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Aliases for GATB Gene

Aliases for GATB Gene

  • Glutamyl-TRNA(Gln) Amidotransferase, Subunit B 2 3 5
  • Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Factor PET112 Homolog 3 4
  • Glu-AdT Subunit B 3 4
  • PET112L 3 4
  • PET112 3 4
  • Cytochrome Oxidase Assembly Factor PET112 Homolog 3
  • PET112 (Yeast Homolog)-Like 2
  • PET112 Homolog (Yeast) 2
  • PET112-Like (Yeast) 2
  • PET112 Homolog 3
  • EC 6.3.5.- 4
  • EC 6.3.5 63
  • HSPC199 3

External Ids for GATB Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GATB Gene

  • PET112L
  • PET112

Summaries for GATB Gene

GeneCards Summary for GATB Gene

GATB (Glutamyl-TRNA(Gln) Amidotransferase, Subunit B) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and tRNA Aminoacylation. GO annotations related to this gene include ligase activity and translation factor activity, RNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GATB Gene

  • Allows the formation of correctly charged Gln-tRNA(Gln) through the transamidation of misacylated Glu-tRNA(Gln) in the mitochondria. The reaction takes place in the presence of glutamine and ATP through an activated gamma-phospho-Glu-tRNA(Gln).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GATB Gene

Genomics for GATB Gene

Regulatory Elements for GATB Gene

Enhancers for GATB Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around GATB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GATB Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around GATB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GATB Gene

151,670,052 bp from pter
151,761,023 bp from pter
90,972 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GATB Gene

Genes around GATB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GATB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GATB Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GATB Gene

Proteins for GATB Gene

  • Protein details for GATB Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase subunit B, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4W5M8
    • Q53GP4
    • Q9P0S6
    • Q9Y2B8

    Protein attributes for GATB Gene

    557 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61864 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Subunit of the heterotrimeric GatCAB amidotransferase (AdT) complex, composed of A (QRSL1), B (GATB) and C (GATC) subunits.
    • Sequence=AAF36119.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=420; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for GATB Gene

Proteomics data for GATB Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GATB Gene

Post-translational modifications for GATB Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for GATB Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the GatB/GatE family. GatB subfamily.
  • Belongs to the GatB/GatE family. GatB subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GATB: view

No data available for Gene Families for GATB Gene

Function for GATB Gene

Molecular function for GATB Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + L-glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) + L-glutamine = ADP + phosphate + L-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln) + L-glutamate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Allows the formation of correctly charged Gln-tRNA(Gln) through the transamidation of misacylated Glu-tRNA(Gln) in the mitochondria. The reaction takes place in the presence of glutamine and ATP through an activated gamma-phospho-Glu-tRNA(Gln).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GATB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GATB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GATB: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GATB: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GATB Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GATB

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GATB Gene

Localization for GATB Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GATB Gene


No data available for Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GATB Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GATB Gene

SuperPathways for GATB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GATB: view

Pathways by source for GATB Gene

2 KEGG pathways for GATB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GATB Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GATB Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GATB Gene

(3) Drugs for GATB Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Enzyme, substrate 0
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
L-Glutamic Acid Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Target 0

(2) Additional Compounds for GATB Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
phosphoric acid
  • Acide phosphorique (FRENCH)
  • Acido fosforico [Italian]
  • Acidum phosphoricum
  • Diphosphate tetrasodium
  • Fosforzuuroplossingen [Dutch]
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GATB: view

Transcripts for GATB Gene

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GATB Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13a · 13b · 13c · 13d · 13e
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for GATB Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GATB Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GATB Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GATB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (13.9), Lymph node (11.3), and Lung (9.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GATB Gene

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GATB Gene

Tissue specificity: Predominantly expressed in tissues characterized by high rates of oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos), including muscle and heart.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GATB: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GATB Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for GATB Gene

Orthologs for GATB Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GATB Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PET112 35
  • 87.29 (n)
  • 85.79 (a)
PET112 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pet112 35
  • 86.12 (n)
  • 85.46 (a)
Gatb 16
Pet112 36
  • 85 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PET112 35
  • 99.88 (n)
  • 99.82 (a)
PET112 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pet112l 35
  • 84.74 (n)
  • 83.48 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PET112L 36
  • 77 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PET112 36
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PET112 36
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PET112 35
  • 72.61 (n)
  • 71.56 (a)
PET112 36
  • 71 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PET112 36
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pet112 35
  • 66.8 (n)
  • 70.65 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pet112 35
  • 65.86 (n)
  • 66.19 (a)
pet112 36
  • 61 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003454 35
  • 49.44 (n)
  • 45.71 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5463 35
  • 52.04 (n)
  • 45.71 (a)
CG5463 36
  • 44 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C39B5.6 36
  • 32 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AGL303W 35
  • 48.07 (n)
  • 36.91 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0E20659g 35
  • 45.11 (n)
  • 35.1 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PET112 35
  • 45.88 (n)
  • 35.1 (a)
PET112 36
  • 29 (a)
PET112 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons GATB 35
  • 47.56 (n)
  • 38.22 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os11g0544800 35
  • 46.59 (n)
  • 38.76 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC343.13 35
  • 44.83 (n)
  • 34.48 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 55 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GATB:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GATB Gene

Gene Tree for GATB (if available)
Gene Tree for GATB (if available)

Paralogs for GATB Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GATB Gene

Variants for GATB Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GATB Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11556167 - 151,760,894(-) AGGGG(A/C)TCCGA reference, missense
rs4571 -- 151,671,039(+) ATTAA(C/T)GCCAT utr-variant-3-prime
rs907237 -- 151,679,994(-) GTCCG(A/C)TATTT intron-variant
rs907238 -- 151,702,133(-) TGCAT(A/G)CATAT intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs749982 -- 151,680,201(+) AATTC(A/G)TGAAC intron-variant

Variation tolerance for GATB Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 63.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.93; 74.46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Relevant External Links for GATB Gene

Disorders for GATB Gene

Relevant External Links for GATB

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for GATB Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GATB Gene

Publications for GATB Gene

  1. Biogenesis of glutaminyl-mt tRNAGln in human mitochondria. (PMID: 19805282) Nagao A. … Suzuki T. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009) 2 3 4 67
  2. Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. (PMID: 17016423) Imming P. … Meyer A. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25 26
  3. How many drug targets are there? (PMID: 17139284) Overington J.P. … Hopkins A.L. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25 26
  4. Identification and characterization of human cDNAs specific to BCS1, PET112, SCO1, COX15, and COX11, five genes involved in the formation and function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. (PMID: 9878253) Petruzzella V. … Zeviani M. (Genomics 1998) 2 3
  5. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3

Products for GATB Gene

Sources for GATB Gene