Aliases for GCH1 Gene
External Ids for GCH1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GCH1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GCH1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the GTP cyclohydrolase family. The encoded protein is the first and rate-limiting enzyme in tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) biosynthesis, catalyzing the conversion of GTP into 7,8-dihydroneopterin triphosphate. BH4 is an essential cofactor required by aromatic amino acid hydroxylases as well as nitric oxide synthases. Mutations in this gene are associated with malignant hyperphenylalaninemia and dopa-responsive dystonia. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described; however, not all variants give rise to a functional enzyme. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GCH1 Gene
GCH1 (GTP Cyclohydrolase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GCH1 include Hyperphenylalaninemia, Bh4-Deficient, B and Dystonia, Dopa-Responsive, With Or Without Hyperphenylalaninemia. Among its related pathways are eNOS activation and regulation and Folate biosynthesis. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and GTP binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCH1 Gene
Positively regulates nitric oxide synthesis in umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). May be involved in dopamine synthesis. May modify pain sensitivity and persistence. Isoform GCH-1 is the functional enzyme, the potential function of the enzymatically inactive isoforms remains unknown.