IBA --
GO:0005160 transforming growth factor beta receptor binding IBA --
GO:0008083 growth factor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDF9: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GDF9: view

Animal Models for GDF9 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GDF9:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GDF9

miRNA for GDF9 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GDF9

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GDF9 Gene

Localization for GDF9 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDF9 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GDF9 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2
golgi apparatus 2
plasma membrane 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GDF9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA,IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDF9: view

Pathways & Interactions for GDF9 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GDF9: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GDF9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001555 oocyte growth IEA --
GO:0007179 transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway TAS 7760846
GO:0007292 female gamete generation TAS 7760846
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IDA 19366876
GO:0010862 positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDF9: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GDF9 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GDF9 Gene

(2) Drugs for GDF9 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for GDF9 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GDF9: view

Transcripts for GDF9 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GDF9 Gene

(12) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(5) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(7) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GDF9 Gene

Growth differentiation factor 9:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GDF9 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GDF9 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GDF9
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GDF9

Expression for GDF9 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GDF9 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GDF9 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x10.5).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GDF9 Gene:

GDF9

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GDF9 Gene:

Hs.25022

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GDF9 Gene:

O60383-GDF9_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in ovarian granulosa cells. Present in oocytes of primary follicles (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GDF9: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GDF9 Gene

Orthologs for GDF9 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GDF9 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GDF9 34 35
  • 99.27 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GDF9 34 35
  • 85.55 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GDF9 34 35
  • 82.21 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gdf9 34
  • 79.27 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gdf9 34 16 35
  • 77.88 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GDF9 35
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 26 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100858088 34
  • 63.91 (n)
GDF-9 35 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GDF9 35
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100496740 34
  • 59.1 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gdf9 34 35
  • 52.04 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1523 34
Species where no ortholog for GDF9 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GDF9 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GDF9 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GDF9 (if available)

Paralogs for GDF9 Gene

Paralogs for GDF9 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GDF9: view

Variants for GDF9 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GDF9 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11544803 Pathogenic 132,867,015(+) GGAGT(C/T)TTTCT upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs144996711 Likely benign 132,868,226(+) CTGTG(C/T)GCCTC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs17166297 Likely benign 132,868,305(+) TACAC(A/G)AATGA upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs17624157 Likely benign 132,868,339(+) TTAAC(A/G)TATCC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs4415070 Likely benign 132,867,916(+) TTGGC(C/T)CTCTG upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GDF9 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3606811 CNV gain 21293372
nsv5003 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv5004 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv830489 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for GDF9 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 58.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.07; 37.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GDF9 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GDF9
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GDF9

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDF9 Gene

Disorders for GDF9 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for GDF9 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
polycystic ovary syndrome
  • multicystic ovaries
ovarian disease
  • ovarian dysfunction
premature ovarian failure 1
  • turner syndrome
female reproductive system disease
  • genital diseases, female
premature ovarian failure
  • premature menopause
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GDF9 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GDF9_HUMAN
  • Note=Altered GDF9 function may be involved in ovarian disorders. Rare variants in GDF9 have been found in patients with premature ovarian failure and mothers of dizygotic twins. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16954162}.

Relevant External Links for GDF9

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GDF9
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GDF9
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GDF9
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GDF9: view

No data available for Genatlas for GDF9 Gene

Publications for GDF9 Gene

  1. Analyses of GDF9 mutation in 100 Chinese women with premature ovarian failure. (PMID: 17482612) Zhao H. … Rajkovic A. (Fertil. Steril. 2007) 3 4 22 46 64
  2. Mutations and sequence variants in GDF9 and BMP15 in patients with premature ovarian failure. (PMID: 16645022) Laissue P. … Veitia R.A. (Eur. J. Endocrinol. 2006) 3 4 22 46 64
  3. Mutational screening of the coding region of growth differentiation factor 9 gene in Indian women with ovarian failure. (PMID: 16278619) Dixit H. … Singh L. (Menopause 2005) 3 4 22 46 64
  4. Analyses of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) mutation in Chinese women with premature ovarian failure. (PMID: 19438907) Wang B. … Ma X. (Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf.) 2010) 3 4 22 64
  5. Golgi apparatus casein kinase phosphorylates bioactive Ser-6 of bone morphogenetic protein 15 and growth and differentiation factor 9. (PMID: 20067794) Tibaldi E. … Pinna L.A. (FEBS Lett. 2010) 3 4 22 64

Products for GDF9 Gene

Sources for GDF9 Gene

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